Research Article
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Altı Muscari türü (Asparagaceae) üzerine karşılaştırmalı anatomik ve morfolojik çalışmalar

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 2, 141 - 150, 15.08.2019

Abstract

Bu çalışmada, altı Muscari türünün anatomik ve morfolojik özellikleri incelendi ve bu karakterlerin desteği ile taksonomik akraba ilişkileri tayin edildi. Muscari macrocarpum hariç, diğerleri ülkemiz için endemik olup, bu türler M. bourgaei, M. sandrasicum, M. racemosum, M. turcicum ve M. vuralii olarak sayılabilir. Morfometrik analizler kapsamında, çok sayıda morfolojik ve anatomik karakter kullanılarak Muscari türlerinin karakteristiğini belirlemek için oluşturulan dendogram bu karakterler hakkında çok önemli bilgiler verdi. Taksonomik olarak elde edilen sonuçlar, anlamlı olarak, Türkiye Florası’nda önceki taksonomik belirlemeleri destekledi. Sonuçlar, taksonların steril çiçekler, sapdaki kalın kutikula ve iki sıralı iletim demeti gibi özellikler bakımından benzer olduğunu gösterdi. Ancak, sap, yaprak ve çiçeklere ait bazı özelliklerin il olarak taksonlar arasında belirleyici karakterler olduğu ve bu taksonların birbirinden ayrılmasında taksonomik öneme sahip olduğu bulundu.

References

  • Garbari, F., Greuter, W. (1970). The taxonomy and typification of Muscari Miller (Liliaceae) and allied genera, and on the typification of generic names. Taxon 19, 329–335.
  • Garbari, F. (1966). Contributo allo studio citologico dei Muscari Italiani. Caryologia 19, 419–428.
  • Garbari, F. (1968). Il genere Muscari (Liliaceae): contributo alla revisone citotassonomica. Giornale Botanico Italiano 102, 87–105.
  • Garbari, F. (1969). Nuove osservazioni citologiche sui generi Muscari Leopoldia. Giornale Botanico Italiano 103, 1–9.
  • Davis, P.H., Stuart, D.C. Muscari Miller. (1980). In Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M., & Webb, D.A. (Eds.), Flora Europaea 5. Cambridge University Press, London, pp. 46–49.
  • Davis, P.H. (1984) Muscari Mill. In Davis, P.H. (Ed.) Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands 8. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 245–265.
  • Speta, F. (1982). Uber die Abgrenzung und Gliederung der Gattung Muscari und uber ihre Beziehungen zu anderen Vertretern der Hyacinthaceae. Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik 103, 247–291.
  • Speta, F. (1989). Muscari (subg. Leopoldia) mirum Speta, spec. nov., im Kreise seiner nachsten Verwandten. Phyton, 29, 105–117.
  • Pfosser, M., Speta, F. (1999). Phylogenetics of Hyacinthaceae based on plastid DNA sequences. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 86, 852–875.
  • Tanker, N., Koyuncu, M., Coskun, M. (1998). Farmasötik Botanik, Ankara: Ankara Universitesi Eczacılık Fakültesi Yayınları, Ders Kitapları.
  • Nakano, M., Tanaka, S., Kagami, S., Saito, H. (2005). Plantlet regeneration from protoplast of Muscari armeniacum Leichtl. ex Bak. Plant Biotechnology Journal 22, 249–251. https://doi 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.22.249.
  • Miadokova, E., Masterova, I., Vlckova, V., Duhova, V., Toth, J. (2002). Antimutagenic potential of homoisoflavonoids from Muscari racemosum. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81, 381–386.
  • Yildirim, H. (2015). Muscari atillae (Asparagaceae): a new species from Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Phytotaxa 213, 291–295. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.213.3.9
  • Eker, I. Muscari, Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., Babaç, M.T. (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler), İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği yayını.
  • Herrmann, N., Weiss, G., Durka, W. (2006). Biological flora of Central Europe: Muscari tenuiflorum Tausch. Flora 201, 81–101. doi:10.1016/j.flora.2005.03.002.
  • Gursoy, M., Şık, L. (2010). Comparative anatomical studies on Muscari armeniacum Leichtlin ex Baker and Muscari neglectum Guss. in West Anatolia. Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 6, 61–72.
  • Doğu, S., Dinc, M., Ayval, U. (2011). Anatomical characteristics of Bellevalia mathewii Özhatay & Koçak (Liliaceae). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 4, 14–18.
  • Sezer, O., Ozgisi, K., Yaylaci, O.K., Koyuncu, O. (2013). Some morpho-anatomical studies on rare endemic Muscari sivrihisardaghlarensis. Biological Diversity and Conservation 6, 26–33.
  • Vardar, Y. (1987). Botanikte Preparasyon Tekniği, Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Basımevi.
  • Clarke, K.R., Warwick, R.M. (1994). Change in marine communities: An approch to statical analysis and interpretation, Swindon, Natural Environment Research Council.
  • Clarke, K.R., (1993). Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology 18, 117–143. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.1993.tb00438.x.
  • Karlén, T. (1987). Muscari sandrasicum (Liliaceae), a new species from Turkey. Willdenowia 16, 375–382.
  • Uysal, T., Ertuğrul, K., Dural, H., Kucukoduk, M. (2007). Muscari turcicum (Liliaceae/Hyacinthaceae), a new species from south Anatolia, Turkey. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 154, 233–236. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00646.x.
  • Dogu, S., Bagci, Y. (2009). Muscari vuralii sp nov (Liliaceae/Hyacinthaceae) from South Anatolia, Turkey. Nordic Journal of Botany 27, 243–246. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2009.00427.x.
  • Dogu, S., Dinc, M. (2013). Anatomical characteristics of Muscari vuralii Y. Bagcı & Doğu (Hyacinthaceae). Modern Phytomorphology 3, 29–33.
  • Cutter, E.G. (1971). Plant anatomy: Experiment and interpretation, Part 2, Organs. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  • Lynch, A.H., Rudall, P.J., Cutler, D.F. (2006). Leaf anatomy and systematics of Hyacinthaceae. Kew Bulletin 61, 145–159.
  • Peruzzi, L., Caparelli, K.F., Cesca, G. (2007). Contribution to the systematic knowledge of the genus Ornithogalum L. (Hyacinthaceae): morpho-anatomical variability of the leaves among different taxa. Bocconea 21, 257–265.
  • Kahraman, A., Celep, F., Dogan, M., Koyuncu, M. (2010). Morpho-anatomical studies on Bellevalia paradoxa Boiss. belonging to Liliaceae. Australian Journal of Crop Science 4, 150–154.
  • Soykan, A., Meric, C. (2012). Morphological and anatomical studies of Tulipa orphanidea (Liliaceae). Phytologia Balcanica 18, 43–48.
  • Nawaz, T., Hameed, M., Waqar-U-Nisa, Ahmad, M.S.A., Younis, A., Kanwal, H. (2012). Comparative Anatomy of Root and Stem of Some Native and Exotic Asparagus L. Species. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 153–158.
  • Raycheva, T., Stojanov, K. (2013). Comparative Anatomical Study of Five Species of Genus Asparagus in Bulgaria. Trakia Journal of Sciences 2, 104–109.
  • Tekin, M., Meric, C. (2013). Morphological and anatomical investigations on endemic Hyacinthella acutiloba in Turkey. Biological Diversity and Conservation 6, 161–168.
  • Akyol, Y., Yetisen, K. and Ozdemir, C. (2014). The Morphological and Anatomical Studies on Fritillaria caucasica J.F. Adam (Liliaceae). Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Dergisi 9, 12–19,
  • Citak, B.Y., Dural, H., Buyukkartal, H.N. and Pinar, N.M. (2015). Morphological, anatomical, palynological, and micromorphological characters of 2 endemic species of Ornithogalum (O. chetikianum and O. demirizianum) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 39(1), 48–59. doi:10.3906/bot-1401-35
  • Selvi, S., Erdogan, E., Daskin, R. (2008). Morphological, anatomical and ecological studies on Hyacinthella lineata (Liliaceae). Ekoloji 17, 24–32.
  • Yetisen, K., Ozdemir, C., Kucukoduk, M., Akyol, Y. (2012). A morphological and anatomical study of Hyacinthella glabrescens (Liliaceae). Phytologia Balcanica 18, 319–322.
  • Guvenc, A., Coskun, M., Arıhan, O. (2011). Anatomical structure of cladodes of Ruscus L. taxa (Liliaceae) in Turkey. FABAD Journal of Pharmaceutical Science 36, 119–128.
  • Kauff, F., Rudall, P.J., Conran, J.C. (2000). Systematic root anatomy of Asparagales and other monocotyledons. Plant Systematic and Evolution 223, 139–154.
  • Jafari, A., Maassoumi, A.A., Bemani, M. (2008). A Biosystematical Investigation on Muscari species in Iran. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 7, 228–232.
  • Fuchsig, H. (1911). Vergleichende Anatomie der Vegetationsorgane der Lilioideen, Wien, Austria.
  • Coşkunçelebi, K., Kandemir, A. and Beyazoğlu, O. (2002). Numerical taxonomic study on Ornithogalum (Liliaceae) in Black Sea region of Turkey. Biologia 57, 449–454.
  • Makbul, S., Türkmen, Z., Coskuncelebi, K., Beyazoğlu, O. (2010). A Morfometric study on Scorzonera L. taxa (Asteraceae) from norteast Anatolia. Acta Botanica Croatia 69, 237–247.
  • Cheikh-Affene, Z.B., Haouala, F. and Harzallah-Skhiri, F., (2015). Morphometric variation and taxonomic identification of thirteen wild rose populations from Tunisia. Acta Botanica Croatia 74, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0008.
  • Hilpold, A., López-Alvarado, J., Garcia-Jacas, N., Farris, E. (2015). On the identity of Centaurea population on Procida Island, Italy: Centaurea corensis rediscovered. Plant Biosystems 149, 1025–1035. doi: 10.1080/11263504.2014.983578

Comparative anatomical and morphological studies on six Muscari species (Asparagaceae)

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 2, 141 - 150, 15.08.2019

Abstract

In this paper, the anatomical and morphological traits of six Muscari species were examined and the taxonomical relationships were assessed by assisting of these characters. Except from Muscari macrocarpum, the others are endemic species for our country and they could be counted as M. bourgaei, M. sandrasicum, M. racemosum, M. turcicum and M. vuralii. In scope of morphometric analyses, many numbers of morphologic and anatomic characters were used to determine the diagnostic of Muscari species and the created dendrogram gave very important information about them. Taxonomical obtained results supported the previous taxonomical assignments meaningfully in Flora of Turkey. The outcomes revealed that the taxa were similar in some aspects with such as sterile flowers, thick cuticle of scape and two rowed vascular bundles of scape. However, some features belonging to scape, leaves and flowers were primarily diagnostic characters among taxa, and they were founded having taxonomic value in the distinction of these taxa from each other.

References

  • Garbari, F., Greuter, W. (1970). The taxonomy and typification of Muscari Miller (Liliaceae) and allied genera, and on the typification of generic names. Taxon 19, 329–335.
  • Garbari, F. (1966). Contributo allo studio citologico dei Muscari Italiani. Caryologia 19, 419–428.
  • Garbari, F. (1968). Il genere Muscari (Liliaceae): contributo alla revisone citotassonomica. Giornale Botanico Italiano 102, 87–105.
  • Garbari, F. (1969). Nuove osservazioni citologiche sui generi Muscari Leopoldia. Giornale Botanico Italiano 103, 1–9.
  • Davis, P.H., Stuart, D.C. Muscari Miller. (1980). In Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burges, N.A., Moore, D.M., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M., & Webb, D.A. (Eds.), Flora Europaea 5. Cambridge University Press, London, pp. 46–49.
  • Davis, P.H. (1984) Muscari Mill. In Davis, P.H. (Ed.) Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands 8. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 245–265.
  • Speta, F. (1982). Uber die Abgrenzung und Gliederung der Gattung Muscari und uber ihre Beziehungen zu anderen Vertretern der Hyacinthaceae. Botanische Jahrbücher fur Systematik 103, 247–291.
  • Speta, F. (1989). Muscari (subg. Leopoldia) mirum Speta, spec. nov., im Kreise seiner nachsten Verwandten. Phyton, 29, 105–117.
  • Pfosser, M., Speta, F. (1999). Phylogenetics of Hyacinthaceae based on plastid DNA sequences. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 86, 852–875.
  • Tanker, N., Koyuncu, M., Coskun, M. (1998). Farmasötik Botanik, Ankara: Ankara Universitesi Eczacılık Fakültesi Yayınları, Ders Kitapları.
  • Nakano, M., Tanaka, S., Kagami, S., Saito, H. (2005). Plantlet regeneration from protoplast of Muscari armeniacum Leichtl. ex Bak. Plant Biotechnology Journal 22, 249–251. https://doi 10.5511/plantbiotechnology.22.249.
  • Miadokova, E., Masterova, I., Vlckova, V., Duhova, V., Toth, J. (2002). Antimutagenic potential of homoisoflavonoids from Muscari racemosum. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 81, 381–386.
  • Yildirim, H. (2015). Muscari atillae (Asparagaceae): a new species from Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Phytotaxa 213, 291–295. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.213.3.9
  • Eker, I. Muscari, Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., Babaç, M.T. (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler), İstanbul: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği yayını.
  • Herrmann, N., Weiss, G., Durka, W. (2006). Biological flora of Central Europe: Muscari tenuiflorum Tausch. Flora 201, 81–101. doi:10.1016/j.flora.2005.03.002.
  • Gursoy, M., Şık, L. (2010). Comparative anatomical studies on Muscari armeniacum Leichtlin ex Baker and Muscari neglectum Guss. in West Anatolia. Celal Bayar University Journal of Science 6, 61–72.
  • Doğu, S., Dinc, M., Ayval, U. (2011). Anatomical characteristics of Bellevalia mathewii Özhatay & Koçak (Liliaceae). Biological Diversity and Conservation, 4, 14–18.
  • Sezer, O., Ozgisi, K., Yaylaci, O.K., Koyuncu, O. (2013). Some morpho-anatomical studies on rare endemic Muscari sivrihisardaghlarensis. Biological Diversity and Conservation 6, 26–33.
  • Vardar, Y. (1987). Botanikte Preparasyon Tekniği, Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Basımevi.
  • Clarke, K.R., Warwick, R.M. (1994). Change in marine communities: An approch to statical analysis and interpretation, Swindon, Natural Environment Research Council.
  • Clarke, K.R., (1993). Non-parametric multivariate analyses of changes in community structure. Australian Journal of Ecology 18, 117–143. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-9993.1993.tb00438.x.
  • Karlén, T. (1987). Muscari sandrasicum (Liliaceae), a new species from Turkey. Willdenowia 16, 375–382.
  • Uysal, T., Ertuğrul, K., Dural, H., Kucukoduk, M. (2007). Muscari turcicum (Liliaceae/Hyacinthaceae), a new species from south Anatolia, Turkey. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society 154, 233–236. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8339.2007.00646.x.
  • Dogu, S., Bagci, Y. (2009). Muscari vuralii sp nov (Liliaceae/Hyacinthaceae) from South Anatolia, Turkey. Nordic Journal of Botany 27, 243–246. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.2009.00427.x.
  • Dogu, S., Dinc, M. (2013). Anatomical characteristics of Muscari vuralii Y. Bagcı & Doğu (Hyacinthaceae). Modern Phytomorphology 3, 29–33.
  • Cutter, E.G. (1971). Plant anatomy: Experiment and interpretation, Part 2, Organs. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  • Lynch, A.H., Rudall, P.J., Cutler, D.F. (2006). Leaf anatomy and systematics of Hyacinthaceae. Kew Bulletin 61, 145–159.
  • Peruzzi, L., Caparelli, K.F., Cesca, G. (2007). Contribution to the systematic knowledge of the genus Ornithogalum L. (Hyacinthaceae): morpho-anatomical variability of the leaves among different taxa. Bocconea 21, 257–265.
  • Kahraman, A., Celep, F., Dogan, M., Koyuncu, M. (2010). Morpho-anatomical studies on Bellevalia paradoxa Boiss. belonging to Liliaceae. Australian Journal of Crop Science 4, 150–154.
  • Soykan, A., Meric, C. (2012). Morphological and anatomical studies of Tulipa orphanidea (Liliaceae). Phytologia Balcanica 18, 43–48.
  • Nawaz, T., Hameed, M., Waqar-U-Nisa, Ahmad, M.S.A., Younis, A., Kanwal, H. (2012). Comparative Anatomy of Root and Stem of Some Native and Exotic Asparagus L. Species. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 153–158.
  • Raycheva, T., Stojanov, K. (2013). Comparative Anatomical Study of Five Species of Genus Asparagus in Bulgaria. Trakia Journal of Sciences 2, 104–109.
  • Tekin, M., Meric, C. (2013). Morphological and anatomical investigations on endemic Hyacinthella acutiloba in Turkey. Biological Diversity and Conservation 6, 161–168.
  • Akyol, Y., Yetisen, K. and Ozdemir, C. (2014). The Morphological and Anatomical Studies on Fritillaria caucasica J.F. Adam (Liliaceae). Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Dergisi 9, 12–19,
  • Citak, B.Y., Dural, H., Buyukkartal, H.N. and Pinar, N.M. (2015). Morphological, anatomical, palynological, and micromorphological characters of 2 endemic species of Ornithogalum (O. chetikianum and O. demirizianum) in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 39(1), 48–59. doi:10.3906/bot-1401-35
  • Selvi, S., Erdogan, E., Daskin, R. (2008). Morphological, anatomical and ecological studies on Hyacinthella lineata (Liliaceae). Ekoloji 17, 24–32.
  • Yetisen, K., Ozdemir, C., Kucukoduk, M., Akyol, Y. (2012). A morphological and anatomical study of Hyacinthella glabrescens (Liliaceae). Phytologia Balcanica 18, 319–322.
  • Guvenc, A., Coskun, M., Arıhan, O. (2011). Anatomical structure of cladodes of Ruscus L. taxa (Liliaceae) in Turkey. FABAD Journal of Pharmaceutical Science 36, 119–128.
  • Kauff, F., Rudall, P.J., Conran, J.C. (2000). Systematic root anatomy of Asparagales and other monocotyledons. Plant Systematic and Evolution 223, 139–154.
  • Jafari, A., Maassoumi, A.A., Bemani, M. (2008). A Biosystematical Investigation on Muscari species in Iran. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences 7, 228–232.
  • Fuchsig, H. (1911). Vergleichende Anatomie der Vegetationsorgane der Lilioideen, Wien, Austria.
  • Coşkunçelebi, K., Kandemir, A. and Beyazoğlu, O. (2002). Numerical taxonomic study on Ornithogalum (Liliaceae) in Black Sea region of Turkey. Biologia 57, 449–454.
  • Makbul, S., Türkmen, Z., Coskuncelebi, K., Beyazoğlu, O. (2010). A Morfometric study on Scorzonera L. taxa (Asteraceae) from norteast Anatolia. Acta Botanica Croatia 69, 237–247.
  • Cheikh-Affene, Z.B., Haouala, F. and Harzallah-Skhiri, F., (2015). Morphometric variation and taxonomic identification of thirteen wild rose populations from Tunisia. Acta Botanica Croatia 74, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1515/botcro-2015-0008.
  • Hilpold, A., López-Alvarado, J., Garcia-Jacas, N., Farris, E. (2015). On the identity of Centaurea population on Procida Island, Italy: Centaurea corensis rediscovered. Plant Biosystems 149, 1025–1035. doi: 10.1080/11263504.2014.983578

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Burcu YILMAZ ÇITAK (Primary Author)
University of Selçuk, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Türkiye


Hüseyin DURAL
University of Selçuk, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Türkiye


Tuna UYSAL
University of Selçuk, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Türkiye

Publication Date August 15, 2019
Application Date February 4, 2019
Acceptance Date August 15, 2019
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 2

Cite

APA Yılmaz Çıtak, B. , Dural, H. & Uysal, T. (2019). Comparative anatomical and morphological studies on six Muscari species (Asparagaceae) . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 12 (2) , 141-150 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon/issue/59577/858199

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