Year 2020, Volume 3 , Issue 2, Pages 162 - 164 2020-04-01

Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.)

Aydin ALTOP [1] , Emrah GUNGOR [2] , Guray ERENER [3]


The effects of Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis on the nutritional composition of sweet cherry kernel (CK) were investigated in this study. Cherry kernels were milled to the size of 2 mm and fermented with A. niger and B. subtilis for 7 days. The crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), ash, crude fiber (CF), neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and acid detergent fiber (ADF) content was determined before and after fermentation. Hemicellulose (HC) was calculated as NDF minus ADF. Both A. niger and B. subtilis increased (p<0.001) CP and ash content, decreased CF (p<0.001), HC (p<0.001) and NFE (p<0.01) content and did not change EE and ADF content of CK. The NDF content was decreased (p<0.01) by A. niger but was not changed by B. subtilis. Aspergillus niger cause more increase (p<0.001) of CP and ash and a higher decrease in CF (p<0.001) and HC (p<0.05) than B. subtilis. These results showed that the nutritional composition of CK can be improved by A. niger and B. subtilis through solid state fermentation. Aspergillus niger shows better performance compared with B. subtilis.

Sweet cherry kernel, Prunus avium L., Solid state fermentation, Nutritional enrichment, Aspergillus niger, Bacillus subtilis
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Primary Language en
Subjects Agriculture, Dairy and Animal Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3966-300X
Author: Aydin ALTOP (Primary Author)
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4380-6162
Author: Emrah GUNGOR
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8025-2560
Author: Guray ERENER
Institution: ONDOKUZ MAYIS UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { bsagriculture630477, journal = {Black Sea Journal of Agriculture}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6578}, address = {bsjagri@blackseapublishers.com}, publisher = {Hasan ÖNDER}, year = {2020}, volume = {3}, pages = {162 - 164}, doi = {}, title = {Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.)}, key = {cite}, author = {Altop, Aydin and Gungor, Emrah and Erener, Guray} }
APA Altop, A , Gungor, E , Erener, G . (2020). Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.) . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture , 3 (2) , 162-164 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/51814/630477
MLA Altop, A , Gungor, E , Erener, G . "Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.)" . Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 (2020 ): 162-164 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/bsagriculture/issue/51814/630477>
Chicago Altop, A , Gungor, E , Erener, G . "Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.)". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 (2020 ): 162-164
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.) AU - Aydin Altop , Emrah Gungor , Guray Erener Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Black Sea Journal of Agriculture JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 162 EP - 164 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2618-6578 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Black Sea Journal of Agriculture Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.) %A Aydin Altop , Emrah Gungor , Guray Erener %T Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.) %D 2020 %J Black Sea Journal of Agriculture %P -2618-6578 %V 3 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Altop, Aydin , Gungor, Emrah , Erener, Guray . "Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.)". Black Sea Journal of Agriculture 3 / 2 (April 2020): 162-164 .
AMA Altop A , Gungor E , Erener G . Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.). BSJ Agri.. 2020; 3(2): 162-164.
Vancouver Altop A , Gungor E , Erener G . Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis Change the Nutritional Composition of Sweet Cherry Kernel (Prunus avium L.). Black Sea Journal of Agriculture. 2020; 3(2): 162-164.