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THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE

Year 2020, Volume 30, Issue 4, 557 - 563, 15.10.2020
https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.743955

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the surface roughness of six different restorative materials when they were covered with surface coating agent prior to 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application. Materials and methods: Six restorative materials (Fuji IX, Amalgomer CR, Dyract XP, Beautifil II, ACTIVA, Filtek Z250) were used in this study. 28 specimens were prepared from each material and randomly divided into 4 groups (n=7) according to surface treatment regimens. Group C: control, no application, Group F: only acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application, Group S: only surface coating agent application, Group SF: surface coating agent prior to the acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application. The surface roughness values for all specimens were measured using profilometer. The results were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA), Newman Keuls and Tukey’s tests (p<0.05). Results: There were no statistically significant differences in surface roughness between group C and F for all analyzed materials, except for Amalgomer CR (p>0.05). The group C of Amalgomer CR showed higher surface roughness values than that of the group F (p=0.001). Group S produced significantly smoother surfaces than the group C for all restorative materials, except Dyract XP (p=0.001). Conclusion: 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application did not promote a significant increase on the surface roughness of restorative materials whether or not surface coated. However, surface coating was found to produce smoother surfaces. Keywords: Fluoride gel, Glass ionomer cement, Surface roughness ASİDÜLE FOSFAT FLUORİD UYGULANAN RESTORATİF MATERYALLERİN YÜZEY PÜRÜZLÜLÜĞÜNE YÜZEY ÖRTÜCÜ AJANININ ETKİSİ ÖZ: Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, %1,23 asidüle fosfat fluorid jel uygulamasından önce yüzey örtücü ajanı ile kaplanan altı farklı restoratif materyalin yüzey pürüzlülüğünün değerlendirilmesidir. Gereç ve yöntem: Çalışmada altı restoratif materyal (Fuji IX, Amalgomer CR, Dyract XP, Beautifil II, ACTIVA, Filtek Z250) kullanıldı. Her bir materyalden 28 örnek hazırlandı ve yüzeye yapılan uygulamalara göre rastgele 4 gruba ayrıldı (n=7). Grup K: kontrol, herhangi bir uygulama yapılmadı, Grup F: sadece asidüle fosfat fluorid jel uygulandı, Grup S: sadece yüzey örtücü ajan uygulandı, Grup SF: asidüle fosfat fluorid jel uygulanmadan önce yüzey örtücü ajan uygulandı. Tüm örneklerin yüzey pürüzlülüğü değerleri profilometre ile belirlendi. Sonuçların analizi varyans analizi (ANOVA), Newman Keuls ve Tukey testi ile yapıldı (p<0.05). Bulgular: Amalgomer CR dışındaki materyallerde, grup K ve grup F arasında yüzey pürüzülülüğü açısından istatistiksel olarak anlamlı farklılık görülmemiştir (p>0,05). Amalgomer CR’nin K grubu, F grubuna göre daha yüksek yüzey pürüzülülük değeri vermiştir (p=0,001). Dyract XP dışındaki tüm restoratif materyallerde grup S, grup K’ya göre anlamlı derecede daha pürüzsüz yüzey değeri göstermiştir (p=0,001). Sonuç: %1,23 asidüle fosfat fluorid jel uygulaması, yüzey örtücü uygulanmış ve uygulanmamış restoratif materyallerin yüzey pürüzlüğünde önemli bir artış sağlamamıştır. Ancak, yüzey örtücü uygulaması, materyallerin yüzey pürüzlülüğünü azaltmıştır. Anahtar kelimeler: Fluorid jel, Cam iyonomer siman, Yüzey pürüzlülüğü

References

  • 1. Wiegand A, Buchalla W, Attin T. Review on fluoride-releasing restorative materials--fluoride release and uptake characteristics, antibacterial activity and influence on caries formation. Dent Mater 2007;23: 343-62.
  • 2. Bonifácio CC, Werner A, Kleverlaan CJ. Coating glass-ionomer cements with a nanofilled resin. Acta Odontol Scand 2012;70: 471-7.
  • 3. Davidson CL. Advances in glass-ionomer cements. J Appl Oral Sci 2006;14: 3-9.
  • 4. Hewlett ER. Mount GJ. Glass ionomers in contemporary restorative dentistry--a clinical update. J Calif Dent Assoc 2003;31: 483-92.
  • 5. Sangappa VM, Dhanya Kumar NM, Shivanna V. A spectrophotometric evaluation of effectiveness of surface protection for resin modified glass ionomer cement an in vitro study. J Conserv Dent 2005;8: 15-23.
  • 6. Mensudar R, Sukumaran VG. To evaluate the effect of surface coating on three different types glass ionomer restorations. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8: 445-9.
  • 7. Diem VT, Tyas MJ, Hien CN, Phuong LH, Khanh ND. The effect of a nano-filled resin coating on the 3-year clinical performance of a conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement. Clin Oral Invest 2014;18: 753-9.
  • 8. Catelan A, Briso AL, Sundfeld RH, Dos Santos PH. Effect of artificial aging on the roughness and microhardness of sealed composites. J Esthet Restor Dent 2010;22: 324-30.
  • 9. Attar N. The effect of finishing and polishing procedures on the surface roughness of composite resin materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007;8: 27-35.
  • 10. Cilli R, de Mattos MC, Honorio HM, Rios D, de Araujo PA, Prakki A. The role of surface sealants in the roughness of composites after a simulated toothbrushing test. J Dent 2009;37: 970-7.
  • 11. Tiwari S, Nandlal B. Effect of nano-filled surface coating agent on fluoride release from conventional glass ionomer cement: an in vitro trial. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2013;31: 91-5.
  • 12. Guideline on Caries-risk Assessment and Management for Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2016;38:142-9.
  • 13. Gui Y, Zhao X, Li S, Tang L, Gong X. Fluoride release and recharge properties of six restorative materials. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2015;50: 28-32.
  • 14. Hasan AMHR, Sidhu SK, Nicholson JW. Fluoride release and uptake in enhanced bioactivity glass ionomer cement ("glass carbomer™") compared with conventional and resin-modified glass ionomer cements. J Appl Oral Sci 2019;27: e20180230.
  • 15. Gill NC, Pathak A. Comparative evaluation of the effect of topical fluorides on the microhardness of various restorative materials: an in vitro study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2010;28: 193-9.
  • 16. Botta AC, Mollica FB, Ribeiro CF, de Araujo MAM, Di Nicoló R, Balducci I. Influence of topical acidulated phosphate fluoride on surface roughness of human enamel and different restorative materials. Rev odonto ciênc 2010;25: 83-7.
  • 17. Cehreli ZC, Yazici R, García-Godoy F. Effect of 1.23 percent APF gel on fluoride-releasing restorative materials. ASDC J Dent Child 2000;67: 330-7.
  • 18. Carlen A, Nikdel K, Wennerberg A, Holmberg K, Olsson J. Surface characteristics and in vitro biofilm formation on glass ionomer and composite resin. Biomaterials 2001; 22: 481-7.
  • 19. Teughels W, Van Assche N, Sliepen I, Quirynen M. Effect of material characteristics and/or surface topography on biofilm development. Clin Oral Implants Res 2006;17: 68-81.
  • 20. Khosla E, Kuriakose S, Suderasen C. Surface micromorphological changes of glass ionomer following application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride: a scanning electron microscope study. Indian J Dent Res 2014;25: 493-8.
  • 21. Lohbauer U. Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? —Properties, Limitations and Future Trends. Materials 2010;3: 76-96.
  • 22. Pacifici E, Bossù M, Giovannetti A, La Torre G, Guerra F, Polimeni A. Surface roughness of glass ionomer cements indicated for uncooperative patients according to surface protection treatment. Ann Stomatol 2014; 4: 250-8.
  • 23. Bagis B, Tüzüner T, Turgut S, Korkmaz FM, Baygın Ö, Bağış YH. Effects of protective resin coating on the surface roughness and color stability of resin-based restorative materials. Scientific World Journal 2014;5: 1-7.
  • 24. Rizzante FAP, Bombonatti JSF, Vasconcelos L, Porto, TS, Teich S, Mondelli RFL. Influence of resin-coating agents on the roughness and color of composite resins. J Prosthet Dent 2019;122: 332.e1-332.e5.
  • 25. Erdemir U, Yildiz E, Eren MM, Ozsoy A, Topcu FT. Effects of polishing systems on the surface roughness of tooth-colored materials. J Dent Sci 2013;8: 160-9.
  • 26. Mallya P, Acharya S, Ballal V, Ginjupalli K, Ginjupalli K, Thomas M. Profilometric study to compare the effectiveness of various finishing and polishing techniques on different restorative glass ionomer cements. J Interdiscip Dentistry 2013;3: 86-90.
  • 27. Bayrak GD, Sandalli N, Selvi-Kuvvetli S, Topcuoglu N, Kulekci G. Effect of two different polishing systems on fluoride release, surface roughness and bacterial adhesion of newly developed restorative materials. J Esthet Restor Dent 2017 12;29: 424-34.
  • 28. Bollen CML, Lambrechts P, Quirynen M. Comparison of surface roughness of oral hard materials to the threshold surface roughness for bacterial retention: a review of the literature. Dent Mater 1997;13: 258-69.
  • 29. Ozdemir-Ozenen D, Sungurtekin E, Issever H, Sandalli N. Surface roughness of fluoride-releasing restorative materials after topical fluoride application. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2013;14: 68-72.
  • 30. Soeno K, Matsumura H, Atsuta M, Kawasaki K. Influence of acidulated phosphate fluoride agent and effectiveness of subsequent polishing on composite material surfaces. Oper Dent 2002;27: 305-10.
  • 31. Dionysopoulos D, Koliniotou-Koumpia E. Effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on the surface of dental nanocomposite restorative materials. J Nano R 2018; 51:1-12.
  • 32. Papagiannoulis L, Tzoutzas J, Eliades G. Effect of topical fluoride agents on the morphologic characteristics and composition of resin composite restorative materials. J Prosthet Dent 1997;774: 405-13.
  • 33. Rai R, Gupta R. In vitro evaluation of the effect of two finishing and polishing systems on four esthetic restorative materials. J Conserv Dent 2013;16: 564–7.
  • 34. De Witte AM, De Maeyer EA, Verbeeck RM. Surface roughening of glass ionomer cements by neutral NaF solutions. Biomaterials 2003;24: 1995–2000.
  • 35. Hosoya Y, Shiraishi T, Puppin-Rontani RM, Powers JM. Effects of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application on surface roughness, gloss and colour of different type resin composites. J Dent 2011;39: 700-6.
  • 36. Yip HK, To WM, Smales RJ. Effects of artificial saliva and APF gel on the surface roughness of newer glass ionomer cements. Oper Dent 2004;29: 661-8.
  • 37. Yap AU, Mok BY. Effects of professionally applied topical fluorides on surface hardness of composite-based restoratives. Oper Dent 2002;27: 576-81.
  • 38. Neuman E, Garcia-Godoy F. Effect of APF gel on a glass ionomer cement: an SEM study. ASDC J Dent Child 1992;59: 289-95.
  • 39. Garcia-Godoy F, Leon de Perez S. Effect of fluoridated gels on a light-cured glass ionomer cement: an SEM study. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1993;17: 83-7.
  • 40. Reddy DS, Kumar RA, Venkatesan SM, Narayan GS, Duraivel D, Indra R. Influence of citric acid on the surface texture of glass ionomer restorative materials. J Conserv Dent 2014;17: 436–9.
  • 41. Yeh ST, Wang HT, Liao HY, Su SL, Chang CC, Kao HC, et al. The roughness, microhardness, and surface analysis of nanocomposites after application of topical fluoride gels. Dent Mater 2011;27: 187-96.

Year 2020, Volume 30, Issue 4, 557 - 563, 15.10.2020
https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.743955

Abstract

References

  • 1. Wiegand A, Buchalla W, Attin T. Review on fluoride-releasing restorative materials--fluoride release and uptake characteristics, antibacterial activity and influence on caries formation. Dent Mater 2007;23: 343-62.
  • 2. Bonifácio CC, Werner A, Kleverlaan CJ. Coating glass-ionomer cements with a nanofilled resin. Acta Odontol Scand 2012;70: 471-7.
  • 3. Davidson CL. Advances in glass-ionomer cements. J Appl Oral Sci 2006;14: 3-9.
  • 4. Hewlett ER. Mount GJ. Glass ionomers in contemporary restorative dentistry--a clinical update. J Calif Dent Assoc 2003;31: 483-92.
  • 5. Sangappa VM, Dhanya Kumar NM, Shivanna V. A spectrophotometric evaluation of effectiveness of surface protection for resin modified glass ionomer cement an in vitro study. J Conserv Dent 2005;8: 15-23.
  • 6. Mensudar R, Sukumaran VG. To evaluate the effect of surface coating on three different types glass ionomer restorations. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8: 445-9.
  • 7. Diem VT, Tyas MJ, Hien CN, Phuong LH, Khanh ND. The effect of a nano-filled resin coating on the 3-year clinical performance of a conventional high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement. Clin Oral Invest 2014;18: 753-9.
  • 8. Catelan A, Briso AL, Sundfeld RH, Dos Santos PH. Effect of artificial aging on the roughness and microhardness of sealed composites. J Esthet Restor Dent 2010;22: 324-30.
  • 9. Attar N. The effect of finishing and polishing procedures on the surface roughness of composite resin materials. J Contemp Dent Pract 2007;8: 27-35.
  • 10. Cilli R, de Mattos MC, Honorio HM, Rios D, de Araujo PA, Prakki A. The role of surface sealants in the roughness of composites after a simulated toothbrushing test. J Dent 2009;37: 970-7.
  • 11. Tiwari S, Nandlal B. Effect of nano-filled surface coating agent on fluoride release from conventional glass ionomer cement: an in vitro trial. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2013;31: 91-5.
  • 12. Guideline on Caries-risk Assessment and Management for Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2016;38:142-9.
  • 13. Gui Y, Zhao X, Li S, Tang L, Gong X. Fluoride release and recharge properties of six restorative materials. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2015;50: 28-32.
  • 14. Hasan AMHR, Sidhu SK, Nicholson JW. Fluoride release and uptake in enhanced bioactivity glass ionomer cement ("glass carbomer™") compared with conventional and resin-modified glass ionomer cements. J Appl Oral Sci 2019;27: e20180230.
  • 15. Gill NC, Pathak A. Comparative evaluation of the effect of topical fluorides on the microhardness of various restorative materials: an in vitro study. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2010;28: 193-9.
  • 16. Botta AC, Mollica FB, Ribeiro CF, de Araujo MAM, Di Nicoló R, Balducci I. Influence of topical acidulated phosphate fluoride on surface roughness of human enamel and different restorative materials. Rev odonto ciênc 2010;25: 83-7.
  • 17. Cehreli ZC, Yazici R, García-Godoy F. Effect of 1.23 percent APF gel on fluoride-releasing restorative materials. ASDC J Dent Child 2000;67: 330-7.
  • 18. Carlen A, Nikdel K, Wennerberg A, Holmberg K, Olsson J. Surface characteristics and in vitro biofilm formation on glass ionomer and composite resin. Biomaterials 2001; 22: 481-7.
  • 19. Teughels W, Van Assche N, Sliepen I, Quirynen M. Effect of material characteristics and/or surface topography on biofilm development. Clin Oral Implants Res 2006;17: 68-81.
  • 20. Khosla E, Kuriakose S, Suderasen C. Surface micromorphological changes of glass ionomer following application of 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride: a scanning electron microscope study. Indian J Dent Res 2014;25: 493-8.
  • 21. Lohbauer U. Dental Glass Ionomer Cements as Permanent Filling Materials? —Properties, Limitations and Future Trends. Materials 2010;3: 76-96.
  • 22. Pacifici E, Bossù M, Giovannetti A, La Torre G, Guerra F, Polimeni A. Surface roughness of glass ionomer cements indicated for uncooperative patients according to surface protection treatment. Ann Stomatol 2014; 4: 250-8.
  • 23. Bagis B, Tüzüner T, Turgut S, Korkmaz FM, Baygın Ö, Bağış YH. Effects of protective resin coating on the surface roughness and color stability of resin-based restorative materials. Scientific World Journal 2014;5: 1-7.
  • 24. Rizzante FAP, Bombonatti JSF, Vasconcelos L, Porto, TS, Teich S, Mondelli RFL. Influence of resin-coating agents on the roughness and color of composite resins. J Prosthet Dent 2019;122: 332.e1-332.e5.
  • 25. Erdemir U, Yildiz E, Eren MM, Ozsoy A, Topcu FT. Effects of polishing systems on the surface roughness of tooth-colored materials. J Dent Sci 2013;8: 160-9.
  • 26. Mallya P, Acharya S, Ballal V, Ginjupalli K, Ginjupalli K, Thomas M. Profilometric study to compare the effectiveness of various finishing and polishing techniques on different restorative glass ionomer cements. J Interdiscip Dentistry 2013;3: 86-90.
  • 27. Bayrak GD, Sandalli N, Selvi-Kuvvetli S, Topcuoglu N, Kulekci G. Effect of two different polishing systems on fluoride release, surface roughness and bacterial adhesion of newly developed restorative materials. J Esthet Restor Dent 2017 12;29: 424-34.
  • 28. Bollen CML, Lambrechts P, Quirynen M. Comparison of surface roughness of oral hard materials to the threshold surface roughness for bacterial retention: a review of the literature. Dent Mater 1997;13: 258-69.
  • 29. Ozdemir-Ozenen D, Sungurtekin E, Issever H, Sandalli N. Surface roughness of fluoride-releasing restorative materials after topical fluoride application. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2013;14: 68-72.
  • 30. Soeno K, Matsumura H, Atsuta M, Kawasaki K. Influence of acidulated phosphate fluoride agent and effectiveness of subsequent polishing on composite material surfaces. Oper Dent 2002;27: 305-10.
  • 31. Dionysopoulos D, Koliniotou-Koumpia E. Effect of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on the surface of dental nanocomposite restorative materials. J Nano R 2018; 51:1-12.
  • 32. Papagiannoulis L, Tzoutzas J, Eliades G. Effect of topical fluoride agents on the morphologic characteristics and composition of resin composite restorative materials. J Prosthet Dent 1997;774: 405-13.
  • 33. Rai R, Gupta R. In vitro evaluation of the effect of two finishing and polishing systems on four esthetic restorative materials. J Conserv Dent 2013;16: 564–7.
  • 34. De Witte AM, De Maeyer EA, Verbeeck RM. Surface roughening of glass ionomer cements by neutral NaF solutions. Biomaterials 2003;24: 1995–2000.
  • 35. Hosoya Y, Shiraishi T, Puppin-Rontani RM, Powers JM. Effects of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel application on surface roughness, gloss and colour of different type resin composites. J Dent 2011;39: 700-6.
  • 36. Yip HK, To WM, Smales RJ. Effects of artificial saliva and APF gel on the surface roughness of newer glass ionomer cements. Oper Dent 2004;29: 661-8.
  • 37. Yap AU, Mok BY. Effects of professionally applied topical fluorides on surface hardness of composite-based restoratives. Oper Dent 2002;27: 576-81.
  • 38. Neuman E, Garcia-Godoy F. Effect of APF gel on a glass ionomer cement: an SEM study. ASDC J Dent Child 1992;59: 289-95.
  • 39. Garcia-Godoy F, Leon de Perez S. Effect of fluoridated gels on a light-cured glass ionomer cement: an SEM study. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1993;17: 83-7.
  • 40. Reddy DS, Kumar RA, Venkatesan SM, Narayan GS, Duraivel D, Indra R. Influence of citric acid on the surface texture of glass ionomer restorative materials. J Conserv Dent 2014;17: 436–9.
  • 41. Yeh ST, Wang HT, Liao HY, Su SL, Chang CC, Kao HC, et al. The roughness, microhardness, and surface analysis of nanocomposites after application of topical fluoride gels. Dent Mater 2011;27: 187-96.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Dental
Journal Section Araştırma Makalesi
Authors

Gökçen Deniz BAYRAK This is me
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-0096-8375
Andorra


Elif YAMAN DOSDOĞRU This is me
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-9783-4084
Andorra


Dilek ÖZTÜRK This is me
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-5229-574X
Andorra


Yağmur YILDIRIM This is me
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-6474-1279
Andorra


Senem SELVİ KUVVETLİ This is me
YEDİTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, DİŞ HEKİMLİĞİ FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0001-7673-2142
Andorra

Publication Date October 15, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 30, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { ataunidfd743955, journal = {Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1300-9044}, eissn = {2667-5161}, address = {}, publisher = {Ataturk University}, year = {2020}, volume = {30}, number = {4}, pages = {557 - 563}, doi = {10.17567/ataunidfd.743955}, title = {THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE}, key = {cite}, author = {Bayrak, Gökçen Deniz and Yaman Dosdoğru, Elif and Öztürk, Dilek and Yıldırım, Yağmur and Selvi Kuvvetli, Senem} }
APA Bayrak, G. D. , Yaman Dosdoğru, E. , Öztürk, D. , Yıldırım, Y. & Selvi Kuvvetli, S. (2020). THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE . Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi , 30 (4) , 557-563 . DOI: 10.17567/ataunidfd.743955
MLA Bayrak, G. D. , Yaman Dosdoğru, E. , Öztürk, D. , Yıldırım, Y. , Selvi Kuvvetli, S. "THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE" . Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 30 (2020 ): 557-563 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ataunidfd/issue/57792/743955>
Chicago Bayrak, G. D. , Yaman Dosdoğru, E. , Öztürk, D. , Yıldırım, Y. , Selvi Kuvvetli, S. "THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE". Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 30 (2020 ): 557-563
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE AU - Gökçen Deniz Bayrak , Elif Yaman Dosdoğru , Dilek Öztürk , Yağmur Yıldırım , Senem Selvi Kuvvetli Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.17567/ataunidfd.743955 DO - 10.17567/ataunidfd.743955 T2 - Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 557 EP - 563 VL - 30 IS - 4 SN - 1300-9044-2667-5161 M3 - doi: 10.17567/ataunidfd.743955 UR - https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.743955 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE %A Gökçen Deniz Bayrak , Elif Yaman Dosdoğru , Dilek Öztürk , Yağmur Yıldırım , Senem Selvi Kuvvetli %T THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE %D 2020 %J Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1300-9044-2667-5161 %V 30 %N 4 %R doi: 10.17567/ataunidfd.743955 %U 10.17567/ataunidfd.743955
ISNAD Bayrak, Gökçen Deniz , Yaman Dosdoğru, Elif , Öztürk, Dilek , Yıldırım, Yağmur , Selvi Kuvvetli, Senem . "THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE". Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi 30 / 4 (October 2020): 557-563 . https://doi.org/10.17567/ataunidfd.743955
AMA Bayrak G. D. , Yaman Dosdoğru E. , Öztürk D. , Yıldırım Y. , Selvi Kuvvetli S. THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE. Ata Diş Hek Fak Derg. 2020; 30(4): 557-563.
Vancouver Bayrak G. D. , Yaman Dosdoğru E. , Öztürk D. , Yıldırım Y. , Selvi Kuvvetli S. THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE. Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi. 2020; 30(4): 557-563.
IEEE G. D. Bayrak , E. Yaman Dosdoğru , D. Öztürk , Y. Yıldırım and S. Selvi Kuvvetli , "THE EFFECT OF SURFACE COATING AGENT ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF RESTORATIVE MATERIALS EXPOSED TO ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE", Atatürk Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 557-563, Oct. 2020, doi:10.17567/ataunidfd.743955

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