Year 2020, Volume 7 , Issue 2, Pages 1170 - 1181 2020-12-30

HVDC Güç İletim Sistemleri Konusunda Bir Derleme
A Survey on HVDC Power Transmission Systems

Mahir KUTAY [1] , Ahmad USMAN [2]


Elektrik enerjisi, dünyaçapında “AlternatifAkım” (AC) olarak üretilir ve taşınır. Bununlabirlikte, “DoğruAkım” (DC) güç iletiminin AC'den daha üstün olduğu bazı uygulamalar vardır. DC'den AC'ye ve AC'den DC'ye dönüşümler için iyi bir control ve düzenleme sağlayan teknoloji eksikliğinden kaynaklanan sorunlar nedeniyle, DC güç iletim teknolojisi yaygınlaşmamıştır. Güç elektroniği cihazlarının geliştirilmesi, “Yüksek Gerilim Doğru Akım” (HVDC) güç aktarımındaki kısıtlamaların büyük bir kısmını kaldırmıştır. HVDC kullanımı, ekonomik faydaları ve “Yüksek Gerilim Alternatif Akım” (HVAC) güç aktarımına gore teknik avantajları nedeniyle uzun bir süredir günlük kullanımın bir parçası olmuştur. HVDC uzun mesafelerde güç aktarımında kayıpların azaltılması ve farklı frekanslarda çalışan ülkelerin güç sistemlerini birbirine bağlamasında HVAC ye gore daha avantajlıdır. Bu makalede HVDC ilkeleri tanıtılmakta, HVDC'nin dünyadaki uygulamaları karşılaştırılmaktave bu teknolojide gelecekte ihtiyaç duyulacak gelişmeler tartışılmaktadır.

Electric power is generated and transported globally by the means of an “Alternating Current” (AC) process. However, there are some applications in which “Direct Current” (DC) power transmission is superior to AC. Problems due to the lack of technology that provides good control and regulation for conversions of DC-to-AC and AC-to-DC hampered deployment of DC power transmission technology. The development of power electronic devices has removed a large portion of restrictions on “High Voltage Direct Current” (HVDC) power transportation. HVDC use has become part of daily use for a long time due to its economic benefits and technical advantages over the “High Voltage Alternating Current” (HVAC) power transmission. The advantages of HVDC make it suitable for power transmission over long distances and for connecting power systems of countries operating at different frequencies. This paper introduces the principles of HVDC, compares the applications of HVDC in the world, and discusses the future improvements needed within this technology.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7572-4511
Author: Mahir KUTAY (Primary Author)
Institution: Yaşar Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1753-516X
Author: Ahmad USMAN
Institution: YASAR UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : February 23, 2020
Acceptance Date : July 21, 2020
Publication Date : December 30, 2020

APA Kutay, M , Usman, A . (2020). A Survey on HVDC Power Transmission Systems . Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 7 (2) , 1170-1181 . DOI: 10.35193/bseufbd.693132