Year 2017, Volume 32 , Issue 2, Pages 87 - 90 2017-12-29

Çilekte Balarısının Verim ve Kaliteye Etkisi
The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry

Ayşen Melda Melda Çolak [1] , Nuray ŞAHİNLER [2] , Mahmut İSLAMOĞLU [3]


Dünya gıda maddelerinin % 90'ı bitki türünden elde edilir. Bu bitki türlerinden %77’si arı tarafından tozlaşmaya gereksinim duymaktadır. Bu nedenle yeterli tozlaşmayı sağlamak için çiçeklenme dönemlerinde arı kolonilerine ihtiyaç duyulmaktadır. Pek çok bahçe bitkileri türünde tozlanma ve döllenme olmadığı zaman meyveler gelişmelerini tamamlayamadan dökülürler. Döllenmenin yetersiz olduğu durumlarda, birkaç tohum taslağının oluşumu sonucu meyveler bitki üzerinde kalsa bile meyve şekli bozuk ve ürün kalitesi düşük olur. Elma, armut, çilek, incir, kivi, domates, patlıcan ve biber gibi bahçe bitkilerinde çiçeklerin oluşumu, gelişimi, tozlanma ve döllenme ile ürünün nitelik ve niceliği doğrudan etkilenmektedir. Tozlanmaya önem verildiğinde çiçekli bitkilerde ürün artışı olduğu gözlenmektedir. Bu çalışmamızda Uşak ilinde çilekte balarılarının tozlanma ve döllenmeye etkilerini belirlemek için 2014-2016 yılları arasında yürütülen çalışmada elde edilen verilere göre kalitenin önemli ölçüde arttığı, çilek meyvelerinde homojenlik olduğu ve Arı polinasyonu olmayan çilekte verim 970,33 g iken Arılı polinasyondaki çilekte 1248,6 g verim elde edilmiştir.

90% of the food stuff all around the world is obtained from plants. 77 % of these plant needs pollination by bees. Therefore, in order to achieve sufficient pollination, bee colonies are needed in florescence period. When pollination and fertilization do not occur in many species of horticultural crops, abscission takes place without the fruit’s being able to complete its devolopment. In conditions where fecundation is insufficent, the shape of the fruits is deformed and product quality is low even if the fruits remain on the plant as a result of the formation of a few ovules.The quality and quantity of the productare directly affected by the formation, development, pollination and fertilization of flowers in horticutural crops such as apple, pear, strawberry, fig, kiwi, tomato, egg plant and pepper.When enough attention is paid to pollination, production growth in angio spermae is observed. In this study, according to the data obtained from a study conducted in order to determine the effect of honeybees on pollination and fecundation of strawberry in Usak province between 2014 and 2016, a considerable increase in quality and a homogeneity in strawberry fruit were observed and 1248.6 g of productivity was obtained in strawberries with bee pollination, while 970.33 g of productivity was obtained in strawberries without bee pollination.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Science
Published Date 2017/2
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Author: Ayşen Melda Melda Çolak (Primary Author)
Institution: UŞAK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Author: Nuray ŞAHİNLER

Author: Mahmut İSLAMOĞLU
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : December 29, 2017

Bibtex @research article { alinterizbd335835, journal = {Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science}, issn = {2564-7814}, eissn = {2587-2249}, address = {}, publisher = {Adem Yavuz SÖNMEZ}, year = {2017}, volume = {32}, pages = {87 - 90}, doi = {10.28955/alinterizbd.335835}, title = {The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry}, key = {cite}, author = {Çolak, Ayşen Melda and ŞAHİNLER, Nuray and İSLAMOĞLU, Mahmut} }
APA Çolak, A , ŞAHİNLER, N , İSLAMOĞLU, M . (2017). The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry. Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science , 32 (2) , 87-90 . DOI: 10.28955/alinterizbd.335835
MLA Çolak, A , ŞAHİNLER, N , İSLAMOĞLU, M . "The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry". Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science 32 (2017 ): 87-90 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/alinterizbd/issue/33578/335835>
Chicago Çolak, A , ŞAHİNLER, N , İSLAMOĞLU, M . "The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry". Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science 32 (2017 ): 87-90
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry AU - Ayşen Melda Melda Çolak , Nuray ŞAHİNLER , Mahmut İSLAMOĞLU Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.28955/alinterizbd.335835 DO - 10.28955/alinterizbd.335835 T2 - Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 87 EP - 90 VL - 32 IS - 2 SN - 2564-7814-2587-2249 M3 - doi: 10.28955/alinterizbd.335835 UR - https://doi.org/10.28955/alinterizbd.335835 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Alınteri Zirai Bilimler Dergisi The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry %A Ayşen Melda Melda Çolak , Nuray ŞAHİNLER , Mahmut İSLAMOĞLU %T The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry %D 2017 %J Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science %P 2564-7814-2587-2249 %V 32 %N 2 %R doi: 10.28955/alinterizbd.335835 %U 10.28955/alinterizbd.335835
ISNAD Çolak, Ayşen Melda , ŞAHİNLER, Nuray , İSLAMOĞLU, Mahmut . "The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry". Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science 32 / 2 (December 2017): 87-90 . https://doi.org/10.28955/alinterizbd.335835
AMA Çolak A , ŞAHİNLER N , İSLAMOĞLU M . The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry. Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science. 2017; 32(2): 87-90.
Vancouver Çolak A , ŞAHİNLER N , İSLAMOĞLU M . The Effect of Honeybee Pollination on Productivity and Quality of Strawberry. Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science. 2017; 32(2): 90-87.