Year 2020, Volume 20 , Issue 4, Pages 634 - 650 2020-09-25

GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey
Sürdürülebilir Kentsel Gelişme için CBS Tabanlı Arazi Uygunluk Analizi: Eskişehir Örneği

Sayed İshaq DELİRY [1] , Hakan UYGUÇGİL [2]


Suitable site selection for sustainable urban development is one of the critical and complex issues in urban planning. Since in the selection of land for urban development, many criteria must be considered and analyzed, it is required to use the most effective techniques to identify the best location for urban expansion. In order to consider the environmental sustainability in site suitability analysis, using Geographic Information System (GIS) can help for successful analysis and decision making. This study aims to find the most suitable location for sustainable urban development in Eskisehir province based on six main planning criteria, including ten sub-criteria. Safety, connectivity, socio-economic, compactness, topography, and eco-environmental conservation were considered as the main planning goals. Geophysical, cultural, and socio-economic data were used to assess land suitability for future urban growth by integrating the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and GIS. The findings of this research based on multi-criteria decision analysis revealed that the most extensive area has low suitability (44%) for sustainable development, while unsuitable areas represent 42% of the total area of the city. Areas with the highest suitability were rarely found (0.01%). Very low suitable lands were found as 7% of the total area. Moderately suitable regions constitute 7% of the entire area, which is composed of well-connected regions and can be used as second-degree suitable land for future sustainable urban development in the study area. The study presents an insight into sustainable urban development using GIS techniques and highlights the significant constraints that the city is facing.
Kentsel gelişim için uygun alanların seçimi kentsel planlamada kritik ve karmaşık konulardan biridir. Kentsel büyüme için yer seçiminde pek çok kriter göz önünde bulundurulmalı, karşılaştırılmalı ve uygun yöntemler kullanmalıdır. Çevresel sürdürülebilirliği sağlayabilmek adına kentsel gelişim için yer seçimi analizinde, coğrafi bilgi teknolojilerinin kullanılması, doğru analiz ve doğru karar vermede yardımcı olabilecek güçlü yöntemlerden biridir. Çalışmanın amacı, Eskişehir il genelinde 6 ana planlama kriterine bağlı, toplamda 10 alt kritere dayanarak sürdürülebilir kentsel gelişim için uygun yer bulmaktır. Çalışmada kullanılan 6 ana planlama kriteri doğrultusunda, güvenli (risk ve afet), kolay ulaşılır (ulaşım), bütünleşik (mevcut kentsel alanlara bitişik), sosyo-ekonomik açıdan eşit (eğitim ve sağlık hizmetleri açısından eşitlik), ekolojik (çevreye duyarlı) ve kentsel gelişime uygun az eğimli yerler seçilmeye çalışılmıştır. Eskişehir il genelinde kentsel büyümeye uygun yerleri belirlemek amacıyla fiziki, kültürel, sosyal ve ekonomik veriler kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada belirlenen kriterlere göre il sınırları içerisinde kalan alanın % 44’ü kentsel büyüme için düşük uygunluğa sahip iken, % 42'si uygun olmayan alan olarak hesaplanmıştır. Kentsel gelişime en uygun yerler ise % 0,01 oranında bulunmuştur. Ayrıca il sınırları içerisinde kalan toplam alanın % 7'si kentsel büyüme için çok düşük uygunluğa sahipken, %7’si de orta derecede uygun alan olarak bulunmuştur. Diğer bir deyişle, %7 oranında orta derecede uygunluk derecesine sahip alanlar, gelecekte kentsel büyüme için ikinci derece uygun alanlar olarak kullanılabilir. Çalışma, CBS tekniklerini kullanarak sürdürülebilir kentsel kalkınma hakkında bir fikir vermekte ve kentin karşı karşıya olduğu önemli kısıtlamaları vurgulamaktadır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5467-1403
Author: Sayed İshaq DELİRY (Primary Author)
Institution: ANADOLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-3100-0129
Author: Hakan UYGUÇGİL
Institution: ANADOLU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : January 27, 2020
Publication Date : September 25, 2020

Bibtex @research article { akufemubid679980, journal = {Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-3367}, address = {}, publisher = {Afyon Kocatepe University}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {634 - 650}, doi = {}, title = {GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Deli̇ry, Sayed İshaq and Uyguçgi̇l, Hakan} }
APA Deli̇ry, S , Uyguçgi̇l, H . (2020). GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey . Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi , 20 (4) , 634-650 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/akufemubid/issue/56836/679980
MLA Deli̇ry, S , Uyguçgi̇l, H . "GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey" . Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 20 (2020 ): 634-650 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/akufemubid/issue/56836/679980>
Chicago Deli̇ry, S , Uyguçgi̇l, H . "GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 20 (2020 ): 634-650
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey AU - Sayed İshaq Deli̇ry , Hakan Uyguçgi̇l Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 634 EP - 650 VL - 20 IS - 4 SN - -2149-3367 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey %A Sayed İshaq Deli̇ry , Hakan Uyguçgi̇l %T GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey %D 2020 %J Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi %P -2149-3367 %V 20 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Deli̇ry, Sayed İshaq , Uyguçgi̇l, Hakan . "GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey". Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi 20 / 4 (September 2020): 634-650 .
AMA Deli̇ry S , Uyguçgi̇l H . GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 20(4): 634-650.
Vancouver Deli̇ry S , Uyguçgi̇l H . GIS-Based Land Suitability Analysis for Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study in Eskisehir, Turkey. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Ve Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. 2020; 20(4): 634-650.