Year 2015, Volume 5 , Issue 1, Pages 81 - 94 2015-07-13

Is There Any Room for Spatial Intuition in Riemann’s Philosophy of Geometry?

Dinçer Çevik [1]


In his famous Habilitationsvortrag Riemann underlines important points on the very nature of space with respect to philosophy, mathematics, and physics. Although Riemann’s greatness in mathematics has been well acknowledged, and the importance and implications of his geometry studied widely by philosophers, the same does not seem to be true of his philosophy of geometry. In part, this paper is motivated by this very fact. In his Habilitationsvortrag Riemann sets aside the usual approaches that had been taken until then, and instead tries out new ideas and approaches. Riemann thought that while Euclidean geometry made an interesting proposal for the construction of a theory of space, there was in fact no a priori connection between the concept of space and the axioms of Euclidean geometry. He argued, then, that the fundamental concepts central to Euclidean geometry do not have to be part of every system of geometry imaginable. That is, the fundamental concepts of Euclidean geometry should not be thought of as necessary for the construction of all possible systems of geometry. Riemann wanted to depict nature from the perspective of its inner structures and one aspect of this endeavor entailed questioning the nature of space and geometry from heterogeneous points.
Kant, Riemann, manifold, spatial intuition, space.
  • Bağçe, S. (2003). Russell’ın Kant Eleştirisi Üzerine. Felsefe Tartışmaları, 30, 29-38.
  • Bağçe, S. (2004). Are Non-Euclidean Geometries Possible For Kant? Muğla Üniversitesi Uluslararası Kant Sempozyumu Bildirileri (ed. N. Reyhani). Ankara: Vdi Yayınları.
  • Bottazini, U. (1994). Geometry and Metaphysics of Space in Gauss and Riemann. Romanticism in Science (eds. S.Poggi & M. Rossi). Dordrecht: Kluwer, 15-29.
  • Friedman, M. (1985). Kant’s Theory of Geometry. Philosophical Review, 94 (4), 455-506.
  • Friedman, M. (1992). Kant and the Exact Sciences. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Friedman, M. (1999). Reconsidering Logical Positivism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kant, I. (1965). Critique of Pure Reason (trans. N. K. Smith) New York: St Martin’s Press.
  • Kant, I. (2008). Arı Usun Eleştirisi (çev. A. Yardımlı).İstanbul: İdea Yayınevi.
  • Laugwitz, D. (1999). Bernhard Riemann 1826-1866: Turning Points in the Conception of Mathematics. Boston: Birkhauser.
  • Reyhani, N.( 2010). Sentetik A Priori: Tarihsel Arkaplanı ve Bugün İçin Anlamı. Bilgi Felsefesi (eds. B. Çotuksöken & A. Tunçel). İstanbul: Heyamola Yayınları, 211-251.
  • Riemann, B. (1929). On the Hypotheses which Lie at the Foundations of Geo-metry. A Source Book in Mathematics (ed. D. E. Smith). New York: McGraw-Hill, 411-425.
  • Spivak, M. (1975). A comprehensive Introduction to Differential Geometry, Vol 2. Bos-ton: Publish or Perish Inc.
  • Torretti, R. (1978). Philosophy of Geometry from Riemann to Poincare. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.
  • Wiredu, J. E. (1970). Kant’s Synthetic A Priori in Geometry and the Rise of Non-Euclidean Geometries. Kantstudien, 61 (1), 5-6.
Primary Language tr
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: Dinçer Çevik

Dates

Publication Date : July 13, 2015

APA Çevik, D . (2015). Is There Any Room for Spatial Intuition in Riemann’s Philosophy of Geometry?. Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy , 5 (1) , 81-94 . DOI: 10.18491/bijop.90919