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Endemik Silene tunicoides Boiss. (Caryophyllaceae) üzerine morfolojik, anatomik ve palinolojik araştırmalar

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 3, 111 - 118, 15.12.2019

Abstract

Mevcut çalışma, endemik Silene tunicoides’i anatomik, palinolojik ve mikromorfolojik yönlerden ilk defa incelemektedir. Morfolojik analizler ile türün deskripsiyonu, kaliks ve korolla boyutları, erkek ve dişi organ boyutları açısından önceki çalışmalardan farklı olarak genişletilmiştir. Anatomik analizler ile yaprak enine kesitlerinin şekli ve öz hücrelerinde nişasta tanelerinin varlığı farklı bulunmuştur. Polen ve tohum morfolojisi türleri ayırmada faydalıdır. Polen boyutları, por şekli ve yapısı, mikroekina sayısı ve ornamentasyonu polen özelliği bakımından en önemli olarak belirlenmiştir. Tohum şekli, sutur, yapısı, diş şekli ve boyutları en önemli tohum karakterleridir.

References

  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s plant-book (3th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Coode, M.J.E. & Cullen, J. (1967). Silene L. In P.H. Davis (Ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2. (1st ed., pp. 179–222). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Melzheimer, V. (1988). Caryophyllaceae: Silene L. In K.H. Rechinger (Ed.) Flora Iranica, Vol. 163. (pp. 341-508). Graz, Austria.
  • Townsend C. C., Melzheimer V., Kandemir A., Ghazanfar S. A., Haloob A. (2016). 90. Caryophyllaceae A.L. de Jussieu. In S.A., Ghazanfar & J.R. Ed-mondson (Eds.), Flora of Iraq 5(1), (pp. 6-123). Bagdad.
  • Aydın, Z., Ertekin, A.S., Långström, E. & Oxelman, B. (2014). A new section of Silene (Caryophyllaceae) including a new species from South Anatolia, Turkey. Phytotaxa, 178(2), 98-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.178.2.2
  • Fırat, M. & Yıldız, K. (2016). Silene miksensis (Caryophyllaceae), a new species from eastern Anatolia. Phytotaxa, 273(4), 283-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.273.4.4
  • Güner, E.D. & Duman, H. (2016). A new species from Turkey, Silene bilgilii (Caryophyllaceae). Phytotaxa, 246(4), 293-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.246.4.5
  • Budak, U., Koc, M. & Hamzaoglu, E. (2018). Silene goksuensis (Caryophyllaceae), a new species from south Turkey. Phytotaxa, 345(2): 170-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.345.2.9
  • Yıldız, K. (2001). Pollen morphology of Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 33(1), 13-25.
  • Yıldız, K. (2006). Morphological and palynological investigation of Silene gigantea L. var. gigantea and Silene behen L. (Caryophyllaceae) distributed in Western Anatolia and Northern Cyprus. Turkish Journal of Botany, 30(2), 105-119.
  • Yıldız, K., Dadandı, M.Y., Minareci, E. & Çırpıcı, A. (2011). Pollen morphology of sections Siphonomorpha and Lasiostemones of the genus Silene from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Bot., 35(6), 631-642. doi:10.3906/bot-1010-119
  • Şen, H., Bagci, Y. & Çıtak, B.Y. (2014). The investigation of morphological, anatomical and ecological properties of endemic Silene anatolica and Silene lycaonica. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 7(1), 47-60.
  • Keshavarzi, M., Mahdavinejad, M., Sheidai, M. & Gholipour, M.A. (2014). Anatomical study of some Silene L. species of Lasiostemones Boiss. section in Iran. Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 58(1),15–19.
  • Keshavarzi, M., Mahdavinejad, M., Sheidai, M. & Gholipour, M.A. (2015). Seed and pollen morphology of some Silene species in Iran. Phytologia Balcanica, 21(1), 7-12.
  • Dadandı, M.Y. & Yıldız, K. (2015). Seed morphology of some Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) species collected from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany, 39, 280-297. doi:10.3906/bot-1307-35
  • Atasagun, B., Aksoy, A. & Martin, E. (2016). Anatomical, palynological and karyological remarks of Silene brevicalyx and Silene ozyurtii (Caryophyllaceae). Phytotaxa, 270(2), 116-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.270.2.4
  • Kuh, M., Yıldız, K. & Minareci, E. (2017). A taxonomic study of the Silene sections Behenantha and Dichotomae (Caryophyllaceae) in Turkey based on the micromorphology of their seed and pollen. Turkish Journal of Botany, 41(5), 493-504. doi:10.3906/bot-1610-23
  • Davis, P.H., Mill, R.R. & Tan, K. (1988). Silene L. In P.H., Davis, R.R. Mill, & Tan, K. (Eds.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (Suppl.1), Vol. 10. (1st ed., pp. 76–81). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Johansen, D.A. (1940). Plant microtechnique. McGraw-Hill, New-York.
  • Wodehouse, R.P. (1935). Pollen grains. Mc Grew Hill, New York.
  • Punt, W., Hoen, P.P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. & Le Thomas, A. (2007). Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 143: 1-81.
  • Metcalfe, C.R. & Chalk, L. (1950). Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
  • Yıldız, K., Minareci, E. (2008). Morphological, anatomical, palynological and cytological investigation on Silene urvillei Schott. (Caryophyllaceae). Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 2(2), 41-46.
  • Kılıç, S. (2009). Anatomical and pollen characters in the genus Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey. Botany Research Journal, 2 (2–4), 34-44.
  • Sahreen, S., Khan, M.A., Meo, A.A. & Jabeen, A. (2008). Pollen morphology of the genus Silene (Sileneae Caryophyllaceae) from Pakistan. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 1–2, 74-85.
  • Yıldız, K., Cırpıcı, A. & Dadandı, M.Y. (2010). Pollen morphology of the Silene taxa (Caryophyllaceae) in four sections from Turkey. Phytologia Balcanica,16(1), 85-95.
  • Çıtak, B.Y. & Dural, H. (2019). The palynological traits of four endemic Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) species in Turkey. Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series C Biology, 28(1), 35-42.
  • Moore, P.D., Webb, J.A. & Collinson, M.E. (1997). An Illustrated guide to pollen analysis (2nd ed.). Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Yıldız, K. & Çırpıcı, A. (1998). Seed morphological studies in Silene L. from Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 30, 173-188.
  • Fawzi, N.M., Fawzy, A.M. & Mohamed, A.H.A. (2010). Seed morphological studies on some species of Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae). International Journal of Botany, 6(3), 287-292.

Morphological, anatomical and palynological investigations on endemic Silene tunicoides Boiss. (Caryophyllaceae)

Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 3, 111 - 118, 15.12.2019

Abstract

The current study deals with anatomical, palynological and micromorphological aspects of endemic Silene tunicoides for the first time. With morphological analysis, the descriptions of species were enlarged as different from previous studies in point of calyx and corolla dimensions, androecium and gynoecium dimensions. With anatomical analysis, the shape of leaves of cross sections, presence of starch grains in pith cells are found different. Pollen and seed morphology can be useful to distinguishing species. Pollen dimensions, pore shape and structure, microechinae number, ornamentation are the most important were determined as pollen traits. Seed shape, suture structure, surface, teeth shape and dimensions are the most valuable seed characteristics.

References

  • Mabberley, D. J. (2008). Mabberley’s plant-book (3th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Coode, M.J.E. & Cullen, J. (1967). Silene L. In P.H. Davis (Ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2. (1st ed., pp. 179–222). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Melzheimer, V. (1988). Caryophyllaceae: Silene L. In K.H. Rechinger (Ed.) Flora Iranica, Vol. 163. (pp. 341-508). Graz, Austria.
  • Townsend C. C., Melzheimer V., Kandemir A., Ghazanfar S. A., Haloob A. (2016). 90. Caryophyllaceae A.L. de Jussieu. In S.A., Ghazanfar & J.R. Ed-mondson (Eds.), Flora of Iraq 5(1), (pp. 6-123). Bagdad.
  • Aydın, Z., Ertekin, A.S., Långström, E. & Oxelman, B. (2014). A new section of Silene (Caryophyllaceae) including a new species from South Anatolia, Turkey. Phytotaxa, 178(2), 98-112. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.178.2.2
  • Fırat, M. & Yıldız, K. (2016). Silene miksensis (Caryophyllaceae), a new species from eastern Anatolia. Phytotaxa, 273(4), 283-292. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.273.4.4
  • Güner, E.D. & Duman, H. (2016). A new species from Turkey, Silene bilgilii (Caryophyllaceae). Phytotaxa, 246(4), 293-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.246.4.5
  • Budak, U., Koc, M. & Hamzaoglu, E. (2018). Silene goksuensis (Caryophyllaceae), a new species from south Turkey. Phytotaxa, 345(2): 170-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.345.2.9
  • Yıldız, K. (2001). Pollen morphology of Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 33(1), 13-25.
  • Yıldız, K. (2006). Morphological and palynological investigation of Silene gigantea L. var. gigantea and Silene behen L. (Caryophyllaceae) distributed in Western Anatolia and Northern Cyprus. Turkish Journal of Botany, 30(2), 105-119.
  • Yıldız, K., Dadandı, M.Y., Minareci, E. & Çırpıcı, A. (2011). Pollen morphology of sections Siphonomorpha and Lasiostemones of the genus Silene from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Bot., 35(6), 631-642. doi:10.3906/bot-1010-119
  • Şen, H., Bagci, Y. & Çıtak, B.Y. (2014). The investigation of morphological, anatomical and ecological properties of endemic Silene anatolica and Silene lycaonica. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 7(1), 47-60.
  • Keshavarzi, M., Mahdavinejad, M., Sheidai, M. & Gholipour, M.A. (2014). Anatomical study of some Silene L. species of Lasiostemones Boiss. section in Iran. Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 58(1),15–19.
  • Keshavarzi, M., Mahdavinejad, M., Sheidai, M. & Gholipour, M.A. (2015). Seed and pollen morphology of some Silene species in Iran. Phytologia Balcanica, 21(1), 7-12.
  • Dadandı, M.Y. & Yıldız, K. (2015). Seed morphology of some Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) species collected from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany, 39, 280-297. doi:10.3906/bot-1307-35
  • Atasagun, B., Aksoy, A. & Martin, E. (2016). Anatomical, palynological and karyological remarks of Silene brevicalyx and Silene ozyurtii (Caryophyllaceae). Phytotaxa, 270(2), 116-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.270.2.4
  • Kuh, M., Yıldız, K. & Minareci, E. (2017). A taxonomic study of the Silene sections Behenantha and Dichotomae (Caryophyllaceae) in Turkey based on the micromorphology of their seed and pollen. Turkish Journal of Botany, 41(5), 493-504. doi:10.3906/bot-1610-23
  • Davis, P.H., Mill, R.R. & Tan, K. (1988). Silene L. In P.H., Davis, R.R. Mill, & Tan, K. (Eds.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands (Suppl.1), Vol. 10. (1st ed., pp. 76–81). Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Johansen, D.A. (1940). Plant microtechnique. McGraw-Hill, New-York.
  • Wodehouse, R.P. (1935). Pollen grains. Mc Grew Hill, New York.
  • Punt, W., Hoen, P.P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. & Le Thomas, A. (2007). Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 143: 1-81.
  • Metcalfe, C.R. & Chalk, L. (1950). Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
  • Yıldız, K., Minareci, E. (2008). Morphological, anatomical, palynological and cytological investigation on Silene urvillei Schott. (Caryophyllaceae). Journal of Applied Biological Sciences, 2(2), 41-46.
  • Kılıç, S. (2009). Anatomical and pollen characters in the genus Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey. Botany Research Journal, 2 (2–4), 34-44.
  • Sahreen, S., Khan, M.A., Meo, A.A. & Jabeen, A. (2008). Pollen morphology of the genus Silene (Sileneae Caryophyllaceae) from Pakistan. Biological Diversity and Conservation, 1–2, 74-85.
  • Yıldız, K., Cırpıcı, A. & Dadandı, M.Y. (2010). Pollen morphology of the Silene taxa (Caryophyllaceae) in four sections from Turkey. Phytologia Balcanica,16(1), 85-95.
  • Çıtak, B.Y. & Dural, H. (2019). The palynological traits of four endemic Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae) species in Turkey. Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series C Biology, 28(1), 35-42.
  • Moore, P.D., Webb, J.A. & Collinson, M.E. (1997). An Illustrated guide to pollen analysis (2nd ed.). Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Yıldız, K. & Çırpıcı, A. (1998). Seed morphological studies in Silene L. from Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 30, 173-188.
  • Fawzi, N.M., Fawzy, A.M. & Mohamed, A.H.A. (2010). Seed morphological studies on some species of Silene L. (Caryophyllaceae). International Journal of Botany, 6(3), 287-292.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Büşra DARICI This is me
University of Selçuk, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Türkiye


Hüseyin DURAL
University of Selçuk, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Türkiye


Burcu YILMAZ ÇITAK (Primary Author)
University of Selçuk, Faculty of Science, Department of Biology
Türkiye

Publication Date December 15, 2019
Application Date December 28, 2018
Acceptance Date
Published in Issue Year 2019, Volume 12, Issue 3

Cite

APA Darıcı, B. , Dural, H. & Yılmaz Çıtak, B. (2019). Morphological, anatomical and palynological investigations on endemic Silene tunicoides Boiss. (Caryophyllaceae) . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 12 (3) , 111-118 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon/issue/59621/860162

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