Cyclophosphamide (CPM) is an extensively used antineoplastic drug that induces toxicity in the health cell because of its metabolites. The main disadvantage of this drug is myelosuppression. Escin (ES) is a natural mixture of triterpenoid saponins that has biological properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammation, and anti-edematous. The present study aims to investigate the possible effects of ES upon the toxic effects of CPM on blood cells and bone marrow. Spraque Dawley male rats were chosen and categorized into 4 different groups, including the control group, 200 mg/kg CPM, 10 mg/kg ES and ES+CPM. Rats in all groups were discontinued 1 day after injections. After the animals were cut under anesthesia, bone marrow and blood samples were collected. A fall in the number of erythrocyte, hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocyte (97%), platelets (45%), and bone marrow cells (93.6%) was seen in the CPM group. Conversely, blood cells (erythrocyte, hemoglobin, hematocrit, leukocyte, and platelets), as well as bone marrow cells in ES + CPM had increased by comparison with CPM. Our results show that treating rats with a selected dose range of ES may help decrease the toxic effects of CPM upon blood cells and bone marrow.
: January 20, 2020
|APA||Cengiz, M , Ayhancı, A , Kutlu, H . (2020). Investigation into the Protective Effects of Escin on Blood Cells and Cyclophosphamide-Induced Bone Marrow Toxicity in Rats . Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 7 (2) , 730-738 . DOI: 10.35193/bseufbd.677193|