Year 2021, Volume 14 , Issue 1, Pages 28 - 34 2021-04-15

Farklı kurutma sürelerinin Zufa/Çördük Otu (Hyssopus officinalis L.) bitkisinin verim ve uçucu yağ oranı uzerine etkisinin belirlenmesi

Nimet KATAR [1] , Duran KATAR [2] , Emel YILDIZ [3]


Bu araştırmanın amacı farklı kurutma sürelerinin zufa/çördük otu (Hyssopus officinalis L.) bitkisinin verim ve uçucu yağ oranı üzerine etkisinin belirlenmesidir. Tarla denemesi, Eskişehir ekolojik koşullarında tesadüf blokları deneme desenine göre 4 tekerrürlü olarak kurulmuştur. Hasat edeilen taze bitki örnekleri farklı sürelerle (taze herba, 24, 48 ve 72 saat) kurutma fırınında 35°C kurutulmuştur. Daha sonra, bitki örneklerinin uçucu yağ oranları Clevenger tipi cihaz kullanılarak su distilasyonu yöntemiyle belirlenmiştir. Yürütülen çalışmada, ortalama bitki boyu (cm), tek bitki verimi (g bitki-1), herba verimi (kg da-1), yaprak + çiçek verimi (kg da-1), uçucu yağ oranı (%) ve uçucu yağ verimi (L da-1) değerleri sırasıyla 60.63 cm, 242.69 g bitki-1, 1209.81 kg da-1, 487.06 kg da-1, % 0.50 ve 2.17 L da-1 olarak tespit edilmiştir. Sonuçlar; zufa bitkisinde farklı kurutma sürelerinin verim ve uçucu yağ oranı üzerinde etkili olduğunu göstermiştir.
hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.), different drying times, yield, essential oil content
  • Nanova, N., Slavova, Y., Nenkova, D. & Ivanova, I. (2007). Microclonal Propagation of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.). Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 13, 213-219.
  • Fathiazad, F., Mazandarani, M. & Hamedeyazdan, S. (2011). Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of Hyssopus officinalis L. from Iran, Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 1(2), 63-67.
  • Kürkçüoğlu, M., Eser, Ş.A. & Başer, K.H.C. (2016). Composition of the essential oil of the Hyssopus officinalis L. subsp. angustifolius (Bieb.) Arcangeli. Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils, 3(2), 15-19.
  • Zawislak, G. (2013). The Chemical Composition of Essential Hyssop Oil Depending on Plant Growth Stage. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 12(3), 161-170.
  • Said-Al Ahl, H.A.H., Abbas, Z.K., Sabra, A.S. & Tkachenko, K.G. (2015). Essential Oil Composition of Hyssopus officinalis L. Cultivated in Egypt. International Journal of Plant Science and Ecology, 1(2), 49-53.
  • Tavakoli, M. & Aghajani, Z. (2016). The effects of drought stress on the components of the essential oil of Hyssopus officinalis L. and determining the antioxidative properties of its water extracts. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 6(2), 31-36.
  • Mitic, V. & Dordevic, S. (2000). Essential oil composition of Hyssopus officinalis L. Cultivated in Serbia. Physics. Chemistry and Technology, 2(2), 105-108.
  • Kara, N., Baydar, H., Kayaalp, Ö., Boyar, S. & Bayhan, A.K. (2014). Güneşte ve Gölgede Kurutmanın Çördük Otu (Hyssopus officinalis L.) Uçucu Yağ Oranı ve Kompozisyonuna Etkileri. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, 18(1), 85-90.
  • Katar, N., Katar, D., Temel, R., Karakurt, S., Bolatkıran, İ., Yıldız, E. & Soltanbeigi, A. (2019). Farklı hasat zamanlarının biberiye (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) bitkisinin verim ve kalite özellikleri üzerine etkisi. Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma (Biodicon), 12(3), 7-13 DOI: 10.5505/biodicon.2019.29292.
  • Hegazy, M.H., Alzuaibr, F.M.A., Mahmoud, A.A., Mohamed, H.F.Y. & Said-Al Ahl, H.A.H. (2016). The Effects of Zinc Application and Cutting on Growth, Herb, Essential Oil and Flavonoids in Three Medicinal Lamiaceae Plants. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 12(3), 1-12.
  • Amini, M., Yousefzadeh, S. & Sadat-Asilan, K. (2018). A study on variations of essential oil yield and composition of Hyssopus officinalis L. affected by foliar application of zinc, iron and manganese. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 34, 131-143.
  • Gholamreza, N., Madani, H. & Farahani, E. (2015). The Assessment Effects of Bio and Chemical Fertilizers on Vegetative Growth and Essential Oil of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.), Applied Ecology and Forestry Science, 1(1), 1-4.
  • Zawislak, G. (2013). Morphological characters of Hyssopus officinalis L. and chemical composition of its essential oil. Modern Phytomorphology, 4, 93-95.
  • Moghtader, M. (2014). Comparative evaluation of the essential oil composition from the leaves and flowers of Hyssopus officinalis L.. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry, 6(1), 1-5. DOI: 10.5897/JHF2013.0318.
  • Garg, S. N., Naqvi, A.A., Singh, A., Ram, G. & Kumar, S. (1999). Composition of Essential Oil from an Annual Crop of Hyssopus Officinalis Grown in Indian Plains, Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 14, 170–172.
  • Fathiazad, F. & Hamedeyazdan, S. (2011). A review on Hyssopus officinalis L.: Composition and biological activities, African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 5(17), 1959-1966.
  • Nile, S.H., Nile, A.S. & Keum, Y. (2017). Total phenolics, antioxidant, antitumor, and enzyme inhibitory activity of Indian medicinal and aromatic plants extracted with different extraction methods. 3 Biotech, 7: 76. DOI 10.1007/s13205-017-0706-9.
  • Kızıl, S., Güler, V., Kirici, S. & Turk, M., (2016). Some Agronomic Characteristics and Essential Oil Composition of Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis L.) Under Cultivation Conditions. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus, 15(6), 193-207.
  • Telci, İ., Sahbaz, N., Yılmaz, G. & Tuğay, M.E. (2004). Agronomical and Chemical Characterizatıon of Spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) Originating in Turkey. Economic Botany, 58(4), 721-728.
  • Cirlini, M., Mena, P., Tassotti, M., Herrlinger, K.A., Nieman, K.M., Dall’Asta, C. & Rio, D.D. (2016). Phenolic and Volatile Composition of a Dry Spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) Extract, Molecules, 21(8), 1007, DOI: 10.3390/molecules21081007.
  • Markovid, M.S., Boskovid-Vragolovid, N.M., Ristid, M.S., Pavidevic, V.P., Veljkovid, V.B. & Milojevid, S.Z. (2017). Fractionation of the essential oil from juniper (Juniperus communis L.) berries by hydrodistillation and rectification. Hemijska industrija, DOI: 10.2298/HEMIND161204009M.
  • Hassanain, A.A. (2011). Drying sage (Salvia officinalis L.) in passive solar dryers. Research in Agricultural Engineering, 57(1), 19-29.
  • Kandil, M.A.M., Sabry, R.M. & Ahmed, S.S. (2016). Influence of drying methods on the quality of sage (Salvia officinalis), parsley (Petroselinum crispum) and nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus). Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 7(4), 1112-1123.
  • Ghorbanpour, M. & Shahhoseini, R. (2017). Influence of Distillation time on the Content and Constituent of Essential Oils Isolated from Lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora Kunth). Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 20(4), 1-7, DOI: 10.1080/0972060X.2017.1345648.
  • Beigi, M., Torki-Harchegani, M. & Pirbalouti, A. G. (2018). Quantity and chemical composition of essential oil of peppermint (Mentha ×piperita L.) leaves under different drying methods, International Journal of Food Properties, 21(1), 267-276.
  • Sourestani, M.M., Malekzadeh, M. & Tava, A. (2014). Influence of drying, storage and distillation times on essential oil yield and composition of anise hyssop [Agastache foeniculum (Pursh.) Kuntze]. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 26(3), 177-184, DOI: 10.1080/10412905. 2014.882274.
  • Düzgüneş, O., Kesici, T., Kavuncu, O. & Gürbüz, F. (1987). Araştırma ve Deneme Metotları (381). Ankara, Ankara Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları.
  • Açıkgöz, N. (1993). Tarımda Araştırma ve Deneme Metotları. İzmir, E.Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Yayınları, Yayın No: 478. ISBN-975-483-228-5.
  • Mammadov, R. (2014). Tohumlu Bitkilerde Sekonder Metabolitler. Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık, Yayın No: 841, Fen Bilimleri No: 978-605-133-743-2. S:412.
  • Moro, A., Zalacain, A., de Mendoza, J.H. & Carmona, M. (2011). Effects of Agronomic Practices on Volatile Composition of Hyssopus officinalis L. Essential Oils. Molecules, 16, 4131 - 4139; DOI:10.3390/molecules 16054131.
Primary Language tr
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0699-167X
Author: Nimet KATAR (Primary Author)
Institution: Eskişehir Tarım ve Orman İl Müdürlüğü
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1340-8040
Author: Duran KATAR
Institution: ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7190-593X
Author: Emel YILDIZ
Institution: Afyonkarahisar Tıbbi ve Itri Bitkiler Merkezi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : May 27, 2020
Acceptance Date : February 14, 2021
Publication Date : April 15, 2021

APA Katar, N , Katar, D , Yıldız, E . (2021). Farklı kurutma sürelerinin Zufa/Çördük Otu (Hyssopus officinalis L.) bitkisinin verim ve uçucu yağ oranı uzerine etkisinin belirlenmesi . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (1) , 28-34 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon/issue/59796/743654