Year 2017, Volume 10 , Issue 2, Pages 20 - 25 2017-08-15

A new basin management concept for Turkey: National basin management strategy

Bayram HOPUR [1]

Turkey has been divided into 25 hydrological basins and total average annual flow from these basins amounts to 186 billion m3. According to DSI data, 36% of the 112 billion m3 available water resources in Turkey is utilized at present, of which 32 billion m3 is used for irrigation, 7 billion m3 for drinking and domestic purposes, and 5 billion m3for industrial purposes. The basin management approaches and projects implemented after the 1990s focused on the combination of conservation and rehabilitation of natural resources and development of low-income rural communities dependent on the use of these resources for their livelihood, by adopting a participatory planning and implementation approach. Basin Master Plans, River Basin Protection Action Plans and River Basin Management Plans are basic plans that are prepared and implemented in Turkey through integrated basin management approach. In the light of the above assessments, National Basin Management Strategy NBMS aims at defining a set of policies for sustainable management of Turkey’s basins, as supported by results focused and concrete objectives, and the goals to be attained to achieve the objectives together with the agencies responsible for attaining these goals; and encouraging and supporting the public sector, private sector and non-governmental organizations to act in cooperation through a coordinated and participatory approach. NBMS will be implemented between 2015 and 2023. Objective and scope of NBMS; strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of basin management; criteria for prioritizing basin areas and investments; spatial framework in basin management; institutional structure; adaptation of basin management to climate change and monitoring and evaluation systems were determined in NBMS. This article includes Summary of NBMS, criteria for prioritizing basin areas and investments and 2023 NBMS Goals and a key NBMS project “Sustainable Land Management and Climate Friendly Agriculture Project”
NBMS, sustainable land management, rehabilitation, restoration
  • Hopur, B., Orhan, C., Acarturk, S. 2014. Monitoring and Evaluation System’s Examination in Integrated Watershed Rehabilitation Projects (Sample of Murat River Watershed Rehabilitation Project), p. 422-437, Çankırı, Turkey.
  • Orhan, C., Acarturk, S., Hopur, B., 2014. Göksu River Watershed Integrated Rehabilitation Project, I. National Basin Management Symposium, p. 159-176, Çankırı, Turkey
  • Temiz, M., Erkmen, S. 2009. Watershed Rehabilitation Projects, International Workshop on Urbanisation, Land Use, Land Degradation, and Environment” p. 143,152, 28th Sept-01st October 2009, Denizli, Turkey.
  • Temiz, M., Erkmen, S., Hopur, B. 2009. Watershed Rehabilitation and Turkey Implementations, I. National Western Black Sea Forestry Congress”, p. 344-355, 5-7 October 2009, Bartın, Turkey.
  • CEM 2012. National Basin Management Strategy preparation workshop and meetings reports, 2012, Integrated Project Division Directorate, General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion Control (CEM).
  • DSI 2015. Reports and institutional data of The General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works (DSI), 2015.
  • OGM 2015. Reports and institutional data of The General Directorate of Forestry (OGM), 2015.
  • Official Statement, Official Statement of National Basin Management Strategy, 2014 (Official Journal of Turkey Republic, 23.07.2014, No: 29050)
  • Official Statement, Official Statement of Basin Management Committee’s Organization, Services and Working Principles, 2015 (Official Journal of Turkey Republic, 20.05.2015, No: 29361).
Primary Language en
Journal Section Research Article

Author: Bayram HOPUR
Institution: General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion, 06510, Ankara, Turkey


Application Date : April 23, 2021
Acceptance Date : April 23, 2021
Publication Date : August 15, 2017

APA Hopur, B . (2017). A new basin management concept for Turkey: National basin management strategy . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , Supplement 2 , 20-25 . Retrieved from