Year 2020, Volume 22 , Issue 3, Pages 730 - 746 2020-09-29

Dört Temel Örgüt Kuramının Genel Değerlendirmesi
An Overview of Four Fundamental Theories of Organizations

Tutku SEÇKİN ÇELİK [1]


Bu çalışmayla dört temel örgüt kuramı (koşul bağımlılık kuramı, kaynak bağımlılığı kuramı, kurumsal kuram ve örgütsel ekoloji kuramı) hakkında temel bir anlayış sağlamak amaçlanmıştır. Bu kuramların karşılaştırılmaları yanında, genel tarihsel bir özet sunmak hedeflenmektedir. Koşul bağımlılık kuramı, kaynak bağımlılığı kuramı, kurumsal kuram ve örgütsel ekoloji kuramının temel varsayımları ve bakış açıları genel olarak değerlendirilmiş ve temel kısıtları ile haklarında getirilen eleştiriler tartışılmıştır. Bunların yanında dünya üzerinde tanınmış bu kuramların daha detaylı irdelenerek bir karşılaştırması yapılmıştır. Her ne kadar çevreyi ele alan bu dört örgüt kuramı benzerlikler taşısalar ve birleştirilseler daha değerli olacakmış gibi görünseler de, temel olarak birbirlerinden çok ayrışmaktadırlar. Bu dört temel örgüt kuramının hangi analiz seviyesinde olduğu, baskın metodolojik yöntemleri, örgütü ele alış biçimi ve başarı kriterleri gibi temel birtakım ölçütleri gözetilerek genel bir değerlendirme yapılmıştır.
The aim of this paper is to provide a basic understanding about the four fundamental theories of organization: Contingency theory, resource dependence theory, institutional theory, and population ecology theory of organizations, and to review in which way these theories differ in a detailed way. Along with a comparison of these theories, this paper aims to provide a general historical summary about them. Base assumptions and standpoints of these theories are overviewed, and main limitations and critiques against these theories are discussed. Besides, a comparison is provided to further explicate these highly acknowledged theories. While all four theories carry a resemblance and may seem to be more valuable if converge, they are fundamentally different from each other. A general review was carried out on some fundamental criteria such as the level of analysis, preferred methodological methods, depiction of organization and success criteria.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Economics and Administrative Sciences - Law
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8265-5259
Author: Tutku SEÇKİN ÇELİK (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL MEDENİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SİYASAL BİLGİLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 29, 2020

APA Seçki̇n Çeli̇k, T . (2020). An Overview of Four Fundamental Theories of Organizations . Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 22 (3) , 730-746 . DOI: 10.32709/akusosbil.548390