Year 2021, Volume 24 , Issue 1, Pages 108 - 116 2021-03-21

GELENEKSEL VE TAMAMLAYICI TIP UYGULAMALARININ GÜLEN YÜZÜ: KAHKAHA YOGASI
The Small Face of Traditional and Complementary Medical Applications: Laughter Yoga

Zülfünaz ÖZER [1] , Sebahat ATEŞ [2]


Genellikle kahkaha, mutluluğun görsel bir şekilde anlatımı ya da sevinç duygusu olarak kabul edilmektedir. Gülmenin insan vücudunu fizyolojik ve psikolojik olarak olumlu yönde etkilediği bilinmektedir. Kahkaha yogasını, gevşeme ve nefes egzersizlerinin birleşmesinden oluşan nefes teknikleri ve koşulsuz kahkahadan oluşan egzersizler oluşmaktadır. Kahkaha yogası farklı hastalıklara (kanser, diyabetes mellitus vb) bağlı ortaya çıkan semptomların şiddetinin azaltılmasında ve mevcut durumun (stres) iyileştirilmesinde bir hemşirelik girişimi olarak uygulanabilmektedir. Sağlık alanında oluşan teknolojik gelişmeler ve bilgi artışı ile beraber hemşirelerin rol ve sorumluluklarında da değişiklikler olmuş, geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıbbın hemşirelik girişimi olarak uygulanabileceği bildirilmiştir. Kullanımı giderek yaygınlaşan ve etkileri kanıtlanan bir girişim olan kahkaha yogasına ilişkin Türkiye’de yapılmış çok az çalışmaya ulaşıldı. Bu derlemede, kahkaha yogası ve etkileri hakkında sağlık profesyonellerini bilgilendirmek, kanıta dayalı uygulamalar çerçevesinde sağlığın geliştirilmesinde nasıl kullanılacağını anlatmak amaçlandı.  

Laughter is usually acknowledged as a visual representation of happiness or feeling of joy. It is known that laughter positively effects human body physiologically and psychologically. Laughter yoga is an exercise composed of breathing techniques involving combination of relaxation and breathing exercises and unconditional laughter. Laughter yoga could be applied as a nursing intervention for decreasing severity of various disease (cancer, diabetes mellitus, etc.) symptoms and improving current condition (stress). Technological developments in health area and increased knowledge also changed the role and responsibilities of nurses; traditional and complementary medicine is reported as applications that can be used as nursing interventions. Laughter yoga application has been increasing and its effects are proven; however, there are only few studies on laughter yoga in Turkey in the literature. This review aimed to inform health professionals about laughter yoga and its effects, to represent how it could be used for improvement of health in context of evidence based practices.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Review
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-2431-2346
Author: Zülfünaz ÖZER (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL SABAHATTİN ZAİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8300-8037
Author: Sebahat ATEŞ
Institution: HEMŞİRELİK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : March 21, 2021

Vancouver Özer Z , Ateş S . GELENEKSEL VE TAMAMLAYICI TIP UYGULAMALARININ GÜLEN YÜZÜ: KAHKAHA YOGASI. Anadolu Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi. 2021; 24(1): 108-116.