Research Article
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Heavy Metal Content Screening in Leaves and Flowers of Hypericum origanifolium Willd. by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 1, 93 - 97, 15.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.881775

Abstract

Atomic absorption spectrometry facilitates the reliable determination of mineral content during pharmaceutical quality control of medicinal plants. In the present work, measurable amounts of Fe, Ca, Cu, K, Mg, Mn, Na and Zn were detected in the leaves and flowers of Hypericum origanifolium Willd. through atomic absorption spectrometry. Mean heavy metal content in the flowers and leaves of H. origanifolium was, in descending order, Ca > Mg > K > Na > Fe. Ca was present in higher concentrations in the flowers (11157.24 ppm) and leaves (20132.24 ppm) of titled plant. Our results reveal that flowers are less suitable as target plant parts for metal accumulation than leaves.

References

  • Shaw, D., Leon, C., Kolev, S. & Murray, V. (1997). Traditional remedies and food supplements. A 5-year toxicological study (1991-1995). Drug Safety, 17, 342-356.
  • Andrew, A. S., Warren, A. J., Barchowsky, A., Temple, K. A., Klei, L., Soucy, N. V., O’Hara, K. A. & Hamilton, J. W. (2003). Genomic and Proteomic Profiling of Responses to Toxic Metals in Human Lung Cells. Environ. Health Perspect, 111(6), 825-835.
  • Ajasa, A. M. O., Bello, M. O., İbrahim, A. O., Ogunwande, I. A. & Olawore, N. O. (2004). Heavy trace metals and macronutrients status in herbal plants of Nigeria. Food Chemistry, 85, 67-71.
  • Gomez, M. R., Cerutti, S., Olsina, R. A., Silva, M. F. & Martinez, L. D. (2004). Metal content monitoring in Hypericum perforatum pharmaceutical derivatives by atomic absorption and emission spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 34(3), 569-576.
  • Kadıoğlu, I., Mendil, D., Sarı, H. & Hasdemir, E. (2005). Determination of Heavy Metal Levels in Some Weeds Collected from Tokat, Turkey. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 17(1), 564-568.
  • Özcan, M. M. & Akbulut, M. (2007). Estimation of minerals, nitrate and nitrite contents of medicinal and aromatic plants used as spices, condiments and herbal tea. Food Chemistry, 106, 852-858.
  • Gomez, M. R., Cerutti, S., Sombra, L. L., Silva, M. F. & Martinez, L. D. (2007). Determination of heavy metals for the quality control in argentinian herbal medicines by ETAAS and ICP-OES. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45, 1060-1064.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (1967). Hypericum L. – In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegan Islands (Ed. Davis PH) Vol. 2. Edinburgh University Press, p. 355.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (1977). Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Guttiferae): 1. Infrageneric classification. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany, 5: 291-355.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (2012). Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Hypericaceae) 9. Addenda, corrigenda, keys, lists and general discussion. Phytotaxa 72, 1-111.
  • Duman, H. & Çakır-Dindar, E. G. (2020). Hypericum alacamdaglariense (Hypericaceae), a new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa 470(2), 176-185.
  • Potoğlu Erkara, İ. & Tokur, S. (2004). Morphological and Anatomical investigations on some Hypericum L., species growing naturally in and arround Eskişehir. Trakya Univ J Sci 5, 97-105.
  • Yaylacı, Ö. K., Özgişi, K., Sezer, O., Orhanoğlu, G., Öztürk, D. & Koyuncu, O. (2013). Anatomical studies and conservation status of rare endemic Hypericum sechmenii Ocak & Koyuncu (Sect: Adenosepalum) from Eskişehir-Turkey. Journal of Selcuk University Natural and Applied Science, 2(1), 1-11.
  • Mathis, C. & Ourisson, G. (1964). Chemo-taxonomic study of the genus Hypericum. III. The distribution of saturated hydrocarbons and monoterpenes from the essential oil of Hypericum. Phytochem, 3, 133-141.
  • Kitanov, G. M. & Nedialkov, P. T. (1998). Mangiferin and isomangiferin in some Hypericum species. Biochem Syst Ecol, 26, 647-653.
  • Makovests'ka, O. Y. (1999). Research of Biologically Active Substances of Hypericum L. species. Report VI. Sections olympia (Spach) Nyman, oampylopus Boiss. and origanifolia Stef. Farm Zh (Kiev), 6, 46-50.
  • Sirvent, T. M., Walker, L., Vance, N. & Gibson, D. M. (2002). Variation in hypericins from wild populations of Hypericum perforatum L. in the Pacific Northwest of the USA. Econ Bot, 56, 41-48.
  • Çırak, C., Radušienė, J., Ivanauskas, L. & Janulis, V. (2007). Variation of bioactive secondary metabolites in Hypericum origanifolium during its phenological cycle. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 29(3), 197-203.
  • Öztürk, N., Tunçel, M. & Potoğlu Erkara, İ. (2009). Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of some Hypericum species: A comparative study with H. perforatum. Pharmaceutical biology, 47(2), 120-127.
  • Bertoli, A., Çırak, C. & Seyis, F. (2015). Hypericum origanifolium Willd.: The essential oil composition of a new valuable species. Industrial Crops and Products, 77, 676-679.
  • Sakar, M. K., Tamer, A. U. & Tokur, S. (1988). Antimicrobial activities of some Hypericum species growing in Turkey. Fitoterapia, 59, 49-52.
  • Sakar, M. K. & Tamer, A. U. (1990). Antimicrobial activity of different extracts from some Hypericum species. Fitoterapia, 61, 464-466.
  • Güzey. G. (2007). Cytotoxic and Antiproliferative Effects of Hypericum perforatum, Hypericum montbretti and Hypericum origanifolium Species on A549, HeLa and NIH3T3 Cell Cultures. PhD Thesis, Anadolu University Institute of Health Sciences, Eskişehir, Turkey.
  • Güzey, G., Ibadova, S., Öztürk, Y., Öztürk, N., Maggi, F., Sagratini, G., Ricciutelli, M. & Vittori, S. (2011). Antiproliferative and Antioxidant Effects of Three Hypericum Species of Turkish Origin: H. perforatum, H. montbretii and H. origanifolium. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology, 5(1), 91-99.
  • Yaşar, Ş. N., Can, Ö. D., Öztürk, N., Sagratini, G., Ricciutelli, M., Vittori, S. & Maggi, F. (2013). Central nervous system activities of Hypericum origanifolium extract via GABAergic and opioidergic mechanisms. Phytotherapy Research, 27(6), 877-884.
  • Boran, R. (2018). Investigations of anti-aging potential of Hypericum origanifolium Willd. for skincare formulations. Industrial Crops and Products, 118, 290-295.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (1988). Hypericum L. – In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegan Islands (Eds. Davis PH, Mill RR and Tan K) Vol.10. Edinburgh University Press, p. 96.
  • Dönmez, A. A. (2000). Hypericum L. – In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegan Islands (Eds. Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T and Başer KHC) Vol.11. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 71-72.
  • Que Hee, S. S. & Boyle, Jr. (1988). Simultaneous Multielemental Analysis of Some Environmental And Biological Samples By Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission-Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry, 60(10), 1033-1042.

Hypericum origanifolium’un yaprak ve çiçeklerindeki ağır metal içeriğinin atomik absorpsiyon spektrometresi ile belirlenmesi

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 1, 93 - 97, 15.04.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.881775

Abstract

Atomik absorpsiyon spektrometresi, tıbbi bitkilerin farmasötik kalite kontrolü sırasında mineral içeriğinin güvenilir bir şekilde belirlenmesini kolaylaştırmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, Hypericum origanifolium Willd'un yaprak ve çiçeklerinde atomik absorpsiyon spektrometresi ile ölçülebilir miktarda Fe, Ca, Cu, K, Mg, Mn, Na ve Zn bulunduğu tespit edilmiştir. H. origanifolium'un yaprak ve çiçeklerindeki ortalama ağır metal içeriği sırasıyla Ca> Mg> K> Na> Fe olarak belirlenmiştir. Kalsiyum, çiçek (11157,24 ppm) ve yapraklarda (20132,24 ppm) en yüksek konsantrasyonda tespit edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar çiçeklerin yapraklara kıyasla çok daha düşük seviyede ağır metal birikimi gösterdiğini ortaya koymaktadır.

References

  • Shaw, D., Leon, C., Kolev, S. & Murray, V. (1997). Traditional remedies and food supplements. A 5-year toxicological study (1991-1995). Drug Safety, 17, 342-356.
  • Andrew, A. S., Warren, A. J., Barchowsky, A., Temple, K. A., Klei, L., Soucy, N. V., O’Hara, K. A. & Hamilton, J. W. (2003). Genomic and Proteomic Profiling of Responses to Toxic Metals in Human Lung Cells. Environ. Health Perspect, 111(6), 825-835.
  • Ajasa, A. M. O., Bello, M. O., İbrahim, A. O., Ogunwande, I. A. & Olawore, N. O. (2004). Heavy trace metals and macronutrients status in herbal plants of Nigeria. Food Chemistry, 85, 67-71.
  • Gomez, M. R., Cerutti, S., Olsina, R. A., Silva, M. F. & Martinez, L. D. (2004). Metal content monitoring in Hypericum perforatum pharmaceutical derivatives by atomic absorption and emission spectrometry. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, 34(3), 569-576.
  • Kadıoğlu, I., Mendil, D., Sarı, H. & Hasdemir, E. (2005). Determination of Heavy Metal Levels in Some Weeds Collected from Tokat, Turkey. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 17(1), 564-568.
  • Özcan, M. M. & Akbulut, M. (2007). Estimation of minerals, nitrate and nitrite contents of medicinal and aromatic plants used as spices, condiments and herbal tea. Food Chemistry, 106, 852-858.
  • Gomez, M. R., Cerutti, S., Sombra, L. L., Silva, M. F. & Martinez, L. D. (2007). Determination of heavy metals for the quality control in argentinian herbal medicines by ETAAS and ICP-OES. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 45, 1060-1064.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (1967). Hypericum L. – In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegan Islands (Ed. Davis PH) Vol. 2. Edinburgh University Press, p. 355.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (1977). Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Guttiferae): 1. Infrageneric classification. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany, 5: 291-355.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (2012). Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Hypericaceae) 9. Addenda, corrigenda, keys, lists and general discussion. Phytotaxa 72, 1-111.
  • Duman, H. & Çakır-Dindar, E. G. (2020). Hypericum alacamdaglariense (Hypericaceae), a new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa 470(2), 176-185.
  • Potoğlu Erkara, İ. & Tokur, S. (2004). Morphological and Anatomical investigations on some Hypericum L., species growing naturally in and arround Eskişehir. Trakya Univ J Sci 5, 97-105.
  • Yaylacı, Ö. K., Özgişi, K., Sezer, O., Orhanoğlu, G., Öztürk, D. & Koyuncu, O. (2013). Anatomical studies and conservation status of rare endemic Hypericum sechmenii Ocak & Koyuncu (Sect: Adenosepalum) from Eskişehir-Turkey. Journal of Selcuk University Natural and Applied Science, 2(1), 1-11.
  • Mathis, C. & Ourisson, G. (1964). Chemo-taxonomic study of the genus Hypericum. III. The distribution of saturated hydrocarbons and monoterpenes from the essential oil of Hypericum. Phytochem, 3, 133-141.
  • Kitanov, G. M. & Nedialkov, P. T. (1998). Mangiferin and isomangiferin in some Hypericum species. Biochem Syst Ecol, 26, 647-653.
  • Makovests'ka, O. Y. (1999). Research of Biologically Active Substances of Hypericum L. species. Report VI. Sections olympia (Spach) Nyman, oampylopus Boiss. and origanifolia Stef. Farm Zh (Kiev), 6, 46-50.
  • Sirvent, T. M., Walker, L., Vance, N. & Gibson, D. M. (2002). Variation in hypericins from wild populations of Hypericum perforatum L. in the Pacific Northwest of the USA. Econ Bot, 56, 41-48.
  • Çırak, C., Radušienė, J., Ivanauskas, L. & Janulis, V. (2007). Variation of bioactive secondary metabolites in Hypericum origanifolium during its phenological cycle. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 29(3), 197-203.
  • Öztürk, N., Tunçel, M. & Potoğlu Erkara, İ. (2009). Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of some Hypericum species: A comparative study with H. perforatum. Pharmaceutical biology, 47(2), 120-127.
  • Bertoli, A., Çırak, C. & Seyis, F. (2015). Hypericum origanifolium Willd.: The essential oil composition of a new valuable species. Industrial Crops and Products, 77, 676-679.
  • Sakar, M. K., Tamer, A. U. & Tokur, S. (1988). Antimicrobial activities of some Hypericum species growing in Turkey. Fitoterapia, 59, 49-52.
  • Sakar, M. K. & Tamer, A. U. (1990). Antimicrobial activity of different extracts from some Hypericum species. Fitoterapia, 61, 464-466.
  • Güzey. G. (2007). Cytotoxic and Antiproliferative Effects of Hypericum perforatum, Hypericum montbretti and Hypericum origanifolium Species on A549, HeLa and NIH3T3 Cell Cultures. PhD Thesis, Anadolu University Institute of Health Sciences, Eskişehir, Turkey.
  • Güzey, G., Ibadova, S., Öztürk, Y., Öztürk, N., Maggi, F., Sagratini, G., Ricciutelli, M. & Vittori, S. (2011). Antiproliferative and Antioxidant Effects of Three Hypericum Species of Turkish Origin: H. perforatum, H. montbretii and H. origanifolium. Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Science and Biotechnology, 5(1), 91-99.
  • Yaşar, Ş. N., Can, Ö. D., Öztürk, N., Sagratini, G., Ricciutelli, M., Vittori, S. & Maggi, F. (2013). Central nervous system activities of Hypericum origanifolium extract via GABAergic and opioidergic mechanisms. Phytotherapy Research, 27(6), 877-884.
  • Boran, R. (2018). Investigations of anti-aging potential of Hypericum origanifolium Willd. for skincare formulations. Industrial Crops and Products, 118, 290-295.
  • Robson, N. K. B. (1988). Hypericum L. – In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegan Islands (Eds. Davis PH, Mill RR and Tan K) Vol.10. Edinburgh University Press, p. 96.
  • Dönmez, A. A. (2000). Hypericum L. – In Flora of Turkey and the East Aegan Islands (Eds. Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T and Başer KHC) Vol.11. Edinburgh University Press, pp. 71-72.
  • Que Hee, S. S. & Boyle, Jr. (1988). Simultaneous Multielemental Analysis of Some Environmental And Biological Samples By Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission-Spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry, 60(10), 1033-1042.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Asiye BERBER
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM FAKÜLTESİ, MATEMATİK VE FEN BİLİMLERİ EĞİTİMİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0002-8340-4793
Türkiye


İsmühan POTOĞLU ERKARA (Primary Author)
ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ, BOTANİK ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-5780-4999
Türkiye


Murat OLGUN
ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, DEPARTMENT OF FIELD CROPS
0000-0002-6234-455X
Türkiye


Onur KOYUNCU
ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND LETTERS, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
0000-0002-0364-6638
Türkiye


Murat ARDIÇ
ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND LETTERS, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
0000-0001-8734-3038
Türkiye


Okan SEZER
ESKISEHIR OSMANGAZI UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF SCIENCE AND LETTERS, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY
0000-0001-7304-1346
Türkiye

Publication Date April 15, 2021
Application Date February 16, 2021
Acceptance Date March 8, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 1

Cite

APA Berber, A. , Potoğlu Erkara, İ. , Olgun, M. , Koyuncu, O. , Ardıç, M. & Sezer, O. (2021). Heavy Metal Content Screening in Leaves and Flowers of Hypericum origanifolium Willd. by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (1) , 93-97 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.881775

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