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Morphological, anatomical, palynological, and micromorphological study on Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Brassicaceae)

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 3, 365 - 371, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.897954

Abstract

The present study deals with the morphological, anatomical, and palynological properties of Diplotaxis tenuifolia. The stem cross-sections had a single-layered epidermis, parenchymatous cortex, vascular bundles, and parenchymatic pith cells. An equifacial mesophyll type was observed in the leaves with multiple-layered palisade tissue, but the spongy parenchyma was reduced. Vascular bundles were small except for the midrib. The cross-sections of the fruit had a single exocarp, 3- or 4-layered mesocarp, and single-layered endocarp. Transverse sections of the seed showed the presence of layers of epidermis, parenchyma, and endosperm.

References

  • [1] Warwick, S., Francis, A. & Al-Shehbaz, I. (2006). Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259 (2-4), 249-258.
  • [2] Mühlhausen, A., Lenser, T., Mummenhoff, K. & Theißen, G. (2013). Evidence that an evolutionary transition from dehiscent to indehiscent fruits in Lepidium (Brassicaceae) was caused by a change in the control of valve margin identity genes. The Plant Journal 73, 824-835. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.12079
  • [3] Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Beilstein, M.A. & Kellogg, E.A. (2006). Systematics and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): an overview. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259, 89–120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0415-z
  • [4] Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Mutlu, B. & Dönmez, A.A. (2007). The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) of Turkey, Updated. Turkish Journal of Botany 31, 327-336.
  • [5] Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gokyiğit Botanik Bahcesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul.
  • [6] Hedge, I.C. (1965). Diplotaxis. Flora of Turkey And The East Aegean Islands, vol. I. Edinburgh Univ. Press.
  • [7] Erik, S. (2012). Çok Yönlü Ruderal Bir Tür: Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L) DC. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi 4 (1), 27-35.
  • [8] Troiano S, Novelli, V, Geatti P, Marangon F, Ceccon L. (2019). Assessment of the sustainability of wild rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) production: Application of a multi-criteria method to different farming systems in the province of Udine, Ecological Indicators, 97: 301-310.
  • [9] Guijarro-Real, C., Prohens, J., Rodríguez-Burruezo, A., & Fita, A. (2019). Potential of wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides) as a new crop: Influence of the growing conditions on the visual quality of the final product. Scientia Horticulturae 258, 108778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108778
  • [10] Qader, K.O. (2018). Taxonomic Significance of Anatomical Characters in Some Species of Brassicaceae family. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Science 6(4), 77-83.
  • [11] Johansen, D. A. (1940). Plant microtechnique, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc: London; 530p.
  • [12] Wodehouse, R.P. (1935). Pollen grains: their structure, identification and signifiance in science and medicine. McGraw Hill, New York & London, 574 pp.
  • [13] Erdtman, G. (1960). The acetolysis method-a revised description. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 54, 516-564.
  • [14] Punt, W., Hoen, P.P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. & Le Thomas, A. (2007). Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 143, 1-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.06.008
  • [15] Çıtak, B.Y. & Dural, H. (2020). The anatomical structures of the genus Iberis L. (Brassicaceae) in Turkey. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 27(2), 213-224. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v27i2.50662
  • [16] Atçeken, M.M., Dural, H. & Çıtak, B.Y. (2016). The morphological, anatomical and palynological investigations on some taxa of Genus Aethionema at Waiton (Brassicaceae). Biological Diversity and Conservation 9, 55-68.
  • [17] Gönen, B., Dural, H. & Çıtak, BY. (2019). A Survey of the morphology, anatomy, and palynology of endemic Bornmuellera kiyakii and B. glabrescens (Brassicaceae) from Turkey. Gazi University of Journal of Science 32, 776-790. https://doi.org/10.35378/gujs.455316
  • [18] Akbar, F. & Begum, K. (2020). A comparative anatomical investigation of three taxa of Brassica L. from Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 27(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v27i1.47566
  • [19] Çıtak, B.Y., Dural, H. & Gönen, B. (2016). Selçuk Üniversitesi Alâeddin Keykubat Kampüsü’nde Yayılış Gösteren Bazı Bitkilerin Polen Morfolojileri. Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Fen Dergisi 42(1), 42-56.
  • [20] Lenser, T., Graeber, K., Çevik, Ö.S., Adıgüzel, N., Dönmez, A.A., Grosche, C., Kettermann, M., Mayland- Quellhorst, S., Mérai, Z., Mohammadin, S., Nguyen, T., Rümpler, F., Schulze, C., Sperber, K., Steinbrecher, T., Wiegand, N., Strnad, M., Scheid, O.M., Rensing, S.A., Schranz, M.E., Theißen, G., Mummenhoff, K., Leubner-Metzger, G. 2016. Developmental control and plasticity of fruit and seed dimorphism in Aethionema arabicum. Plant Physiology 172, 1697-1707.
  • [21] Dural, H. & Çıtak, B.Y. (2020). The Anatomical Characteristics of Endemic Aethionema dumanii Vural & Adıgüzel (Brassicaceae). Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 23 (2), 435-440
  • [22] Karaismailoğlu, C. (2019). Comparative morphology and anatomy of seeds of some Aethionema W.T. Aiton (Brassicaceae) taxa from Turkey. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 26, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v26i1.41911

Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Brassicaceae) üzerine morfolojik, anatomik, palinolojik ve mikromorfolojik bir araştırma

Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 3, 365 - 371, 15.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2021.897954

Abstract

Bu çalışmada Diplotaxis tenuifolia türünün morfolojik, anatomik, palinolojik ve mikromorfolojik özellikleri ele alınmaktadır. Gövde enine kesitleri, tek tabakalı epidermis, parankimatik korteks, iletim demetleri ve öz hücrelerini içermektedir. Yapraklarda, çok tabakalı palizat parankimalı ekvifasiyal tip mezofil gözlemlenmiş, fakat sünger parankiması indirgenmiştir. İletim demetleri orta damar hariç küçüktür. Meyve enine kesitleri tek bir ekzokarp, 3 ya da 4 tabakalı mezokarp ve tek tabakalı endokarpa sahiptir. Tohum enine kesitleri, epidermis, parankima ve endosperm tabakalarının varlığını göstermiştir.

References

  • [1] Warwick, S., Francis, A. & Al-Shehbaz, I. (2006). Brassicaceae: species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259 (2-4), 249-258.
  • [2] Mühlhausen, A., Lenser, T., Mummenhoff, K. & Theißen, G. (2013). Evidence that an evolutionary transition from dehiscent to indehiscent fruits in Lepidium (Brassicaceae) was caused by a change in the control of valve margin identity genes. The Plant Journal 73, 824-835. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.12079
  • [3] Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Beilstein, M.A. & Kellogg, E.A. (2006). Systematics and phylogeny of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae): an overview. Plant Systematics and Evolution 259, 89–120. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00606-006-0415-z
  • [4] Al-Shehbaz, I.A., Mutlu, B. & Dönmez, A.A. (2007). The Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) of Turkey, Updated. Turkish Journal of Botany 31, 327-336.
  • [5] Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (2012). Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gokyiğit Botanik Bahcesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını, İstanbul.
  • [6] Hedge, I.C. (1965). Diplotaxis. Flora of Turkey And The East Aegean Islands, vol. I. Edinburgh Univ. Press.
  • [7] Erik, S. (2012). Çok Yönlü Ruderal Bir Tür: Diplotaxis tenuifolia (L) DC. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi 4 (1), 27-35.
  • [8] Troiano S, Novelli, V, Geatti P, Marangon F, Ceccon L. (2019). Assessment of the sustainability of wild rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) production: Application of a multi-criteria method to different farming systems in the province of Udine, Ecological Indicators, 97: 301-310.
  • [9] Guijarro-Real, C., Prohens, J., Rodríguez-Burruezo, A., & Fita, A. (2019). Potential of wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides) as a new crop: Influence of the growing conditions on the visual quality of the final product. Scientia Horticulturae 258, 108778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.108778
  • [10] Qader, K.O. (2018). Taxonomic Significance of Anatomical Characters in Some Species of Brassicaceae family. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Science 6(4), 77-83.
  • [11] Johansen, D. A. (1940). Plant microtechnique, McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc: London; 530p.
  • [12] Wodehouse, R.P. (1935). Pollen grains: their structure, identification and signifiance in science and medicine. McGraw Hill, New York & London, 574 pp.
  • [13] Erdtman, G. (1960). The acetolysis method-a revised description. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 54, 516-564.
  • [14] Punt, W., Hoen, P.P., Blackmore, S., Nilsson, S. & Le Thomas, A. (2007). Glossary of pollen and spore terminology. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 143, 1-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2006.06.008
  • [15] Çıtak, B.Y. & Dural, H. (2020). The anatomical structures of the genus Iberis L. (Brassicaceae) in Turkey. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 27(2), 213-224. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v27i2.50662
  • [16] Atçeken, M.M., Dural, H. & Çıtak, B.Y. (2016). The morphological, anatomical and palynological investigations on some taxa of Genus Aethionema at Waiton (Brassicaceae). Biological Diversity and Conservation 9, 55-68.
  • [17] Gönen, B., Dural, H. & Çıtak, BY. (2019). A Survey of the morphology, anatomy, and palynology of endemic Bornmuellera kiyakii and B. glabrescens (Brassicaceae) from Turkey. Gazi University of Journal of Science 32, 776-790. https://doi.org/10.35378/gujs.455316
  • [18] Akbar, F. & Begum, K. (2020). A comparative anatomical investigation of three taxa of Brassica L. from Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 27(1), 15-26. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v27i1.47566
  • [19] Çıtak, B.Y., Dural, H. & Gönen, B. (2016). Selçuk Üniversitesi Alâeddin Keykubat Kampüsü’nde Yayılış Gösteren Bazı Bitkilerin Polen Morfolojileri. Selçuk Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Fen Dergisi 42(1), 42-56.
  • [20] Lenser, T., Graeber, K., Çevik, Ö.S., Adıgüzel, N., Dönmez, A.A., Grosche, C., Kettermann, M., Mayland- Quellhorst, S., Mérai, Z., Mohammadin, S., Nguyen, T., Rümpler, F., Schulze, C., Sperber, K., Steinbrecher, T., Wiegand, N., Strnad, M., Scheid, O.M., Rensing, S.A., Schranz, M.E., Theißen, G., Mummenhoff, K., Leubner-Metzger, G. 2016. Developmental control and plasticity of fruit and seed dimorphism in Aethionema arabicum. Plant Physiology 172, 1697-1707.
  • [21] Dural, H. & Çıtak, B.Y. (2020). The Anatomical Characteristics of Endemic Aethionema dumanii Vural & Adıgüzel (Brassicaceae). Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi 23 (2), 435-440
  • [22] Karaismailoğlu, C. (2019). Comparative morphology and anatomy of seeds of some Aethionema W.T. Aiton (Brassicaceae) taxa from Turkey. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 26, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjpt.v26i1.41911

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Biodiversity Conservation
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Barış YILDIRIM This is me
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7723-7212
Türkiye


Hüseyin DURAL This is me
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5579-5037
Türkiye


Burcu YILMAZ ÇITAK (Primary Author)
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3703-7731
Türkiye

Project Number 18201044
Publication Date December 15, 2021
Application Date March 17, 2021
Acceptance Date November 5, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 14, Issue 3

Cite

APA Yıldırım, B. , Dural, H. & Yılmaz Çıtak, B. (2021). Morphological, anatomical, palynological, and micromorphological study on Diplotaxis tenuifolia (Brassicaceae) . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 14 (3) , 365-371 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2021.897954

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