Year 2020, Volume 34 , Issue 3, Pages 945 - 972 2020-07-15

Efficient Payment System Selection in Global Supply Chains and International Trade Management
Küresel Tedarik Zinciri Ve Uluslararası Ticaret Yönetiminde Verimli Ödeme Sistemi Seçimi

Işılay TALAY [1] , Orkun BAYRAM [2]


In this study, whether to make a cross-border payment in a global supply chain with SWIFT or block chain has been established via mathematical modeling. It is extremely important in supply chains to coordinate information and funds flow as well as physical flow of goods. It will be possible to achieve high performance in a global supply chain and international trade via timely and smooth execution of all flows. In this study we investigated the choice of the cross-border payment system based on the efficiency criteria to accomplish supply chain funds flow on time and without problems. In the model the dynamics of the two payment systems were expressed by means of probability distributions and other parameters. A comparison is then made according to the expected values of the total costs and risks generated by the two payment systems for the supply chain. It is recommended to choose the system with lower expected values of payment processing fee and total processing time. In addition, as the number of intermediary financial institutions taking part in the payment increases the decision mechanism favors block chain network, whereas it favors the SWIFT network as the total amount of funds to be transferred increases.
Bu çalışmada küresel tedarik zincirinde fon akışı için gerekli uluslararası ödemeleri gerçekleştirmek amacıyla kullanılabilecek iki ödeme sistemi olan SWIFT ağı ve blok zincir ağı tabanlı ödeme sistemlerinden hangisinin hangi koşullar altında seçilmesi gerektiği ile ilgili matematiksel modelleme yoluyla bir karar mekanizması oluşturulmuştur. Tedarik zincirlerinde ürün akışının yanında bilgi ve fon akışını da koordine edebilmek büyük önem taşımaktadır. Tüm akışların gecikmeden ve sorunsuz yürütülmesi ile küresel tedarik zinciri ve uluslararası ticaretin yönetiminde yüksek performans elde edilebilir. Bu çalışmada fon akışının zamanında ve sıkıntısız gerçekleştirilmesi için verimli ödeme sistemi seçimi kararı incelenmiştir. Modelde, bu iki ödeme sistemine ait dinamikler, olasılık dağılımları ve diğer parametreler vasıtasıyla ifade edilmiştir. SWIFT ve blok zincir ağı ödeme sistemleri arasında, bu sistemlerin tedarik zinciri için oluşturacakları toplam maliyet ve risklerin beklenen değerlerine göre kıyaslama yapılmıştır. Modelde, toplam ödeme işlem ücreti ve ödeme tamamlanma süresi beklenen değerlerinin daha düşük olduğu sistemin seçilmesi yönelimi gözlenmiştir. Bununla beraber, ödeme sürecinde görev alacak ve alıcı ve satıcıyı temsil edenler harici aracı finansal kurumların sayısı arttıkça blok zincir ağına, ödemede karşı tarafa aktarılacak olan fon miktarı yükseldikçe SWIFT ağına yönelme eğilimi gözlenmiştir.
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Social
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-8956-9505
Author: Işılay TALAY (Primary Author)
Institution: ANTALYA BİLİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9958-7822
Author: Orkun BAYRAM
Institution: ANTALYA BİLİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : July 15, 2020

APA Talay, I , Bayram, O . (2020). Küresel Tedarik Zinciri Ve Uluslararası Ticaret Yönetiminde Verimli Ödeme Sistemi Seçimi . Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi , 34 (3) , 945-972 . DOI: 10.16951/atauniiibd.704616