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Phylogenetic analysis of Euscorpius phrygius Bonacina, 1980 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) distributed in Turkey

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 214 - 219, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.898115

Abstract

Anatolian fauna is very rich in terms of scorpion diversity. New species are added to the fauna day by day in line with the new studies. Some mistakes can be made during identification process and even some different species of the Euscorpius lineage can be defined as the same species if they are characterized using solely conventional methods. The scorpion specimens were examined using both conventional and molecular methods collected from Ankara Soğuksu National Park. As a result of molecular analysis using Mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene as a DNA barcoding, the scorpion species in this study were identified as being Euscorpius phrygius (Bonacina, 1980).

References

  • Avcı, M. (2000). Yeryüzünün zoocoğrafya bölgeleri ve Türkiye'nin yeri (the zoogeographical regions of the World and Turkey). Coğrafya Dergisi, 8: 157-200.
  • Thorell, T. & Lindström, G. [1884]. Discovery of a Silurian fossil scorpion. The Glasgow Herald, Dec. 19.
  • Yeşilyurt, F. [2011]. Güneybatı Anadolu Bölgesi Akreplerinin Taksonomisi Ve Biyoekolojisi (Arachnida: Scorpionida). Kırıkkale Üniversitesi, Doktora Tezi, 293.
  • Rein JO. https://www.ntnu.no/ub/scorpion-files/ 2021.
  • Dupre, G. (2016). Les scorpıons de Turquıe. Arachnides, 79: 1-39.
  • Tropea, G. & Yağmur, E.A. [2016]. Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from southern Turkey (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 234, 1-19.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A., Parmakelis A & Kunt K.B. [2016]. Another new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from the Taurus Mountains in Antalya Province, southern Turkey (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 231: 1-17.
  • Kovarik, F., Yağmur, EA, Fet, V & Hussen, F.S. (2019). A review of Orthochirus from Turkey, Iraq, and Iran (Khoozestan, Ilam, and Lorestan Provinces), with descriptions of three new species (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 278, 1-31.
  • Yigit, N. & Benli, M. 2008. The venom gland of the scorpion species Euscorpius mingrelicus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae): morphological and ultrastructural characterization. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 14 (3): 466-480.
  • Fet, V., Graham, M.R., Blagoev, G., Karataş, A & Karataş, A. (2016). DNA barcoding indicates hidden diversity of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) in Turkey. Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 216, 1-12.
  • Kovarik, F. (1999). Review of European scorpions, with a key to species. Serket, 6(2): 38-44.
  • Scherabon, B., Gantenbein, B., Fet, V., Barker, M., Kunter, M., Kropf, C & Huber, D. (2000).
  • A new species of scorpion from Austria, Slovenia and Croatia: Euscorpius gamma Caporiacco, 1950, stat. nov. (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Ekologia (Bratislava), 19 (3): 253-262.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A. & Fet, V. [2015]. A Revision of the Anatolian-Caucasian “Euscorpius mingrelicus Complex” (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 203: 1-32.
  • Ortman, B.D., Bucklin, A., Pages, F & Youngbluth, M. (2010). DNA barcoding the Medusozoa using mtCOI. Deep-Sea Res Pt II, 57: 2148-2156.
  • Tamura K., Nei M. (1993). Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 10, 512-526.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A. & Yeşilyurt, F. [2014]. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from the Antalya Province, southern Turkey (Scorpiones:Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 184: 1−13.
  • Tropea, G. & Yağmur, E.A. [2015a]. Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from Turkey (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae). Arachnida–Rivista Aracnologica Italiana, 1(4): 13−32.
  • Tropea, G. & Yağmur, E.A. [2015b]. Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from Turkey (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae). Arachnida–Rivista Aracnologica Italiana, 1(4): 13−32.
  • Yağmur, EA & Tropea, G. [2013]. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae) from Marmara region of Turkey. ZooKeys, 281: 91-105.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A., Koç, H., Yeşilyurt, F & Rossi, A. [2012]. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Turkey. ZooKeys, 219: 63-80.
  • Fet, V., Karataş, A., Fet, E.V. & Karataş, A. (2003). First data on the molecular phylogeny of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Turkey. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 82(12): 1518–1521.

Türkiye’de yayılış gösteren Euscorpius phrygius Bonacina, 1980 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae)’un filogenetik analizi

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 214 - 219, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.898115

Abstract

Anadolu faunası akrep çeşitliliği bakımından oldukça zengindir. Yapılan çalışmalar ile her geçen gün faunaya yeni türler eklenmektedir. Ancak teşhis sürecinde bazı hatalar yapılabilmekte ve Euscorpius soyunda bulunan bazı farklı türler yalnızca geleneksel yöntemler ile teşhis edilmeye çalışıldığında aynı tür olarak da tanımlanabilmektedirler. Yaptığımız bu çalışmada Ankara Soğuksu Milli Parkından toplanan 10 akrep örneği hem geleneksel hem de moleküler düzeyde tanımlanmaya çalışılmıştır. Bir DNA barkod geni olarak kullanılan mitokondrial sitokrom oksidaz subunit I (COI) ile yapılan moleküler analizde akrep türlerinin Euscorpius phrygius (Bonacina, 1980) oldukları tespit edilmiştir.

References

  • Avcı, M. (2000). Yeryüzünün zoocoğrafya bölgeleri ve Türkiye'nin yeri (the zoogeographical regions of the World and Turkey). Coğrafya Dergisi, 8: 157-200.
  • Thorell, T. & Lindström, G. [1884]. Discovery of a Silurian fossil scorpion. The Glasgow Herald, Dec. 19.
  • Yeşilyurt, F. [2011]. Güneybatı Anadolu Bölgesi Akreplerinin Taksonomisi Ve Biyoekolojisi (Arachnida: Scorpionida). Kırıkkale Üniversitesi, Doktora Tezi, 293.
  • Rein JO. https://www.ntnu.no/ub/scorpion-files/ 2021.
  • Dupre, G. (2016). Les scorpıons de Turquıe. Arachnides, 79: 1-39.
  • Tropea, G. & Yağmur, E.A. [2016]. Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from southern Turkey (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 234, 1-19.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A., Parmakelis A & Kunt K.B. [2016]. Another new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from the Taurus Mountains in Antalya Province, southern Turkey (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 231: 1-17.
  • Kovarik, F., Yağmur, EA, Fet, V & Hussen, F.S. (2019). A review of Orthochirus from Turkey, Iraq, and Iran (Khoozestan, Ilam, and Lorestan Provinces), with descriptions of three new species (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 278, 1-31.
  • Yigit, N. & Benli, M. 2008. The venom gland of the scorpion species Euscorpius mingrelicus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae): morphological and ultrastructural characterization. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 14 (3): 466-480.
  • Fet, V., Graham, M.R., Blagoev, G., Karataş, A & Karataş, A. (2016). DNA barcoding indicates hidden diversity of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) in Turkey. Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 216, 1-12.
  • Kovarik, F. (1999). Review of European scorpions, with a key to species. Serket, 6(2): 38-44.
  • Scherabon, B., Gantenbein, B., Fet, V., Barker, M., Kunter, M., Kropf, C & Huber, D. (2000).
  • A new species of scorpion from Austria, Slovenia and Croatia: Euscorpius gamma Caporiacco, 1950, stat. nov. (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Ekologia (Bratislava), 19 (3): 253-262.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A. & Fet, V. [2015]. A Revision of the Anatolian-Caucasian “Euscorpius mingrelicus Complex” (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 203: 1-32.
  • Ortman, B.D., Bucklin, A., Pages, F & Youngbluth, M. (2010). DNA barcoding the Medusozoa using mtCOI. Deep-Sea Res Pt II, 57: 2148-2156.
  • Tamura K., Nei M. (1993). Estimation of the number of nucleotide substitutions in the control region of mitochondrial DNA in humans and chimpanzees. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 10, 512-526.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A. & Yeşilyurt, F. [2014]. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from the Antalya Province, southern Turkey (Scorpiones:Euscorpiidae). Euscorpius-Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, 184: 1−13.
  • Tropea, G. & Yağmur, E.A. [2015a]. Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from Turkey (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae). Arachnida–Rivista Aracnologica Italiana, 1(4): 13−32.
  • Tropea, G. & Yağmur, E.A. [2015b]. Two new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 from Turkey (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae). Arachnida–Rivista Aracnologica Italiana, 1(4): 13−32.
  • Yağmur, EA & Tropea, G. [2013]. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones, Euscorpiidae) from Marmara region of Turkey. ZooKeys, 281: 91-105.
  • Tropea, G., Yağmur, E.A., Koç, H., Yeşilyurt, F & Rossi, A. [2012]. A new species of Euscorpius Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Turkey. ZooKeys, 219: 63-80.
  • Fet, V., Karataş, A., Fet, E.V. & Karataş, A. (2003). First data on the molecular phylogeny of Euscorpius (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Turkey. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 82(12): 1518–1521.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Fikriye POLAT (Primary Author)
Kocaeli Üniversitesi
0000-0002-5414-2501
Türkiye


İlkay ÇORAK ÖCAL
ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1479-2697
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Scientific Research Project Unit of Kocaeli University
Project Number 2019-042
Thanks We would like to thank to Scientific Research Project Unit of Kocaeli University
Publication Date August 15, 2021
Application Date March 16, 2021
Acceptance Date May 29, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2

Cite

APA Polat, F. & Çorak Öcal, İ. (2021). Phylogenetic analysis of Euscorpius phrygius Bonacina, 1980 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) distributed in Turkey . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (2) , 214-219 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.898115

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