Research Article
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Fig (Ficus carica L.) field gene banks and studies

Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 3, 308 - 319, 15.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2022.1144871

Abstract

Fig field gene banks are gene pools that have an important place in protecting genetic diversity, using it for various breeding programs and transferring it to future generations. Management of genetic resources; includes conservation, enrichment, characterization, evaluation and documentation. 354 local female and male fig cultivars/genotypes collected from the fig growing regions of the country through survey and selection studies within the body of the Fig Research Institute Directorate in Aydın Province, Turkey, have been taken under protection in the fig field gene bank. Hatay Olive Research Institute Directorate is the second degree responsible institution for the conservation of fig genetic resources. In this study, fig field gene bank and studies of “Fig (Ficus carica L.) Genetic Resources Conservation and Characterization” project work and world fig field gene banks studies are included.

References

  • [1] Abdullateef S., Pinker I., & Böhme, M.(2011). The current conservatıon status of hortıcultural genetıc resources and their cryopreservatıon future In Syrıain I.International Symposium on Cryopreservation. Horticultural Species. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 908: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.908.53
  • [2] Achtak H., Ater, M., Oukabli, A., Santoni, S., Kjellberg, F., & Khadari, B. (2010). Traditional agroecosystems as conservatories and incubators of cultivated plant varietal diversity: the case of fig (Ficus carica L.) in Morocco. Research article, Open Access, BMC Plant Biology volume 10, Article number: 28
  • [3] Anonymous, (2022a). Botanic gardens conservation ınternational. https://www.bgci.org/. 25.03.2022, 14.00.
  • [4] Anonymous, (2022b). ArbNet. The interactive community of Arboreta. Available at http://www.arbnet.org/ Erişim: 25.03.2022, 14.00.
  • [5] Anonymous, (2003). International Plant Genetic Resources Instit., (IPGRI), Rome (Italy); Pages: 52 p.
  • [6] Amiri, M.E., (2008). The status of genetic resources of deciduous, tropical, and subtropical fruit species in Iran. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 769: XXVII International Horticultural Congress - IHC2006: International Symposium on Asian Plants with Unique Horticultural Potential. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.769.21
  • [7] Gabriela, M., Rodrigues F., Naiara L.,Monteiro H., Flávio A., Ferreira A., Santos TPd, Pavan, BE., Antônio V., Neves, B., & Bolani, A.C. (2018). Genetic variability in morphological characters among Fig tree accessions Fig genetic conservation. Genet.Mol.Res. 17(4): http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039931 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039931
  • [8] Gabriela, M., Rodrigues F., Flávio A., Ferreira A., Naiara L., Monteiro H., Santos TPd, Aparecido L., Lisboa M., Alexandre P., & Figueiredo Md., (2019a). Initial growth and physiological indexes of Fig accessions in active germoplasm bank. Genetics and plant breeding Rev. Bras. Frutic. 41 (4) https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452019154
  • [9] Gabriela, M., Rodrigues F., Santos TPd, Flávio A., Ferreira A., Naiara L.,Honorato, M., Sayuri, E., Aparecida, N., & Boliani, C. (2019b). Morphological characterization of active germoplasm bank fig tree accessions. Genetics and plant breeding Rev. Bras. Frutic. 41 (5) https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452019074
  • [10] Gil M., Pérez F., Giraldo E., Cortés, J., & López-Corrales M.(2011).Classification and synonymy of'Albacor'fig in the genebank at Finca La Orden, Spain. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 918: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): III International Symposium on Plant Genetic Resources. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.126
  • [11] Gixhari, B. (2019).Assessing the genetic diversity of cultivated crops, 2nd Part Instıtute Of Plant Genetıc Resources Agrıcultural Unıversıty Of Tırana. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Belul-Gixhari/publication/350442148_Assessing_the_genetic_diversity_of_cultivated_crops/links/605f84bf458515e83476d7e4/Assessing-the-genetic-diversity-of-cultivated-crops.pdf
  • [12] Figliuolo,G., & Nuzzi M., (2021). Biogenetic linkage among ecotopes within Matera-Sassi (Italy) Habitat. Open Journal of Genetics Vol.11 No.4,November 4, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2021.114007 55 [13] Hummer K., & Postman J. 2013. Thırty years of preservıng clonal genetıc resources ın The Us Natıonal Plant Germplasm System. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1007: II All Africa Horticulture Congress. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1007.118
  • [14] Khadari,B. (2010). Ex situ management of fıg (Fıcus carıca l.) Genetıc resources: towards the establishment of the Mediterranean reference collectıon. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 940: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): International Symposium on the Challenge for a Sustainable Production, Protection and Consumption of Mediterranean Fruits and Nuts. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.940.7
  • [15] Khadari, B. (2012). Ex Situ management of fıg (Fıcus carıca L.) genetıc resources: towards the establishment of The Mediterranean Reference Collectıon. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 940: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): International Symposium on the Challenge for a Sustainable Production, Protection and Consumption of Mediterranean Fruits and Nuts. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.940.7
  • [16] Khokhlov S., Tsiupka S., Panyushkina E., Kharchenko, A., & Melnikov V. (2021). Section genetic resources are the basis of selection and seed production in the development of organic agriculture, formation and evaluation of the genefund of subtropical cultures in the Nikita Botanical Gardens. International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture. DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202125401014
  • [17] Knapp WM, Frances A, Noss R, Naczi RF, Weakley A, Gann GD, Baldwin BG, Miller J, McIntyre P., & Mishler BD. (2021). Vascular plant extinction in the continental United States and Canada. Conservation Biology 35: 360– 368.
  • [18] Llácer, G., Aksoy, U., & Mars, M.(1995). The fig tree in the Mediterranean region and in Syria.Zaragosa: Cıheam. Cahiers Options Mediterraeennes: n.13 p:79-83.
  • [19] Mounce R, Smith P., & Brockington S. (2017). Ex situ conservation of plant diversity in the world’s botanic gardens. Nature Plants 3: 795– 802.
  • [20] O’Donnell, K., & Sharrock, S. (2017). The contribution of botanic gardens to ex situ conservation through seed banking. Plant Diversity 39(6) December 2017DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2017.11.005 [21] Schulman L, & Lehvävirta S. (2011). Botanic gardens in the age of climate change. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 217– 220.
  • [22] Smith SA, & Walker JF. (2019). Py phlawd: a python tool for phylogenetic dataset construction. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10: 104– 108.
  • [23] Strover E., & Aradhya M. (2008). Fıg genetic resources and research at the us national clonal germplasm reposıtory in Davıs, Calıfornıa. (Contact Grin Global: http://www.ars-grin.gov/dav/) ISHS Acta Horticulturae 798: III International Symposium on Fig. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.6
  • [24] Tripathi, P., (2017). Principles, Strategies & practices of exploration, collection, characterization, evaluation & cataloging of plant genetic resources ımportant fruit crops. Project: Plant genetic Resources of Horticultural Crops DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15781.60648
  • [25] Zaurov,D.E., Mehlenbacher, S.A., Manier, T.J.,Goffreda, J.C., & Funk J.R.(2005).Genetic resources of temparate and suptropical fruit and nut species at the Nikita Botanical Gardens. Hor Science 40 (1):5-9.

İncir (Ficus carica L.) arazi gen bankaları ve çalışmaları

Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 3, 308 - 319, 15.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2022.1144871

Abstract

İncir arazi gen bankaları; genetik çeşitliliğin korunması, çeşitli ıslah programları için kullanılması ve gelecek nesillere aktarılması konusunda önemli bir yere sahip gen havuzlarıdır. Genetik kaynakların yönetimi; koruma, zenginleştirme, karakterizasyon, değerlendirme ve dökümantasyon konularını içerir. Türkiye’nin Aydın İli’nde bulunan, İncir Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü bünyesinde, ülkenin incir yetişen bölgelerinden sürvey ve seleksiyon çalışmaları ile toplanmış 354 yerel dişi ve erkek incir çeşit/genotipi incir arazi gen bankasında koruma altına alınmıştır. Hatay Zeytincilik Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, incir genetik kaynaklarının muhafazası konusunda ikinci dereceden sorumlu kuruluştur. Bu çalışmada, “İncir (Ficus carica L.) Genetik Kaynakları Muhafaza ve Karakterizasyonu” proje çalışmasının incir arazi gen bankası ve yapılan çalışmaları kısmı ile dünya incir arazi gen bankaları çalışmalarına yer verilmiştir.

References

  • [1] Abdullateef S., Pinker I., & Böhme, M.(2011). The current conservatıon status of hortıcultural genetıc resources and their cryopreservatıon future In Syrıain I.International Symposium on Cryopreservation. Horticultural Species. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 908: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.908.53
  • [2] Achtak H., Ater, M., Oukabli, A., Santoni, S., Kjellberg, F., & Khadari, B. (2010). Traditional agroecosystems as conservatories and incubators of cultivated plant varietal diversity: the case of fig (Ficus carica L.) in Morocco. Research article, Open Access, BMC Plant Biology volume 10, Article number: 28
  • [3] Anonymous, (2022a). Botanic gardens conservation ınternational. https://www.bgci.org/. 25.03.2022, 14.00.
  • [4] Anonymous, (2022b). ArbNet. The interactive community of Arboreta. Available at http://www.arbnet.org/ Erişim: 25.03.2022, 14.00.
  • [5] Anonymous, (2003). International Plant Genetic Resources Instit., (IPGRI), Rome (Italy); Pages: 52 p.
  • [6] Amiri, M.E., (2008). The status of genetic resources of deciduous, tropical, and subtropical fruit species in Iran. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 769: XXVII International Horticultural Congress - IHC2006: International Symposium on Asian Plants with Unique Horticultural Potential. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.769.21
  • [7] Gabriela, M., Rodrigues F., Naiara L.,Monteiro H., Flávio A., Ferreira A., Santos TPd, Pavan, BE., Antônio V., Neves, B., & Bolani, A.C. (2018). Genetic variability in morphological characters among Fig tree accessions Fig genetic conservation. Genet.Mol.Res. 17(4): http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039931 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039931
  • [8] Gabriela, M., Rodrigues F., Flávio A., Ferreira A., Naiara L., Monteiro H., Santos TPd, Aparecido L., Lisboa M., Alexandre P., & Figueiredo Md., (2019a). Initial growth and physiological indexes of Fig accessions in active germoplasm bank. Genetics and plant breeding Rev. Bras. Frutic. 41 (4) https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452019154
  • [9] Gabriela, M., Rodrigues F., Santos TPd, Flávio A., Ferreira A., Naiara L.,Honorato, M., Sayuri, E., Aparecida, N., & Boliani, C. (2019b). Morphological characterization of active germoplasm bank fig tree accessions. Genetics and plant breeding Rev. Bras. Frutic. 41 (5) https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452019074
  • [10] Gil M., Pérez F., Giraldo E., Cortés, J., & López-Corrales M.(2011).Classification and synonymy of'Albacor'fig in the genebank at Finca La Orden, Spain. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 918: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): III International Symposium on Plant Genetic Resources. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.918.126
  • [11] Gixhari, B. (2019).Assessing the genetic diversity of cultivated crops, 2nd Part Instıtute Of Plant Genetıc Resources Agrıcultural Unıversıty Of Tırana. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Belul-Gixhari/publication/350442148_Assessing_the_genetic_diversity_of_cultivated_crops/links/605f84bf458515e83476d7e4/Assessing-the-genetic-diversity-of-cultivated-crops.pdf
  • [12] Figliuolo,G., & Nuzzi M., (2021). Biogenetic linkage among ecotopes within Matera-Sassi (Italy) Habitat. Open Journal of Genetics Vol.11 No.4,November 4, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2021.114007 55 [13] Hummer K., & Postman J. 2013. Thırty years of preservıng clonal genetıc resources ın The Us Natıonal Plant Germplasm System. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 1007: II All Africa Horticulture Congress. DOI:10.17660/ActaHortic.2013.1007.118
  • [14] Khadari,B. (2010). Ex situ management of fıg (Fıcus carıca l.) Genetıc resources: towards the establishment of the Mediterranean reference collectıon. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 940: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): International Symposium on the Challenge for a Sustainable Production, Protection and Consumption of Mediterranean Fruits and Nuts. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.940.7
  • [15] Khadari, B. (2012). Ex Situ management of fıg (Fıcus carıca L.) genetıc resources: towards the establishment of The Mediterranean Reference Collectıon. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 940: XXVIII International Horticultural Congress on Science and Horticulture for People (IHC2010): International Symposium on the Challenge for a Sustainable Production, Protection and Consumption of Mediterranean Fruits and Nuts. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2012.940.7
  • [16] Khokhlov S., Tsiupka S., Panyushkina E., Kharchenko, A., & Melnikov V. (2021). Section genetic resources are the basis of selection and seed production in the development of organic agriculture, formation and evaluation of the genefund of subtropical cultures in the Nikita Botanical Gardens. International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental and Applied Research in Biology and Agriculture. DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202125401014
  • [17] Knapp WM, Frances A, Noss R, Naczi RF, Weakley A, Gann GD, Baldwin BG, Miller J, McIntyre P., & Mishler BD. (2021). Vascular plant extinction in the continental United States and Canada. Conservation Biology 35: 360– 368.
  • [18] Llácer, G., Aksoy, U., & Mars, M.(1995). The fig tree in the Mediterranean region and in Syria.Zaragosa: Cıheam. Cahiers Options Mediterraeennes: n.13 p:79-83.
  • [19] Mounce R, Smith P., & Brockington S. (2017). Ex situ conservation of plant diversity in the world’s botanic gardens. Nature Plants 3: 795– 802.
  • [20] O’Donnell, K., & Sharrock, S. (2017). The contribution of botanic gardens to ex situ conservation through seed banking. Plant Diversity 39(6) December 2017DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2017.11.005 [21] Schulman L, & Lehvävirta S. (2011). Botanic gardens in the age of climate change. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 217– 220.
  • [22] Smith SA, & Walker JF. (2019). Py phlawd: a python tool for phylogenetic dataset construction. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10: 104– 108.
  • [23] Strover E., & Aradhya M. (2008). Fıg genetic resources and research at the us national clonal germplasm reposıtory in Davıs, Calıfornıa. (Contact Grin Global: http://www.ars-grin.gov/dav/) ISHS Acta Horticulturae 798: III International Symposium on Fig. DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2008.798.6
  • [24] Tripathi, P., (2017). Principles, Strategies & practices of exploration, collection, characterization, evaluation & cataloging of plant genetic resources ımportant fruit crops. Project: Plant genetic Resources of Horticultural Crops DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.15781.60648
  • [25] Zaurov,D.E., Mehlenbacher, S.A., Manier, T.J.,Goffreda, J.C., & Funk J.R.(2005).Genetic resources of temparate and suptropical fruit and nut species at the Nikita Botanical Gardens. Hor Science 40 (1):5-9.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Arzu AYAR> (Primary Author)
İncir Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü
0000-0002-2080-209X
Türkiye

Supporting Institution TAGEM / İncir Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü
Project Number TAGEM/TBAD/15/A01/P01/001
Early Pub Date December 16, 2022
Publication Date December 15, 2022
Submission Date July 18, 2022
Acceptance Date October 4, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 15, Issue 3

Cite

APA Ayar, A. (2022). İncir (Ficus carica L.) arazi gen bankaları ve çalışmaları . Biyolojik Çeşitlilik ve Koruma , 15 (3) , 308-319 . DOI: 10.46309/biodicon.2022.1144871

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