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Türkiye'den Allium yamadagensis Yıldırım ve Ekşi (Amaryllidaceae) üzerine taksonomik açıklamalar

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 193 - 197, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.903822

Abstract

Bu çalışma, Türkiye'den Kritik Tehlike Altındaki (CR) bir endemic tür olan A. yamadagensis'in coğrafi dağılımı ile birlikte taksonomik, makro ve mikro morfolojik, palinolojik ve sitolojik özelliklerin değerlendirilmesini rapor etmektedir. Tohumların ve polenin yüzey mikro fotoğrafları Taramalı Elektron Mikroskobu kullanılarak elde edildi. Tohum periklinal duvarları (şekil ve yontma) dışbükey ve granül. Polen taneleri, 23.65 ± 0.29 μm kutup eksenleri ve 14.92 ± 0.33 μm ekvator eksenleri ile tek kolpat şeklinde görünür. A. yamadagensis'in polen süslemesi foveolat-mikroretikülattır. Sitolojik araştırmalar, A. yamadagensis'in 2n = 2x = 16 kromozomlu diploid olduğunu ortaya çıkarmıştır.

References

  • [1] Friesen, N., Fritsch, R.M. & Blattner, F.R. (2006). Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences. Aliso, 22, 372–395.
  • [2] Herden, T., Hanelt, P. & Friesen, N. (2016). Phylogeny of Allium L. subgenus Anguinum (G. Don. ex W.D.J. Koch) N. Friesen (Amaryllidaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 95, 79–93.
  • [3] WCSP (2016). World checklist of selected plant families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Available at: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
  • [4] Kollmann, F. (1984). Allium L. In: Davis PH (ed) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 8. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 98–210.
  • [5] Duman, H., Ekşi, G., & Özbek, F. (2017). Two new species of Allium L. sect. Allium (Amaryllidaceae) from Turkey. Plant systematics and evolution, 303(9), 1271–1291.
  • [6] Ekşi, G., & Yildirim, H. (2019). Allium yamadagensis (Amaryllidaceae) a new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa, 400(1), 31–36.
  • [7] Celep, F., Koyuncu, M., Fritsch, R. M., Kahraman, A., & Doğan, M. (2012). Taxonomic importance of seed morphology in Allium (Amaryllidaceae). Systematic Botany, 37(4), 893–912.
  • [8] Karaismailoğlu, M.C., Şık, L., Çiftci, A., & Erol, O. (2018). Seed structure of some taxa of the genus Crocus L. (Iridaceae) series Crocus. Turkish Journal of Botany, 42, 722–731.
  • [9] Bothmer, R.V. (1974). Studies in the Aegean Flora. XXI. Biosystematics studies in the Allium ampeloprasum complex. Opera Botanica, 34, 1–107.
  • [10] De Wilde-Duyfjes, B.E.E. (1976). A revision of the genus Allium L. (Liliaceae) in Africa. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen, 76(11), 1–237.
  • [11] Pastor, J. (1981). Contribucio´n al estudio de las semillas de las especies de Allium de la Peninsula Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Lagascalia, 10, 207–216.
  • [12] Kruse, J. (1984). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. Die Kulturpflanze, 32, 89–101.
  • [13] Kruse, J. (1986). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. II. Die Kulturpflanze, 34, 207–228.
  • [14] Kruse, J. (1988). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. III. Die Kulturpflanze, 36, 355–368.
  • [15] Kruse, J. (1994). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. IV. Feddes Repertorium, 105, 457–471.
  • [16] Ilarslan, H. & Koyuncu, M. (1997). Türkiye’de yetisen bazi endemik Allium (sogan) türlerinin tohum morfolojileri. Ot Sistematik Botanik Dergisi, 4, 99–116.
  • [17] Fritsch, R.M., Kruse, J., Adler, K. & Rutten, T. (2006). Testa sculptures in Allium L. subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb & Berth.) Rouy (Alliaceae). Feddes Repertorium, 117, 250–263.
  • [18] Uysal, T., Bozkurt, M., Tugay, O., Ertuğrul, K., Şimşek Sezer, E. N., & Köse, Y. B. (2017). Karyomorphology of Turkish species in Centaurea sections Centaurea and Phalolepis (Asteraceae) and implications for taxonomy. Plant Biosystems-An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151(6), 949–964.
  • [19] Simpson, M.G. (2006). Plant systematics. Oxford: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • [20] Barthlott, W. & Ehler, N. (1977). Raster-Elektronenmiskroskopie der Epidermis-Oberflächen von Spermatophyten. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt, 19, 1–105.
  • [21] Genç, İ., Özhatay, N., & Cevri, M. (2013). A karyomorphological study of the genus Allium (sect. Melanocrommyum) from Turkey. Caryologia, 66(1), 31–40.
  • [22] Ohri, D., Fritsch, R.M., & Hanelt, P. (1998). Evolution of genome size in Allium (Alliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 210(1-2), 57–86.
  • [23] Lin, C. Y. & Tan, D. Y. (2017). Seed testa micromorphology of thirty‐eight species of Allium (Amaryllidaceae) from central Asia, and its taxonomic implications. Nordic journal of botany, 35(2), 189–200. .

Taxonomical remarks on Allium yamadagensis Yıldırım & Ekşi, (Amaryllidaceae) from Turkey

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 193 - 197, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.903822

Abstract

An evaluation was conducted of A. yamadagensis, which is a Critically Endangered (CR) species that is endemic to Turkey, comprising an analysis of its taxonomical, micromorphological, macromorphological, cytological and palynological features, in addition to its geographical distribution. Scanning Electron Microscopy was used to obtain seed and pollen surface microphotographs. The shape and sculpturing of the seed periclinal walls are convex and granulose. The shape of the pollen grains appears monocolpate, with polar and equatorial axes of 23.65 ± 0.29 and 14.92 ± 0.33 µm, respectively. A. yamadagensis has a pollen ornamentation that is foveolate-microreticulate. Cytological analyses revealed that A. yamadagensis is diploid and has a chromosome number of 2n = 2x = 16.

References

  • [1] Friesen, N., Fritsch, R.M. & Blattner, F.R. (2006). Phylogeny and new intrageneric classification of Allium (Alliaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences. Aliso, 22, 372–395.
  • [2] Herden, T., Hanelt, P. & Friesen, N. (2016). Phylogeny of Allium L. subgenus Anguinum (G. Don. ex W.D.J. Koch) N. Friesen (Amaryllidaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 95, 79–93.
  • [3] WCSP (2016). World checklist of selected plant families. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Available at: http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
  • [4] Kollmann, F. (1984). Allium L. In: Davis PH (ed) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, vol. 8. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, pp. 98–210.
  • [5] Duman, H., Ekşi, G., & Özbek, F. (2017). Two new species of Allium L. sect. Allium (Amaryllidaceae) from Turkey. Plant systematics and evolution, 303(9), 1271–1291.
  • [6] Ekşi, G., & Yildirim, H. (2019). Allium yamadagensis (Amaryllidaceae) a new species from Turkey. Phytotaxa, 400(1), 31–36.
  • [7] Celep, F., Koyuncu, M., Fritsch, R. M., Kahraman, A., & Doğan, M. (2012). Taxonomic importance of seed morphology in Allium (Amaryllidaceae). Systematic Botany, 37(4), 893–912.
  • [8] Karaismailoğlu, M.C., Şık, L., Çiftci, A., & Erol, O. (2018). Seed structure of some taxa of the genus Crocus L. (Iridaceae) series Crocus. Turkish Journal of Botany, 42, 722–731.
  • [9] Bothmer, R.V. (1974). Studies in the Aegean Flora. XXI. Biosystematics studies in the Allium ampeloprasum complex. Opera Botanica, 34, 1–107.
  • [10] De Wilde-Duyfjes, B.E.E. (1976). A revision of the genus Allium L. (Liliaceae) in Africa. Mededelingen Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen, 76(11), 1–237.
  • [11] Pastor, J. (1981). Contribucio´n al estudio de las semillas de las especies de Allium de la Peninsula Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Lagascalia, 10, 207–216.
  • [12] Kruse, J. (1984). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. Die Kulturpflanze, 32, 89–101.
  • [13] Kruse, J. (1986). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. II. Die Kulturpflanze, 34, 207–228.
  • [14] Kruse, J. (1988). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. III. Die Kulturpflanze, 36, 355–368.
  • [15] Kruse, J. (1994). Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Samen der Gattung Allium L. IV. Feddes Repertorium, 105, 457–471.
  • [16] Ilarslan, H. & Koyuncu, M. (1997). Türkiye’de yetisen bazi endemik Allium (sogan) türlerinin tohum morfolojileri. Ot Sistematik Botanik Dergisi, 4, 99–116.
  • [17] Fritsch, R.M., Kruse, J., Adler, K. & Rutten, T. (2006). Testa sculptures in Allium L. subg. Melanocrommyum (Webb & Berth.) Rouy (Alliaceae). Feddes Repertorium, 117, 250–263.
  • [18] Uysal, T., Bozkurt, M., Tugay, O., Ertuğrul, K., Şimşek Sezer, E. N., & Köse, Y. B. (2017). Karyomorphology of Turkish species in Centaurea sections Centaurea and Phalolepis (Asteraceae) and implications for taxonomy. Plant Biosystems-An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology, 151(6), 949–964.
  • [19] Simpson, M.G. (2006). Plant systematics. Oxford: Elsevier Academic Press.
  • [20] Barthlott, W. & Ehler, N. (1977). Raster-Elektronenmiskroskopie der Epidermis-Oberflächen von Spermatophyten. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt, 19, 1–105.
  • [21] Genç, İ., Özhatay, N., & Cevri, M. (2013). A karyomorphological study of the genus Allium (sect. Melanocrommyum) from Turkey. Caryologia, 66(1), 31–40.
  • [22] Ohri, D., Fritsch, R.M., & Hanelt, P. (1998). Evolution of genome size in Allium (Alliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution, 210(1-2), 57–86.
  • [23] Lin, C. Y. & Tan, D. Y. (2017). Seed testa micromorphology of thirty‐eight species of Allium (Amaryllidaceae) from central Asia, and its taxonomic implications. Nordic journal of botany, 35(2), 189–200. .

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Emrah ŞİRİN (Primary Author)
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-3408-7186
Türkiye


Mehmet KARAİSMAİLOGLU
SIIRT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6856-2742
Türkiye

Thanks The specimens were collected during the field trips for a project supported by a grant from Scientific Investigation Project Coordinator of Selçuk University (Project No: 18401090).
Publication Date August 15, 2021
Application Date March 26, 2021
Acceptance Date May 9, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2

Cite

APA Şirin, E. & Karaismailoglu, M. (2021). Taxonomical remarks on Allium yamadagensis Yıldırım & Ekşi, (Amaryllidaceae) from Turkey . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (2) , 193-197 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.903822

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