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Bazı Cardamine (Brassicaceae) Taksonlarının Tohum Yüzey Mikro Şekilleri ve Taksonomik Önemi

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 1, 24 - 27, 15.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.807455

Abstract

The seed exomorphic characteristics of four taxa (Cardamine graeca, C. impatiens subsp. impatiens, C. raphanifolia and C. uliginosa) belonging to Cardamine were investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This study presents exomorphic characteristics, including seed colour, shape, winged, measures, seed coat pattern. Four coat patterns were observed; regularly reticulate, irregularly-reticulate, blister and tuberculate-reticulate, and two shapes were distinguished; broadly oblong and oblong. The results showed that the morphological characteristics of seed could contribute as criteria to distinguish taxa. This is the first study in which the seed surface of any Cardamine taxa growing in Turkey is studied with SEM.

References

  • [1] Davis, P.H. (1965). Cruciferae. In: Davis P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Vol. 1, 248–495
  • [2] Davis, P.H., Mill, R.R. & Tan, K. (1988). Cruciferae. In: Davis P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island (supplement). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Vol. 10, 29–58, 232–235.
  • [3] Güner, A., Ozhatay, N., Ekim, T. & Bafler K.H.C. (2000). Cruciferae. In: Davis P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Supplement 2, Vol. 11, 29–41.
  • [4] Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Mutlu, B. & Dönmez, A.A. (2007). The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) of Turkey, updated. Turkish Journal of Botany, 31(4), 327–336.
  • [5] Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2015). Cardamine hongdeyuana (Brassicaceae), a new species from Xizang, China. Kew bulletin, 70(1), 3.
  • [6] Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2012). A generic and tribal synopsis of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Taxon, 61, 931–954.
  • [7] Khatri, K. S. (1990). Cardamine L. sect. Macrophyllum Schulz, O.E. (Cruciferae Juss.) in the Asian Territory of the Soviet Union, A morphological, anatomical and phylogenetical study with taxonomic revision. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica, 25(2), 197–215.
  • [8] Franzke, A., Pollmann, K., Bleeker, W., Kohrt, R., & Hurka, H. (1998). Molecular systematics of Cardamine and allied genera (Brassicaceae): Its and non-coding chloroplast DNA. Folia Geobotanica, 33(3), 225–240.
  • [9] Heenan, P. B. (2017). A taxonomic revision of Cardamine L. (Brassicaceae) in New Zealand. Phytotaxa, 330(1), 1–154.
  • [10] Mutlu, B. (2012). Cardamine L. In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., Babaç, M.T. (editors). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). İstanbul, Turkey: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği, pp. 264–266 (in Turkish).
  • [11] Vaughan, J.G. & Whitehouse, J.M. (1971). Seed structure and the taxonomy of the Cruciferae. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society, 64, 383–409.
  • [12] Barthlott, W. (1981). Epidermal and seed surface applicability and some evolutionary aspects. Nordic Journal of Botany, 1, 345–355. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.1981.tb00704.x
  • [13] Koul, K., Ranjna, N. & Raina, S.N. (2000). Seed coat microsculpturing in Brassica and allied genera subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae). Annals of Botany, 86, 85–97. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.2000.1197
  • [14] Karaismailoğlu, M.C. (2019). The Value of the Seed in the Systematıc of the Family Brassicaceae. In: Research Reviews in Science and Mathematics–Summer, Editor: Sağlıker HA Gece Kitaplığı Yayınevi, New York, Ankara, pp. 51–80
  • [15] Stearn, W.T. (1992). Botanical Latin. David & Charles Pub, London.
  • [16] Kasem, W.T., Ghareeb, A. & Marwa, E. (2011). Seed Morphology and Seed Coat Sculpturing of 32 Taxa of Family Brassicaceae. Journal of American Science, 7(2), 166–178.
  • [17] Zeng, C.L., Wang, J.B., Liu, A.H. & Wu, X.M. (2004). Seed coat microsculpturing changes during seed development in diploid and amphiploid Brassica Species. Annals of Botany, 93, 555–566. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mch080
  • [18] Murley, M.R. (1951). Seeds of the Cruciferae of northeastern North America. The American Midland Naturalist, 46, 1–81.
  • [19] Kaya, A., Ünal, M., Sefali, A., & Martin, E. (2019). Fruit and seed macro-and micromorphologies of the genus Matthiola (Brassicaceae) in Turkey and their taxonomic value. Turkish Journal of Botany, 43(4), 516–528.
  • [20] Bona, M. (2013). Seed-coat microsculpturing of Turkish Lepidium (Brassicaceae) and its systematic application. Turkish Journal of Botany, 37, 662–668.
  • [21] Gabr, D.G. (2018). Significance of fruit and seed coat morphology in taxonomy and identification for some species of Brassicaceae. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 9, 380–402.

Seed-Coat Microsculpturing of Some Cardamine (Brassicaceae) Taxa and its Systematic Importance

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 1, 24 - 27, 15.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.807455

Abstract

The seed exomorphic characteristics of four taxa (Cardamine graeca, C. impatiens subsp. impatiens, C. raphanifolia and C. uliginosa) belonging to Cardamine were investigated with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This study presents exomorphic characteristics, including seed colour, shape, winged, measures, seed coat pattern. Four coat patterns were observed; regularly reticulate, irregularly-reticulate, blister and tuberculate-reticulate, and two shapes were distinguished; broadly oblong and oblong. The results showed that the morphological characteristics of seed could contribute as criteria to distinguish taxa. This is the first study in which the seed surface of any Cardamine taxa growing in Turkey is studied with SEM.

References

  • [1] Davis, P.H. (1965). Cruciferae. In: Davis P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Vol. 1, 248–495
  • [2] Davis, P.H., Mill, R.R. & Tan, K. (1988). Cruciferae. In: Davis P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island (supplement). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Vol. 10, 29–58, 232–235.
  • [3] Güner, A., Ozhatay, N., Ekim, T. & Bafler K.H.C. (2000). Cruciferae. In: Davis P.H. (ed.) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Island. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, Supplement 2, Vol. 11, 29–41.
  • [4] Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Mutlu, B. & Dönmez, A.A. (2007). The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) of Turkey, updated. Turkish Journal of Botany, 31(4), 327–336.
  • [5] Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2015). Cardamine hongdeyuana (Brassicaceae), a new species from Xizang, China. Kew bulletin, 70(1), 3.
  • [6] Al-Shehbaz, I.A. (2012). A generic and tribal synopsis of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Taxon, 61, 931–954.
  • [7] Khatri, K. S. (1990). Cardamine L. sect. Macrophyllum Schulz, O.E. (Cruciferae Juss.) in the Asian Territory of the Soviet Union, A morphological, anatomical and phylogenetical study with taxonomic revision. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica, 25(2), 197–215.
  • [8] Franzke, A., Pollmann, K., Bleeker, W., Kohrt, R., & Hurka, H. (1998). Molecular systematics of Cardamine and allied genera (Brassicaceae): Its and non-coding chloroplast DNA. Folia Geobotanica, 33(3), 225–240.
  • [9] Heenan, P. B. (2017). A taxonomic revision of Cardamine L. (Brassicaceae) in New Zealand. Phytotaxa, 330(1), 1–154.
  • [10] Mutlu, B. (2012). Cardamine L. In: Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M., Babaç, M.T. (editors). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). İstanbul, Turkey: Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği, pp. 264–266 (in Turkish).
  • [11] Vaughan, J.G. & Whitehouse, J.M. (1971). Seed structure and the taxonomy of the Cruciferae. Botanical Journal of Linnean Society, 64, 383–409.
  • [12] Barthlott, W. (1981). Epidermal and seed surface applicability and some evolutionary aspects. Nordic Journal of Botany, 1, 345–355. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-1051.1981.tb00704.x
  • [13] Koul, K., Ranjna, N. & Raina, S.N. (2000). Seed coat microsculpturing in Brassica and allied genera subtribes Brassicinae, Raphaninae, Moricandiinae). Annals of Botany, 86, 85–97. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbo.2000.1197
  • [14] Karaismailoğlu, M.C. (2019). The Value of the Seed in the Systematıc of the Family Brassicaceae. In: Research Reviews in Science and Mathematics–Summer, Editor: Sağlıker HA Gece Kitaplığı Yayınevi, New York, Ankara, pp. 51–80
  • [15] Stearn, W.T. (1992). Botanical Latin. David & Charles Pub, London.
  • [16] Kasem, W.T., Ghareeb, A. & Marwa, E. (2011). Seed Morphology and Seed Coat Sculpturing of 32 Taxa of Family Brassicaceae. Journal of American Science, 7(2), 166–178.
  • [17] Zeng, C.L., Wang, J.B., Liu, A.H. & Wu, X.M. (2004). Seed coat microsculpturing changes during seed development in diploid and amphiploid Brassica Species. Annals of Botany, 93, 555–566. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mch080
  • [18] Murley, M.R. (1951). Seeds of the Cruciferae of northeastern North America. The American Midland Naturalist, 46, 1–81.
  • [19] Kaya, A., Ünal, M., Sefali, A., & Martin, E. (2019). Fruit and seed macro-and micromorphologies of the genus Matthiola (Brassicaceae) in Turkey and their taxonomic value. Turkish Journal of Botany, 43(4), 516–528.
  • [20] Bona, M. (2013). Seed-coat microsculpturing of Turkish Lepidium (Brassicaceae) and its systematic application. Turkish Journal of Botany, 37, 662–668.
  • [21] Gabr, D.G. (2018). Significance of fruit and seed coat morphology in taxonomy and identification for some species of Brassicaceae. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 9, 380–402.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Emrah ŞİRİN> (Primary Author)
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-3408-7186
Türkiye


Kuddisi ERTUĞRUL>
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-6463-2918
Türkiye

Supporting Institution The specimens were collected during the field trips for a project supported by a grant from Scientific Investigation Project Coordinator of Selçuk University (Project No: 15101001).
Project Number 15101001
Publication Date April 15, 2021
Application Date October 8, 2020
Acceptance Date January 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 1

Cite

APA Şirin, E. & Ertuğrul, K. (2021). Seed-Coat Microsculpturing of Some Cardamine (Brassicaceae) Taxa and its Systematic Importance . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (1) , 24-27 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.807455

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