Research Article
PDF Zotero Mendeley EndNote BibTex Cite

Evaluation of Alpha Diversity Results in the Kargı and Karpuz River Basins by SHE Analysis

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 334 - 341, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.959626

Abstract

Turkey, which has richer biodiversity than many surrounding countries, takes some measures at the national and international level to carry this feature to the future in a sustainable way. Conservation of biodiversity is to determine the prominent areas in this regard and the determination of species diversity at a local scale depends on scientific studies. One of the biodiversity levels, alpha species diversity provides the information necessary for the conservation of any area, however, it is also very important to know the sensitivity of habitats to external factors. By determining the balance and sensitivity of ecosystems, the conservation concept can be addressed from a holistic perspective by determining the areas where species are distributed in a balanced way as well as biodiversity. In this study, by applying SHE analysis to the alpha diversity values of Kargı and Karpuz Stream valleys, the species richness and Shannon alpha diversity values of the areas, as well as the balance and sensitivity of the species within the community, were investigated. As a result, by adding the number of individuals and their distribution in the sample areas to the plant species diversity data, the regions that should be given priority in protection in these valleys were determined.

References

  • Referans1 Akkurt Gümüş, S. (2020). Manavgat Çayı ve Dim Çayı Arasının Bitki Örtüsü ve Biyoçeşitlilik Analizleri. Istanbul University, Social Sciences Institute, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation.
  • Referans 2 Akkurt Gümüş, S. & Avcı, M. (2020). Biyoçeşitlilik indisleri kullanılarak öncelikli koruma alanı seçimine bir örnek: Kargı Çayı ve Karpuz Çayı vadileri- (Akdeniz Bölgesi-Türkiye)-Primary conservation area selection with biodiversity indices: A case study on the Kargı and Karpuz river valleys (Mediterranean Region–Turkey). Coğrafya Dergisi, 41, 1-18.
  • Referans 3 Anderson, M.J., Crist, T.O., Chase, J.M., Vellend, M., Inouye, B.D., Freestone, A.L. Sanders, N.J., Cornwell, H.V., Comita, L.Z., Davies, K.F., Harrison, S.P., Kraft, N.J.B., Stegen, J.C. & Swenson, N.G. (2011). Navigating the multiple meanings of β-diversity: a roadmap for the practising ecologist, Ecology Letters, 14, 19-28.
  • Referans 4 Avcı, M. (2018). Ekosistem Coğrafyası. İstanbul Üniversitesi Açık ve Uzaktan Eğitim Fakültesi, İstanbul.
  • Referans 5 Avcı, S. (2017). Kıyı alanlarının kullanımında beşerî faktörler. Yasal ve Bilimsel Boyutlarıyla Kıyı (Ed: Turoğlu, H., Yiğitbaşıoğlu, H.), 117-146, Jeomorfoloji Derneği, İstanbul.
  • Referans 6 Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.A.C. (1996) Biodiversity resolution: an integrated approach. Biodiversity Letters, 3, 40-43.
  • Referans 7 Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.A.C. (1998). SHE analysis for biofacies indentification. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 28 (3), 233-239.
  • Referans 8 Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.A.C. (2005). On Richness and Evenness within and between Communities. Paleobiology, 31(2), 199-220.
  • Referans 9 Cadotte, M.W. & Tucker, C.M. (2018). Difficult decisions: Strategies for conservation prioritization when taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity are not spatially congruent. Biological Conservation, 225, 128-133.
  • Referans 10 Cardoso, P., Rigal, R., Carvalho, J.C., Fortelius, M., Borges, P.A.V., Podani, J. & Schmera, D. (2014). Partitioning taxon, phylogenetic and functional beta diversity into replacement and richness difference components. Journal of Biogeography, 41 (4), 749-761.
  • Referans 11 Cuttelod, A., García, N., Abdul Malak, D., Temple, H. & Katariya, V. (2008). The Mediterranean: a biodiversity hotspot under threat (Eds. Vié, J.C., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Stuart, S.N.). The 2008 Review of The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN Gland, Switzerland.
  • Referans 12 Duman, H. (2010). Kargı Çay Vadisi. Important Plant Areas, 122 Key Turkish Botanical Sites (Eds. Özhatay, N., Byfıeld, A., Atay, S.), 227-228, WWF Türkiye (Doğal Hayatı Koruma Vakfı) İstanbul.
  • Referans 13 Hayek, L.A.C. & Buzas, M.A. (1997) Surveying Natural Populations. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Referans 14 Hayek, L.C. & Buzas, M.A. (1998). SHE analysis: An integrated approach to the analysis of forest biodiversity, Forest Biodiversity Research, Monitoring and Modeling (Eds. Dallmeier, F. and Comiskey, J.), 311–321, UNESCO and Parthenon Publishing Group, Paris.
  • Referans 15 Jost, L. (2007). Partitioning diversity into independent alpha and beta components. Ecology, 88 (10), 2427-2439.
  • Referans 16 Jurasinski, G., Retzer, V. & Beierkuhnlein, C. (2009). Inventory, differentiation, and proportional diversity: A consistent terminology for quantifying species diversity. Oecologia, 159, 15-26.
  • Referans 17 Kurt, B. (2006). Kargı Çay Vadisi, Türkiye’nin Önemli Doğa Alanları (Eds. Eken, G., Bozdoğan, M., İsfendiyaroğlu, S., Kılıç, D.T. & Lise, Y.), 366-367, Doğa Derneği Ankara.
  • Referans 18 Lang, S., Mairota, P., Pernkopf, L. & Schioppa, E.P. (2015). Earth observation for habitat mapping and biodiversity monitoring, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 37, 1-6.
  • Referans 19 Magurran, A.E. (2004). Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell Science Ltd. USA.
  • Referans 20 Mana, D. (2005). A test application of the SHE method as a biostratigraphical parameter. Geo.Alp, 2, 99-106.
  • Referans 21 Maxted, N. (2001). Ex-situ, In-situ Conservation. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 683-695.
  • Referans 22 Osterman, L.E., Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.C. (2002). SHE Analysis for Biozonation of Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages from Western Arctic Ocean. Palaios, 17 (3), 297-303.
  • Referans 23 Özkan, K. (2016). Biyolojik Çeşitlilik Bileşenleri (α, ß ve γ) Nasıl Ölçülür?. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Yayınevi, Isparta.
  • Referans 24 Pearce, D.W. (2003). The value of biodiversity. Microbial Diversity and Bioprospecting (Ed: A.T. Bull), Wiley Online Library, https://doi.org/10.1128/9781555817770.ch44.
  • Referans 25 Reddy, C.S. (2021). Remote sensing of biodiversity: what to measure and monitor from space to species? Biodiversity and Conservation https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02216-5.
  • Referans 26 Reid, W.V. (1998). Biodiversity hotspots. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13 (7), 275-280.
  • Referans 27 Sloan, S., Jenkins, C.N., Joppa, L.N., Gaveau, D.L. & Laurance W.F. (2014). Remaining natural vegetation in the global biodiversity hotspots. Biological and Conservations, 177, 12-24.
  • Referans 28 Thormann, I., Dulloo, M.E. & Engels, J.M.M. (2006). Techniques for Ex Situ Plant Conservation. Plant Conservation Genetics (Ed. Henry, R.J.), 7-36, The Haworth Press, Inc.
  • Referans 29 Yachi, S. & Loreau, M. (1999). Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in a Fluctuating Environment: The Insurance Hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96, 1463-1468.

Kargı ve Karpuz Çayı Vadilerinde SHE Analizi ile Alfa Çeşitlilik Sonuçlarının Değerlendirilmesi

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2, 334 - 341, 15.08.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.959626

Abstract

Turkey, which has richer biodiversity than many surrounding countries, takes some measures at the national and international level to carry this feature to the future in a sustainable way. Conservation of biodiversity is to determine the prominent areas in this regard and the determination of species diversity at a local scale depends on scientific studies. One of the biodiversity levels, alpha species diversity provides the information necessary for the conservation of any area, however, it is also very important to know the sensitivity of habitats to external factors. By determining the balance and sensitivity of ecosystems, the conservation concept can be addressed from a holistic perspective by determining the areas where species are distributed in a balanced way as well as biodiversity. In this study, by applying SHE analysis to the alpha diversity values of Kargı and Karpuz Stream valleys, the species richness and Shannon alpha diversity values of the areas, as well as the balance and sensitivity of the species within the community, were investigated. As a result, by adding the number of individuals and their distribution in the sample areas to the plant species diversity data, the regions that should be given priority in protection in these valleys were determined.

References

  • Referans1 Akkurt Gümüş, S. (2020). Manavgat Çayı ve Dim Çayı Arasının Bitki Örtüsü ve Biyoçeşitlilik Analizleri. Istanbul University, Social Sciences Institute, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation.
  • Referans 2 Akkurt Gümüş, S. & Avcı, M. (2020). Biyoçeşitlilik indisleri kullanılarak öncelikli koruma alanı seçimine bir örnek: Kargı Çayı ve Karpuz Çayı vadileri- (Akdeniz Bölgesi-Türkiye)-Primary conservation area selection with biodiversity indices: A case study on the Kargı and Karpuz river valleys (Mediterranean Region–Turkey). Coğrafya Dergisi, 41, 1-18.
  • Referans 3 Anderson, M.J., Crist, T.O., Chase, J.M., Vellend, M., Inouye, B.D., Freestone, A.L. Sanders, N.J., Cornwell, H.V., Comita, L.Z., Davies, K.F., Harrison, S.P., Kraft, N.J.B., Stegen, J.C. & Swenson, N.G. (2011). Navigating the multiple meanings of β-diversity: a roadmap for the practising ecologist, Ecology Letters, 14, 19-28.
  • Referans 4 Avcı, M. (2018). Ekosistem Coğrafyası. İstanbul Üniversitesi Açık ve Uzaktan Eğitim Fakültesi, İstanbul.
  • Referans 5 Avcı, S. (2017). Kıyı alanlarının kullanımında beşerî faktörler. Yasal ve Bilimsel Boyutlarıyla Kıyı (Ed: Turoğlu, H., Yiğitbaşıoğlu, H.), 117-146, Jeomorfoloji Derneği, İstanbul.
  • Referans 6 Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.A.C. (1996) Biodiversity resolution: an integrated approach. Biodiversity Letters, 3, 40-43.
  • Referans 7 Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.A.C. (1998). SHE analysis for biofacies indentification. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 28 (3), 233-239.
  • Referans 8 Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.A.C. (2005). On Richness and Evenness within and between Communities. Paleobiology, 31(2), 199-220.
  • Referans 9 Cadotte, M.W. & Tucker, C.M. (2018). Difficult decisions: Strategies for conservation prioritization when taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity are not spatially congruent. Biological Conservation, 225, 128-133.
  • Referans 10 Cardoso, P., Rigal, R., Carvalho, J.C., Fortelius, M., Borges, P.A.V., Podani, J. & Schmera, D. (2014). Partitioning taxon, phylogenetic and functional beta diversity into replacement and richness difference components. Journal of Biogeography, 41 (4), 749-761.
  • Referans 11 Cuttelod, A., García, N., Abdul Malak, D., Temple, H. & Katariya, V. (2008). The Mediterranean: a biodiversity hotspot under threat (Eds. Vié, J.C., Hilton-Taylor, C. & Stuart, S.N.). The 2008 Review of The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN Gland, Switzerland.
  • Referans 12 Duman, H. (2010). Kargı Çay Vadisi. Important Plant Areas, 122 Key Turkish Botanical Sites (Eds. Özhatay, N., Byfıeld, A., Atay, S.), 227-228, WWF Türkiye (Doğal Hayatı Koruma Vakfı) İstanbul.
  • Referans 13 Hayek, L.A.C. & Buzas, M.A. (1997) Surveying Natural Populations. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Referans 14 Hayek, L.C. & Buzas, M.A. (1998). SHE analysis: An integrated approach to the analysis of forest biodiversity, Forest Biodiversity Research, Monitoring and Modeling (Eds. Dallmeier, F. and Comiskey, J.), 311–321, UNESCO and Parthenon Publishing Group, Paris.
  • Referans 15 Jost, L. (2007). Partitioning diversity into independent alpha and beta components. Ecology, 88 (10), 2427-2439.
  • Referans 16 Jurasinski, G., Retzer, V. & Beierkuhnlein, C. (2009). Inventory, differentiation, and proportional diversity: A consistent terminology for quantifying species diversity. Oecologia, 159, 15-26.
  • Referans 17 Kurt, B. (2006). Kargı Çay Vadisi, Türkiye’nin Önemli Doğa Alanları (Eds. Eken, G., Bozdoğan, M., İsfendiyaroğlu, S., Kılıç, D.T. & Lise, Y.), 366-367, Doğa Derneği Ankara.
  • Referans 18 Lang, S., Mairota, P., Pernkopf, L. & Schioppa, E.P. (2015). Earth observation for habitat mapping and biodiversity monitoring, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 37, 1-6.
  • Referans 19 Magurran, A.E. (2004). Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell Science Ltd. USA.
  • Referans 20 Mana, D. (2005). A test application of the SHE method as a biostratigraphical parameter. Geo.Alp, 2, 99-106.
  • Referans 21 Maxted, N. (2001). Ex-situ, In-situ Conservation. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 683-695.
  • Referans 22 Osterman, L.E., Buzas, M.A. & Hayek, L.C. (2002). SHE Analysis for Biozonation of Benthic Foraminiferal Assemblages from Western Arctic Ocean. Palaios, 17 (3), 297-303.
  • Referans 23 Özkan, K. (2016). Biyolojik Çeşitlilik Bileşenleri (α, ß ve γ) Nasıl Ölçülür?. Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Yayınevi, Isparta.
  • Referans 24 Pearce, D.W. (2003). The value of biodiversity. Microbial Diversity and Bioprospecting (Ed: A.T. Bull), Wiley Online Library, https://doi.org/10.1128/9781555817770.ch44.
  • Referans 25 Reddy, C.S. (2021). Remote sensing of biodiversity: what to measure and monitor from space to species? Biodiversity and Conservation https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-021-02216-5.
  • Referans 26 Reid, W.V. (1998). Biodiversity hotspots. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13 (7), 275-280.
  • Referans 27 Sloan, S., Jenkins, C.N., Joppa, L.N., Gaveau, D.L. & Laurance W.F. (2014). Remaining natural vegetation in the global biodiversity hotspots. Biological and Conservations, 177, 12-24.
  • Referans 28 Thormann, I., Dulloo, M.E. & Engels, J.M.M. (2006). Techniques for Ex Situ Plant Conservation. Plant Conservation Genetics (Ed. Henry, R.J.), 7-36, The Haworth Press, Inc.
  • Referans 29 Yachi, S. & Loreau, M. (1999). Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning in a Fluctuating Environment: The Insurance Hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96, 1463-1468.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Seda AKKURT GÜMÜŞ (Primary Author)
MANİSA CELÂL BAYAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7879-8460
Türkiye


Serkan GÜLSOY
ISPARTA UYGULAMALI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ORMAN FAKÜLTESİ, ORMAN MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ, ORMAN MÜHENDİSLİĞİ PR.
0000-0003-2011-8324
Türkiye


Meral AVCI
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, COĞRAFYA BÖLÜMÜ
0000-0003-4367-3021
Türkiye

Thanks The authors admit special thanks to TÜBİTAK for the financial support and Prof. Dr. Kürşad Özkan for organizing the “2237-A Biological Diversity Measurement Processes-Inventory, Data Transfer and Computing Techniques” scientific event.
Publication Date August 15, 2021
Application Date July 1, 2021
Acceptance Date August 16, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 2

Cite

APA Akkurt Gümüş, S. , Gülsoy, S. & Avcı, M. (2021). Evaluation of Alpha Diversity Results in the Kargı and Karpuz River Basins by SHE Analysis . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (2) , 334-341 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.959626

❖  Abstracted-Indexed in
Web of Science {Zoological Records Indexed] Clavariate Analytic, CiteFactor, Turkey Citation Index, JournalSeek Database, arastirmax, Medical Reads (RRS), CrossRef;10.46309/biodicon.

❖ Libraries
Aberystwyth University; All libraries; Bath University; Birmingham University; Cardiff University; City University London; CONSER (Not UK Holdings); Edinburgh University; Essex University; Exeter University; EZB Electronic Journals Library; Feng Chia University Library; GAZİ Gazi University Library; Glasgow University; HEC-National Digital Library; Hull University; Imperial College London; Kaohsinug Medical University Library; ANKOS; Anadolu University Library; Lancaster University; Libros PDF; Liverpool University; London Metropolitan University; London School of Economics and Political Science; Manchester University; National Cheng Kung University Library; National ILAN University Library; Nottingham University; Open University; Oxford University; Queen Mary,University of London;Robert Gordon University; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; Sheffield Hallam University; Sheffield University; Shih Hsin University Library; Smithsonian Institution Libraries; Southampton University; Stirling University; Strathclyde University; Sussex University; The National Agricultural Library (NAL); The Ohio Library and Information NetWork; Trinity College Dublin; University of Washington Libraries; Vaughan Memorial Library; York University..

❖ The article processing is free.

❖ Web of Science-Clarivate Analytics, Zoological Record
❖ This journal is registered to “Turkey Citation Index
❖ This journal is a CrossRef;10.46309/biodicon. member

❖ Please visit ” http:// www.biodicon.com“ for instructions about articles and all of the details about journal


❖  Correspondance Adres: Prof. Ersin YÜCEL, P.K. 86, İki Eylül PTT Merkez, 26000 Eskişehir / Turkey
E-posta / E-mail: biodicon@gmail.com;
Web Address: http://www.biodicon.com; https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/biodicon
❖ Biological Diversity and Conservation/ Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma
❖ ISSN 1308-5301 Print; ISSN 1308-8084 Online
❖ Start Date Published 2008
© Copyright by Biological Diversity and Conservation/Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma-Available online at www.biodicon.com/All rights reserved
Publisher : Ersin YÜCEL
❖ This journal is published three numbers in a year. Printed in Eskişehir/Turkey.
❖ All sorts of responsibilities of the articles published in this journal are belonging to the authors
Editör / Editor-In-Chief : Prof.Dr. Ersin YÜCEL, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8274-7578