Research Article
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Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 368 - 388, 26.10.2020
https://doi.org/10.31682/ayna.711553

Abstract

Coping with depression, anxiety and stress is one of the most frequently studied topics in psychological counseling and psychotherapy. There are many approaches, principles and techniques for coping with those psychological problems. In this study, it was aimed to test the effectiveness of the Solution-Focused Guided Imagery technique in reducing the symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress levels of a group of university students. The research was carried out with experimental design and included 100 participants. Amongst them, 50 were in the experiment and the other half was in the control group. Within the scope of the study, all students were pretested, and assigned to the experimental and control groups based on their scores. In the research, Solution-Focused Guided Imagery technique was applied to the experimental group in four phases: a preparation, a follow-up and two sessions (first session twenty stages, second session twenty-two stages). After the experimental intervention, the post-test was applied to both groups, and four weeks later, a follow-up test was applied, as well. Findings have shown that the Solution-Focused Guided Imagery technique applied to the experimental group is effective and persistent in reducing depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of university students.

References

  • Ackerman, C. J., & Turkoski, B. (2000). Using guided imagery to reduce pain and anxiety. Home Healthcare Nurse, 18(8), 524-53.
  • Archer, C. O. A., & Swearingen, D. (1977). Application of Benjamin Franklin's decision‐making model to the clinical setting. Nursing Forum, 16(3-4), 319-328. 
  • Bell, R. J., Skinner, C. H., & Fisher, L. A. (2009). Decreasing putting yips in accomplished golfers via solution-focused guided imagery: A single-subject research design. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1(21), 1-14.
  • Bell, R. J., & Thompson, C. L. (2007). Solution-focused guided imagery for a golfer experiencing the yips: A case study. Athletic Insight, 1(9), 52-66.
  • Bilgel, N., & Bayram, N. (2010). Turkish version of the depression anxiety stress scale (DASS- 42): Psychometric properties. Archives of Neuropsychiatry, 47(2),118-26.
  • Bresler, D. E. (2001). Depression as emotional pain: A mind body approach. In J. Strohecker, & N. Strohecker (Eds.), Awaken your energy for life. New York: Perigree Press.
  • Butler, A. C., Chapman, J. E., Forman, E. M., & Beck, A. T. (2006). The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Clinical Psychology Review, 26(1), 17-31.
  • Carter, E. (2006). Pre-packaged guided imagery for stress reduction: Initial results. Counselling, Psychotherapy and Health, 2(2), 27-39.
  • CD-Cambridge Dictionary Online. (2020, 15 Şubat). Erişim adresi https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/image
  • de Shazer, S., Dolan, Y. M., Korman, H., Trepper, T. S., McCollum, E. E., & Berg, I. K. (2007). More than miracles: The state of the art of solution-focused therapy. New York: Haworth Press.
  • Eskin, M. (2009). Sorun çözme terapisi. Ankara: HYB yayınları.
  • Finucane, A., & Mercer, S. W. (2006). An exploratory mixed methods study of the acceptability and effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with active depression and anxiety in primary care. BMC Psychiatry, 7, 6-14.
  • Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (2008). If it changes it must be a process: Study of emotion and coping during three stages of a collage examination. In A.S.R. Manstead (Ed.), Psychology of emotions. London: Sage Publications.
  • Greenberg, L. S. (2015). Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
  • Hall, E., Hall, C., Stradling, P., & Young, D. (2006). Guided imagery creative interventions in counselling and psychotherapy. London: Sage Publications.
  • Henderson B. N., & Baum, A. (2005). Biological mechanisms of health and disease. In S. Sutton, A. Baum, & M. Johnston (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of health psychology. London: Sage Publications.
  • Jarvinen, P. J., & Gold, S. R. (1983). Imagery as an aid in reducing depression. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 37(3), 523-529.
  • Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion A. O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L. G., Fletcher, K. E., Pbert, L., Lenderking, W. R., & Santorelli, S. F. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149(7), 36-43.
  • Karamustafalıoğlu, O. ve Yumrukçal, H. (2011). Depresyon ve anksiyete bozuklukları. Şişli Etfal Hastanesi Tıp Bülteni, 2(45) , 65-74.
  • Köroğlu, E. (2007). DSM-IV-TR tanı ölçütleri başvuru el kitabı (2.baskı). Ankara: Hekimler Yayın Birliği.
  • Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scale. Sydney: The Psychological Foundation of Australia, Inc.
  • Melville, G. W., Chang, D., Colagiuri, B., Marshall, P. W., & Cheema, B. S. (2012). Fifteen minutes of chair-based yoga postures or guided meditation performed in the office can elicit a relaxation response. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012(6), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/501986.
  • O’Connell, B. (2010). Introduction to the solution-focused approach. In B. O’Conell, & S. Palmer, S. Handbook of solution-focused threapy. London: SAGE Pub. Ltd.
  • Owen, D. W. (2010). Spontaneous and guided imagery in counseling: Putting fantasy to work. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(33), 71-80.
  • Omizo, M. M., Omizo, S. A., & Kitaoka, S. K. (1998). Guided affective and cognitive imagery to enhance self-esteem among Hawaiian children. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 26(1), 52-62. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1998.tb00183.x
  • Ramli, M. (2017). The effectiveness of group solution-focused guided imagery counseling. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 118, 208-213.
  • Rees, B. L. (1995). Effect of relaxation with guided imagery on anxiety, depression, and self-esteem in primiparas. Journal of Holistic Nurse, 13(3), 255-267.
  • Sarı, E. (2019). Psikolojik danışma ve psikoterapi (5.baskı). Ankara: Vize Yayıncılık.
  • Sklare, G. B. (2005). Brief counseling that works: A Solution-focused therapy approach for school counselors and administrators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin ve ASCA.
  • Sklare, G. B., Sabella, R. A., & Petrosko, J. M. (2003). A preliminary study of group solution-focused guided imagery on recurring individual problems. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 28(4), 370-381.
  • Schwarzer, R., & Schulz, U. (2003). Stressful Life Events. I. B. Weiner (Ed.) Handbook of Psychology, Health Psychology (p. 27-50). New Jersey: Wiley and Sons.
  • Steptoe, A., & Ayers, S. (2005). Stress, health and illness. In S. Sutton, A. Baum and M. Johnston (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of health psychology. London: Sage Publications.
  • TDKGS-Türk Dil Kurumu Güncel Türkçe Sözlük. (2020, 15 Şubat). Erişim adresi https://sozluk.gov.tr/
  • Thackery, E., & Harris, E. (2003). The Gale encyclopedia of mental disorders. Detroit: Gale Thoits, P. A. (1995). Stress, coping, and social support processes. Where are we? What next? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, (Extra Issue), 53-79.
  • Tusek, D. L, Cwynar, R., & Cosgrove, D., M. (1999). Effect of guided imagery on length of stay, pain and anxiety in cardiac surgery patients. Journal of Cardiovasculer Management, 10(2), 22-8.
  • Türkçapar, H. (2004). Anksiyete bozukluğu ve depresyonun tanısal ilişkileri. Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi, 7 (Ek 4), 12-16.
  • Utay, J., & Miller, M. (2006). Guided imagery as an effective therapeutic technique: A brief review of its history and efficacy research. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 33(1), 40-43.
  • Varvogli, L., & Darviri, C. (2011). Stress management techniques: Evidence-based procedures that reduce stress and promote health. Health Science Journal, 5(2), 74-89.
  • Weigensberg, M. J., Lane, C. J., Winners, O., Wright, T., Nguyen-Rodriguez, S., Goran, M. I., & Spruijt-Metz, D. (2009). Acute effects of stress-reduction Interactive Guided ImagerySM on salivary cortisol in overweight Latino adolescents. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(3), 297-303.
  • Wilfley, D. E., & Shore, A. L. (2015). Interpersonal psychotherapy. In International Encyclopedia of the Social ve Behavioral Sciences, (pp. 631-636). https://doi.org/1.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.21065-9.

Çözüm Odaklı Yönlendirilmiş Betimlemenin Depresyon, Anksiyete ve Stres Üzerindeki Etkileri

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 368 - 388, 26.10.2020
https://doi.org/10.31682/ayna.711553

Abstract

Depresyon, anksiyete ve stres ile başa çıkma, psikolojik danışma ve psikoterapide sık çalışılan önemli konulardır. Depresyon, anksiyete ve stres ile başa çıkma konusunda pek çok yaklaşım, ilke ve teknik bulunmaktadır. Bu araştırmada Çözüm Odaklı Yönlendirilmiş Betimleme tekniğinin bir grup üniversite öğrencisinin depresyon, anksiyete ve stres belirtilerini azaltmada etkinliğinin sınanması amaçlanmıştır. Deneysel desen ile yürütülen araştırma 50’si deney, 50’si kontrol grubunda yer alan 100 katılımcı ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında tüm öğrencilere ön test uygulaması yapılmış, ardından öğrenciler aldıkları puanlara göre deney ve kontrol gruplarına ayrılmıştır. Araştırmada deney grubuna bir hazırlık, bir izleme ve iki oturum (ilk oturumu yirmi aşama, ikinci oturumu yirmi iki aşama) olmak üzere dört evre halinde Çözüm Odaklı Yönlendirilmiş Betimleme tekniği uygulanmıştır. Müdahale sonrasında, deney ve kontrol gruplarına son test uygulaması yapılmış, dört hafta sonra ise yine iki gruba izleme testi uygulanmıştır. Bu araştırmada elde edilen bulgular, deney grubuna uygulanan Çözüm Odaklı Yönlendirilmiş Betimleme tekniğinin depresyon, anksiyete ve stres üzerinde belirtilerini azaltma yönünde etkili ve kalıcı olduğunu göstermektedir.

References

  • Ackerman, C. J., & Turkoski, B. (2000). Using guided imagery to reduce pain and anxiety. Home Healthcare Nurse, 18(8), 524-53.
  • Archer, C. O. A., & Swearingen, D. (1977). Application of Benjamin Franklin's decision‐making model to the clinical setting. Nursing Forum, 16(3-4), 319-328. 
  • Bell, R. J., Skinner, C. H., & Fisher, L. A. (2009). Decreasing putting yips in accomplished golfers via solution-focused guided imagery: A single-subject research design. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 1(21), 1-14.
  • Bell, R. J., & Thompson, C. L. (2007). Solution-focused guided imagery for a golfer experiencing the yips: A case study. Athletic Insight, 1(9), 52-66.
  • Bilgel, N., & Bayram, N. (2010). Turkish version of the depression anxiety stress scale (DASS- 42): Psychometric properties. Archives of Neuropsychiatry, 47(2),118-26.
  • Bresler, D. E. (2001). Depression as emotional pain: A mind body approach. In J. Strohecker, & N. Strohecker (Eds.), Awaken your energy for life. New York: Perigree Press.
  • Butler, A. C., Chapman, J. E., Forman, E. M., & Beck, A. T. (2006). The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: A review of meta-analyses. Clinical Psychology Review, 26(1), 17-31.
  • Carter, E. (2006). Pre-packaged guided imagery for stress reduction: Initial results. Counselling, Psychotherapy and Health, 2(2), 27-39.
  • CD-Cambridge Dictionary Online. (2020, 15 Şubat). Erişim adresi https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/image
  • de Shazer, S., Dolan, Y. M., Korman, H., Trepper, T. S., McCollum, E. E., & Berg, I. K. (2007). More than miracles: The state of the art of solution-focused therapy. New York: Haworth Press.
  • Eskin, M. (2009). Sorun çözme terapisi. Ankara: HYB yayınları.
  • Finucane, A., & Mercer, S. W. (2006). An exploratory mixed methods study of the acceptability and effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with active depression and anxiety in primary care. BMC Psychiatry, 7, 6-14.
  • Folkman, S., & Lazarus, R. S. (2008). If it changes it must be a process: Study of emotion and coping during three stages of a collage examination. In A.S.R. Manstead (Ed.), Psychology of emotions. London: Sage Publications.
  • Greenberg, L. S. (2015). Emotion-focused therapy: Coaching clients to work through their feelings. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
  • Hall, E., Hall, C., Stradling, P., & Young, D. (2006). Guided imagery creative interventions in counselling and psychotherapy. London: Sage Publications.
  • Henderson B. N., & Baum, A. (2005). Biological mechanisms of health and disease. In S. Sutton, A. Baum, & M. Johnston (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of health psychology. London: Sage Publications.
  • Jarvinen, P. J., & Gold, S. R. (1983). Imagery as an aid in reducing depression. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 37(3), 523-529.
  • Kabat-Zinn, J., Massion A. O., Kristeller, J., Peterson, L. G., Fletcher, K. E., Pbert, L., Lenderking, W. R., & Santorelli, S. F. (1992). Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 149(7), 36-43.
  • Karamustafalıoğlu, O. ve Yumrukçal, H. (2011). Depresyon ve anksiyete bozuklukları. Şişli Etfal Hastanesi Tıp Bülteni, 2(45) , 65-74.
  • Köroğlu, E. (2007). DSM-IV-TR tanı ölçütleri başvuru el kitabı (2.baskı). Ankara: Hekimler Yayın Birliği.
  • Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scale. Sydney: The Psychological Foundation of Australia, Inc.
  • Melville, G. W., Chang, D., Colagiuri, B., Marshall, P. W., & Cheema, B. S. (2012). Fifteen minutes of chair-based yoga postures or guided meditation performed in the office can elicit a relaxation response. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012(6), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/501986.
  • O’Connell, B. (2010). Introduction to the solution-focused approach. In B. O’Conell, & S. Palmer, S. Handbook of solution-focused threapy. London: SAGE Pub. Ltd.
  • Owen, D. W. (2010). Spontaneous and guided imagery in counseling: Putting fantasy to work. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 4(33), 71-80.
  • Omizo, M. M., Omizo, S. A., & Kitaoka, S. K. (1998). Guided affective and cognitive imagery to enhance self-esteem among Hawaiian children. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 26(1), 52-62. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1998.tb00183.x
  • Ramli, M. (2017). The effectiveness of group solution-focused guided imagery counseling. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 118, 208-213.
  • Rees, B. L. (1995). Effect of relaxation with guided imagery on anxiety, depression, and self-esteem in primiparas. Journal of Holistic Nurse, 13(3), 255-267.
  • Sarı, E. (2019). Psikolojik danışma ve psikoterapi (5.baskı). Ankara: Vize Yayıncılık.
  • Sklare, G. B. (2005). Brief counseling that works: A Solution-focused therapy approach for school counselors and administrators. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin ve ASCA.
  • Sklare, G. B., Sabella, R. A., & Petrosko, J. M. (2003). A preliminary study of group solution-focused guided imagery on recurring individual problems. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 28(4), 370-381.
  • Schwarzer, R., & Schulz, U. (2003). Stressful Life Events. I. B. Weiner (Ed.) Handbook of Psychology, Health Psychology (p. 27-50). New Jersey: Wiley and Sons.
  • Steptoe, A., & Ayers, S. (2005). Stress, health and illness. In S. Sutton, A. Baum and M. Johnston (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of health psychology. London: Sage Publications.
  • TDKGS-Türk Dil Kurumu Güncel Türkçe Sözlük. (2020, 15 Şubat). Erişim adresi https://sozluk.gov.tr/
  • Thackery, E., & Harris, E. (2003). The Gale encyclopedia of mental disorders. Detroit: Gale Thoits, P. A. (1995). Stress, coping, and social support processes. Where are we? What next? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, (Extra Issue), 53-79.
  • Tusek, D. L, Cwynar, R., & Cosgrove, D., M. (1999). Effect of guided imagery on length of stay, pain and anxiety in cardiac surgery patients. Journal of Cardiovasculer Management, 10(2), 22-8.
  • Türkçapar, H. (2004). Anksiyete bozukluğu ve depresyonun tanısal ilişkileri. Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi, 7 (Ek 4), 12-16.
  • Utay, J., & Miller, M. (2006). Guided imagery as an effective therapeutic technique: A brief review of its history and efficacy research. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 33(1), 40-43.
  • Varvogli, L., & Darviri, C. (2011). Stress management techniques: Evidence-based procedures that reduce stress and promote health. Health Science Journal, 5(2), 74-89.
  • Weigensberg, M. J., Lane, C. J., Winners, O., Wright, T., Nguyen-Rodriguez, S., Goran, M. I., & Spruijt-Metz, D. (2009). Acute effects of stress-reduction Interactive Guided ImagerySM on salivary cortisol in overweight Latino adolescents. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 15(3), 297-303.
  • Wilfley, D. E., & Shore, A. L. (2015). Interpersonal psychotherapy. In International Encyclopedia of the Social ve Behavioral Sciences, (pp. 631-636). https://doi.org/1.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.21065-9.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Psychology
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Enver SARI
GİRESUN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7623-6832
Türkiye


Gizem UYUMAZ (Primary Author)
Giresun University
0000-0003-0792-2289
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Giresun Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimi
Project Number EĞT-BAP-A-230218-57
Thanks Giresun Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinasyon Birimine çalışmamıza yapmış olduğu katkılardan dolayı teşekkür ederiz.
Publication Date October 26, 2020
Application Date March 30, 2020
Acceptance Date June 23, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

APA Sarı, E. & Uyumaz, G. (2020). Çözüm Odaklı Yönlendirilmiş Betimlemenin Depresyon, Anksiyete ve Stres Üzerindeki Etkileri . AYNA Klinik Psikoloji Dergisi , 7 (3) , 368-388 . DOI: 10.31682/ayna.711553