Year 2018, Volume 28 , Issue 3, Pages 341 - 347 2018-07-11

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION

Mehmet KALÇAY [1] , Ali Cemal TINAZ [2]




ABSTRACT


 


Aim: The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the effects of different concentrations of phytic acid on smear layer removal and erosion.


Materials and Methods: Sixty freshly extracted, single-rooted, mandibular second premolar teeth with relatively similar dimensions and lengths were selected for this study. All of the teeth were instrumented with Protaper Universal files, using the crown-down technique up to size 30, 0.06 taper (F3). Groups are as follows; Group 1 (Control): 5 mL distilled water (1 min), Group 2: 5 mL 17% EDTA (1 min), Group 3: 5 mL 1% phytic acid (1 min), Group 4: 5 mL 0.5% phytic acid (1 min). Root canals were irrigated between each file with 2 ml, 5% NaOCl. Photomicrographs were taken at x2000 magnification, from the coronal, middle and apical third of each specimen for evaluation.


Results: The 1% phytic acid solution proved to be more effective than the conventional 17% EDTA solution even when the concentration was reduced by 50%. Seventeen percent EDTA solution was effective in the removal of the smear layer at the coronal and middle thirds of the root canal. However, the solution was not as effective at the apical third of the root canal. While specimens treated with the 1% phytic acid caused the highest erosion, the 0.5% phytic acid and 17% EDTA followed.


Conclusions: There is very little research to suggest that phytic acid can be used as an alternate root canal chelating agent. Therefore, more research needs to be conducted to be able to evaluate the effects of phytic acid solution on the root canal dentine.

Keywords: Smear layer, phytic acid, erosion, chelating agents

FARKLI KONSANTRASYONLARDA KULLANILAN FİTİK ASİT SOLÜSYONLARININ SMEAR TABAKASININ UZAKLAŞTIRILMASI VE DENTİN EROZYONU ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİLERİ

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı tek köklü dişlerde son irrigasyon ajanı olarak farklı konsantrasyonlarda kulla- nılan fitik asit solüsyonlarının smear tabakasını uzak- laştırılma etkinliğinin, erozyon üzerindeki etkilerinin diğer irrigasyon solüsyonları ile karşılaştırılmasıdır.


Gereç ve Yöntem: Altmış adet, tek köklü insan alt çene ikinci premolar dişler çalışmada kullanılmıştır. Dişler döner alet yardımıyla genişletildi. Ni-Ti Protaper Universal döner eğeleri ile üretici firma talimatlarına göre sırasıyla SX, S1, S2, F1, F2 ve F3 enstrumanlar kullanılarak genişletildi. Her deney grubunda farklı so- lüsyonlar son irrigasyon ajanı olarak kullanıldı. Gruplar; Grup 1 (Kontrol): 5 mL distile su (1 dk), Grup 2: 5 mL 17% EDTA (1 dk), Grup 3: 5 mL 1% fitik asit (1 dk), Grup 4: 5 mL 0.5% fitik asit (1 dk). Smear tabaka ve erozyon değerlendirmesi, köklerden alınan vertikal kesitlerin, taramalı elektron mikroskobu altında, x2000 büyütmede, köklerin koronal, orta ve apikal üçlüsün- den alınan görüntüler kullanılarak yapıldı.


Bulgular:Çalışmanın sonuçlarına göre %1 fitik asit so- lüsyonu, solüsyonun konsantrasyonu yarı yarıya azal- tılsa bile (%0,5 fitik asit),  konvansiyonel şelasyon aja- nı %17 EDTA’dan smear tabakasını uzaklaştırma kabi- liyeti açısından daha etkilidir. %17 EDTA solüsyonu, koronal ve orta üçlü seviyelerinde etkili bir şekilde smear tabakasını uzaklaştırırken, apikal üçlü seviye- sinde aynı etkiyi gösterememiştir. Solüsyonun pH’sının bu kadar asidik olması ve yüksek şelasyon yeteneği ol- masına rağmen, dentinde orta derecede erozyona neden olmuştur.


Sonuçlar: Fitik asit solüsyonunun, kök kanal sistemin- de meydana getirdiği olumlu ve olumsuz etkilerin daha iyi anlaşılması, kök kanal tedavisinde klinik koşullarda kullanılabilirliğinin değerlendirilmesi için daha fazla in vivo ve in vitro bilimsel çalışmalar yapılması gerekmek- tedir.


Anahtar Kelimeler: Smear tabakası, fitik asit, erozyon, şelatör ajanlar







Smear layer, phytic acid, erosion
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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Araştırma Makalesi
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2162-6972
Author: Mehmet KALÇAY

Orcid: 0000-0001-7285-234X
Author: Ali Cemal TINAZ

Dates

Publication Date : July 11, 2018

Bibtex @research article { ataunidfd473255, journal = {Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-9044}, eissn = {2667-5161}, address = {}, publisher = {Ataturk University}, year = {2018}, volume = {28}, pages = {341 - 347}, doi = {10.17567/ataunidfd.473255}, title = {EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION}, key = {cite}, author = {KALÇAY, Mehmet and TINAZ, Ali Cemal} }
APA KALÇAY, M , TINAZ, A . (2018). EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION. Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi , 28 (3) , 341-347 . DOI: 10.17567/ataunidfd.473255
MLA KALÇAY, M , TINAZ, A . "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION". Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 28 (2018 ): 341-347 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ataunidfd/issue/39824/473255>
Chicago KALÇAY, M , TINAZ, A . "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION". Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 28 (2018 ): 341-347
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION AU - Mehmet KALÇAY , Ali Cemal TINAZ Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.17567/ataunidfd.473255 DO - 10.17567/ataunidfd.473255 T2 - Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 341 EP - 347 VL - 28 IS - 3 SN - 1300-9044-2667-5161 M3 - doi: 10.17567/ataunidfd.473255 UR - https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.473255 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION %A Mehmet KALÇAY , Ali Cemal TINAZ %T EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION %D 2018 %J Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-9044-2667-5161 %V 28 %N 3 %R doi: 10.17567/ataunidfd.473255 %U 10.17567/ataunidfd.473255
ISNAD KALÇAY, Mehmet , TINAZ, Ali Cemal . "EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION". Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 28 / 3 (July 2018): 341-347 . https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.473255
AMA KALÇAY M , TINAZ A . EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION. Ata Diş Hek Fak Derg. 2018; 28(3): 341-347.
Vancouver KALÇAY M , TINAZ A . EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF PHYTIC ACID ON SMEAR LAYER REMOVAL AND EROSION. Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi. 2018; 28(3): 347-341.