Research Article
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A preliminary assessment of faunal mortality on a road through Mannur Reserve Forest, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Year 2023, Volume: 16 Issue: 3, 173 - 179, 15.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2023.1258866

Abstract

Many studies have shown that anthropological acts driven by human demands have led to the extinction of numerous plant and animal species, or have put them in danger of becoming extinct. Deforestation is a serious occurrence that damages the ecosystem permanently, reduces biodiversity, and interferes with an entire ecological niche's capacity to function. Evidence on the causes and impacts of vehicle mobility in a forest reserve area is provided by the present research. Animal mortality was shown to be higher during the lockdown with traffic relaxation and somewhat lower during the lockdown without relaxation. The present study shows how unregulated automobile access into the Mannur Protected Forest results in significant faunal fatalities. The state has to be persuaded to exclusively adopt Good Environmental Practices (GEP) while constructing roads through the forest, and the appropriate authorities must keep an eye on the movement of automobiles through the remote forest zone.

Supporting Institution

Jeevan Research Foundation, Chennai- 600056, Tamil Nadu, India

References

  • [1] Wilcove, D. S., Giam, X., Edwards, D. P., Fisher, B., & Koh, L. P. (2013). Navjot's nightmare revisited: Logging, agriculture, and biodiversity in Southeast Asia. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28(9), 531–540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.04.005
  • [2] Riyaz, M., Shah, R. A., & Packiam, S. M. (2022). Insect conservation and management: A need of the hour. In H. A. F. El-Shafie (Ed.), Global decline of insects. IntechOpen. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.100023
  • [3] Cardinale, B. J., Duffy, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D. U., Perrings, C., Venail, P., Narwani, A., Mace, G. M., Tilman, D., Wardle, D. A., Kinzig, A. P., Daily, G. C., Loreau, M., Grace, J. B., Larigauderie, A., Srivastava, D. S., & Naeem, S. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486(7401), 59–67. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11148
  • [4] Laurance, W. F., Sayer, J., & Cassman, K. G. (2014). Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29(2), 107–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.12.001
  • [5] Culliney, T. (2013). Role of arthropods in maintaining soil fertility. Agriculture, 3(4), 629–659. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture3040629
  • [6] Forman, R. T. T., & Alexander, L. E. (1998). Roads and their major ecological effects. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29(1), 207–231. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.207.
  • [7] Fahrig, L., Rytwinski, T., & Desrochers, A. (2011). Effects of roads on animal abundance: An empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society, 16(1), 21.
  • [8] Erritzoe, J., Mazgajski, T. D., & Rejt, Ł. (2003). Bird casualties on European roads—A review. Acta Ornithologica, 38(2), 77–93. https://doi.org/10.3161/068.038.0204
  • [9] Santos, S. M., Lourenço, A., Mira, A., & Beja, P. (2011). Patterns of road mortality and mitigation measures in a highly fragmented landscape in Mediterranean Europe. Environmental Management, 48(4), 834–847.
  • [10] Aswathi, K., & Sureshan, P. M. (2017). Additions to the scorpion fauna (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of Kerala, India, with an illustrated key to the genera. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 9(2), 9844–9850. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2039.9.2.9844-9850
  • [11] Bhowmik, H. K., Saha, B. C., & Bhargava, R. (1990). Contribution to the Acridid fauna (Orthoptera) of north-eastern states of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 86(2), 217–227. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v86/i2/1990/161655
  • [12] Chezhian, Y., & Prabakaran, S. (2016). Diversity of millipedes (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) in Yelagiri hills, Eastern Ghats, Vellore district, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 3(2), 91–97.
  • [13] Daniel, J. A. (2017). Commonly found avifauna of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(4), 46–52.
  • [14] Das, I., & Bhupathy, S. (2009). Melanochelys trijuga (Schweigger 1812). Indian black turtle. In Chelonian Research Monographs A. G. J. Conservation biology of Freshwater turtles and tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group Rhodin et al. (Eds.), 5 (pp. 038.1–038.9).
  • [15] Fabricius. (1775). Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus, 289.
  • [16] Prabakaran, S., Chezhian, Y., Ezhumalai, P., & Ramesh, G. (2015). Diversity of cockroaches in Yelagiri hills part of Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 2(3), 30–35.
  • [17] Subramanian, K. A., Dinesh, K. P., & Radhakrishnan, C. (2013). Atlas of endemic amphibians of Western Ghats: 1–246. Published by the Director. Zoological Survey of India. Kolkata, India.
  • [18] Pratihar, S., Patra, B., Samarasinghe, S. A., & Dinal, J. S. (2014). Duttaphrynus in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Indian Forester, 140, 1035–1037.
  • [19] Surender, G., Kumar, R. S., Swamy, K., Naresh, B., & Vasudeva, R. V. (2015). Partial albinism in house crow (Corvus splendens) at Baswapur village of Nizamabad District, Telangana. International Journal of Advances in Case Reports, 2(1), 28–31.
  • [20] Mukherjee, S., Banerjee, S., Saha, G. K., Basu, P., & Aditya, G. (2015). Butterfly diversity in Kolkata, India: An appraisal for conservation management. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 8(3), 210–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2015.08.001
  • [21] Ammanna, V. H. F. (2013). Calotes versicolor (Asian garden lizard). Herpetological Bulletin, 126.

Mannur Rezerv Ormanı, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, Hindistan'dan geçen bir yolda fauna ölümlerinin ön değerlendirmesim

Year 2023, Volume: 16 Issue: 3, 173 - 179, 15.12.2023
https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2023.1258866

Abstract

Birçok araştırma, insan taleplerine dayalı antropolojik eylemlerin, çok sayıda bitki ve hayvan türünün yok olmasına veya yok olma tehlikesiyle karşı karşıya kalmasına yol açtığını göstermiştir. Ormansızlaşma, ekosisteme kalıcı olarak zarar veren, biyoçeşitliliği azaltan ve tüm ekolojik nişin işlev görme kapasitesine müdahale eden ciddi bir olaydır. Bir orman koruma alanındaki araç hareketliliğinin nedenleri ve etkilerine ilişkin kanıtlar bu araştırma tarafından sağlanmaktadır. Hayvan ölümlerinin, tecrit sırasında gevşeme ile daha yüksek ve gevşeme olmadan tecrit sırasında biraz daha düşük olduğu gösterildi. Bu çalışma, Mannur Koruma Altındaki Ormana düzensiz otomobil erişiminin nasıl önemli faunal ölümlere yol açtığını göstermektedir. Devlet, ormanın içinden yollar inşa ederken yalnızca İyi Çevresel Uygulamaları (GEP) benimsemeye ikna edilmeli ve uygun makamlar, uzak orman bölgesinde otomobillerin hareketine göz kulak olmalıdır.

References

  • [1] Wilcove, D. S., Giam, X., Edwards, D. P., Fisher, B., & Koh, L. P. (2013). Navjot's nightmare revisited: Logging, agriculture, and biodiversity in Southeast Asia. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28(9), 531–540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.04.005
  • [2] Riyaz, M., Shah, R. A., & Packiam, S. M. (2022). Insect conservation and management: A need of the hour. In H. A. F. El-Shafie (Ed.), Global decline of insects. IntechOpen. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.100023
  • [3] Cardinale, B. J., Duffy, J. E., Gonzalez, A., Hooper, D. U., Perrings, C., Venail, P., Narwani, A., Mace, G. M., Tilman, D., Wardle, D. A., Kinzig, A. P., Daily, G. C., Loreau, M., Grace, J. B., Larigauderie, A., Srivastava, D. S., & Naeem, S. (2012). Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature, 486(7401), 59–67. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11148
  • [4] Laurance, W. F., Sayer, J., & Cassman, K. G. (2014). Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 29(2), 107–116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2013.12.001
  • [5] Culliney, T. (2013). Role of arthropods in maintaining soil fertility. Agriculture, 3(4), 629–659. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture3040629
  • [6] Forman, R. T. T., & Alexander, L. E. (1998). Roads and their major ecological effects. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29(1), 207–231. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.207.
  • [7] Fahrig, L., Rytwinski, T., & Desrochers, A. (2011). Effects of roads on animal abundance: An empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society, 16(1), 21.
  • [8] Erritzoe, J., Mazgajski, T. D., & Rejt, Ł. (2003). Bird casualties on European roads—A review. Acta Ornithologica, 38(2), 77–93. https://doi.org/10.3161/068.038.0204
  • [9] Santos, S. M., Lourenço, A., Mira, A., & Beja, P. (2011). Patterns of road mortality and mitigation measures in a highly fragmented landscape in Mediterranean Europe. Environmental Management, 48(4), 834–847.
  • [10] Aswathi, K., & Sureshan, P. M. (2017). Additions to the scorpion fauna (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of Kerala, India, with an illustrated key to the genera. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 9(2), 9844–9850. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.2039.9.2.9844-9850
  • [11] Bhowmik, H. K., Saha, B. C., & Bhargava, R. (1990). Contribution to the Acridid fauna (Orthoptera) of north-eastern states of India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 86(2), 217–227. https://doi.org/10.26515/rzsi/v86/i2/1990/161655
  • [12] Chezhian, Y., & Prabakaran, S. (2016). Diversity of millipedes (Myriapoda: Diplopoda) in Yelagiri hills, Eastern Ghats, Vellore district, Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 3(2), 91–97.
  • [13] Daniel, J. A. (2017). Commonly found avifauna of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(4), 46–52.
  • [14] Das, I., & Bhupathy, S. (2009). Melanochelys trijuga (Schweigger 1812). Indian black turtle. In Chelonian Research Monographs A. G. J. Conservation biology of Freshwater turtles and tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group Rhodin et al. (Eds.), 5 (pp. 038.1–038.9).
  • [15] Fabricius. (1775). Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adiectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus, 289.
  • [16] Prabakaran, S., Chezhian, Y., Ezhumalai, P., & Ramesh, G. (2015). Diversity of cockroaches in Yelagiri hills part of Eastern Ghats of Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies, 2(3), 30–35.
  • [17] Subramanian, K. A., Dinesh, K. P., & Radhakrishnan, C. (2013). Atlas of endemic amphibians of Western Ghats: 1–246. Published by the Director. Zoological Survey of India. Kolkata, India.
  • [18] Pratihar, S., Patra, B., Samarasinghe, S. A., & Dinal, J. S. (2014). Duttaphrynus in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Indian Forester, 140, 1035–1037.
  • [19] Surender, G., Kumar, R. S., Swamy, K., Naresh, B., & Vasudeva, R. V. (2015). Partial albinism in house crow (Corvus splendens) at Baswapur village of Nizamabad District, Telangana. International Journal of Advances in Case Reports, 2(1), 28–31.
  • [20] Mukherjee, S., Banerjee, S., Saha, G. K., Basu, P., & Aditya, G. (2015). Butterfly diversity in Kolkata, India: An appraisal for conservation management. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, 8(3), 210–221. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.japb.2015.08.001
  • [21] Ammanna, V. H. F. (2013). Calotes versicolor (Asian garden lizard). Herpetological Bulletin, 126.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Conservation and Biodiversity
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Yoseph CHEZHİAN 0000-0002-6202-9971

Prabakaran SARANGAN 0000-0002-8366-5168

Muzafar RİYAZ 0000-0001-9372-681X

Chidambaram TAMİLSELVAN 0000-0002-4193-418X

Early Pub Date December 8, 2023
Publication Date December 15, 2023
Submission Date March 14, 2023
Acceptance Date September 4, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 16 Issue: 3

Cite

APA CHEZHİAN, Y., SARANGAN, P., RİYAZ, M., TAMİLSELVAN, C. (2023). A preliminary assessment of faunal mortality on a road through Mannur Reserve Forest, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India. Biyolojik Çeşitlilik Ve Koruma, 16(3), 173-179. https://doi.org/10.46309/biodicon.2023.1258866

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