Year 2020, Volume 13 , Issue 1, Pages 9 - 18 2020-04-15

Vascular plant diversity of the Alanya Castle walls and their ecological effects
Alanya Kalesi duvarlarının vasküler bitki çeşitliliği ve ekolojik etkileri

Ahmet AKSOY [1] , Jale ÇELİK [2]


Since historical buildings are living mirrors of the past, it is very important to preserve and transfer them to future generations. In this study, plants growing on the walls of Alanya Castle were identified and the damages that these plants gave to the historical construction and the precautions to be taken to prevent these damages were emphasized. A total of 94 plant taxa, including five pteridophytes, one gymnosperm and 88 angiosperms, belonging to 35 families were identified on the walls of Alanya Castle. Conyza canadensis, Inula heterolepis, Phagnalon graecum, Arabis verna, Mercurialis annua, Fumaria parviflora, Cymbalaria microcalyx, Galium canum subsp. antalyense, Parietaria judaica, Hyoscyamus aureus, Poa bulbosa were the dominant plant species of Alanya Castle walls. Possible seed dispersion of these plants on the castle walls and the methods for controlling them are discussed in detail. We conclude that the most effective method of combating plants that grow naturally on historical buildings and give damage to these buildings is mechanical excavation.
Tarihi yapılar geçmişin yaşayan aynaları olduklarından, onları korumak ve gelecek nesillere aktarmak çok önemlidir. Bu çalışmada 2015-2017 tarihleri arasında Alanya Kalesi duvarları üzerinde yayılış gösteren bitkiler belirlenerek, bu bitkilerin tarihi yapılara verdikleri zararlar ve bu zararları önlemek için alınması gereken tedbirler üzerinde durulmuştur. Alanya Kalesi duvarlarında 35 familyaya ait 5 eğrelti, bir açık tohumlu ve 88 kapalı tohumlu olmak üzere toplam 94 bitki taksonu belirlenmiştir. Conyza canadensis, Inula heterolepis, Phagnalon graecum, Arabis verna, Mercurialis annua, Fumaria parviflora, Cymbalaria microcalyx, Galium canum subsp. antalyense, Parietaria judaica, Hyoscyamus aureus, Poa bulbosa Alanya Kalesi duvarlarının dominant bitki türlerdir. Bu bitkilerin kale duvarları üzerine taşınım yolları ve bitkilerle mücadele yöntemleri detaylı şekilde tartışılmıştır. Tarihi yapılarda doğal olarak yetişen ve bu yapılara zarar veren bitkilerle mücadelede en etkili yöntemin mekanik mücadele olduğu anlaşılmıştır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9696-7122
Author: Ahmet AKSOY
Institution: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3624-2146
Author: Jale ÇELİK (Primary Author)
Institution: AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Thanks We wish to thank Dr. Bekir Kabasakal for his ecological contributions and language editing.
Dates

Application Date : May 3, 2020
Acceptance Date : May 7, 2020
Publication Date : April 15, 2020

APA Aksoy, A , Çeli̇k, J . (2020). Vascular plant diversity of the Alanya Castle walls and their ecological effects . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 13 (1) , 9-18 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon/issue/54133/731423