With the increasing importance of the sustainability approach, the rapidly developing packaging sector has become an important factor for increasing the sustainability of the production sector. Today, the environmental sustainability of the packaging industry is not fully known. Therefore, this study aims to estimate the life cycle environmental impacts of glass packaging used in the beverage industry. Within the scope of the study, environmental impacts from plant construction and installation, raw material extraction and processing, transportation, production, and waste management stages were evaluated for glass packaging used in the beverage industry. Life cycle analysis has been applied according to the international standards ISO 14040 and ISO 14044. The CML 2001 method has been selected to estimate the eleven environmental impacts. The total GWP is estimated at 1.2 kg CO2 equivalent per kg glass bottle. The production stage is the major contributor, accounting for 84% of the total GWP followed by raw materials extraction and processing (7%), transportation (5%), plant installation (3%) and waste management (1%). The results show that the life-cycle step with the most environmental impact is the glass production step (4.6% ADP-89.0% MAETP) due to the high energy consumption. As a result of the environmental sustainability assessment, improvements in energy and raw material inputs are required to reduce emissions from the production step.
: May 9, 2020
|APA||Atılgan Türkmen, B . (2020). Cam Ambalaj Üretiminin Çevresel Sürdürülebilirliğinin Değerlendirilmesi . Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 7 (2) , 1026-1037 . DOI: 10.35193/bseufbd.734599|