Year 2021, Volume 8 , Issue 1, Pages 186 - 192 2021-06-30

Mikrodalga Radyasyonun Un biti, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)’a Etkisi
Effect of Microwave Radiation to Red Flour Beetle Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)

Emre KARADAĞ [1] , Ali KAYAHAN [2]


Depolanmış ürünlerin korunması oldukça önemlidir. Bu ürünler üzerinde kayıplara sebep olan zararlılara karşı mücadelede üreticiler pestisitleri tercih etmektedir. Ancak araştırmalar bu kimyasalların çevre ve insan sağlığı açısından olumsuz etkilerini ortaya koymaktadır. Bunun önüne geçebilmek için son yıllarda araştırıcılar alternatif yöntemlere yönelmektedir. Bu yöntemlerden biri olan ışınlanma teknikleri, zararlılar üzerinde kısırlaştırıcı, gelişimi engelleyici ve öldürücü etkiye sahiptir. Bununla birlikte zararlılarda direnç ve ürünler üzerinde kalıntı oluşturmama gibi avantajları vardır.
Bu çalışmada mikrodalga ışınlanmasının Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797) (Coleoptera: Tenebirionidae) üzerindeki etkisini ortaya koymak amacıyla ergin bireyler değişik güç ve sürelerde radyasyona maruz bırakılmıştır. Denemelerde mikrodalga radyasyonu için 5 değer (120, 350, 460, 600, 700 watt), süre olarak da 7 süre (5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 sn) belirlenmiş ve uygulanmıştır. Denemeler kurulduktan bir saat sonra canlı ve ölü bireyler sayılıp kaydedilmiştir. Elde edilen verilere bakıldığında radyasyon miktarı ve uygulama süresi arttıkça meydana gelen ölümlerin de arttığı belirlenmiştir.
Bu çalışma sonucunda elde edilen veriler incelendiğinde fiziksel bir mücadele yöntemi olan mikrodalga radyasyonunun, T. castaneum ergin bireyleri üzerinde öldürücü etki gösterdiği saptanmış ve yoğun şekilde uygulanan kimyasal mücadeleye alternatif bir yöntem olarak kullanılabileceği kanısına varılmıştır.

Preservation of stored products is very important. Manufacturers prefer pesticides against pests that cause losses on these products. However, recent researches have revealed the negative effects of these chemicals in terms of environment and human health. Researchers have been turned to alternative methods in recent years to prevent this. Radiation techniques, one of these methods, have a sterilizing, growth-inhibiting, and lethal effect on the pests. Besides, these techniques have advantages, such as not causing resistance to pests and no residue on products.
In this study, adult individuals were exposed to radiation at different power and time with the intent to reveal the effect of microwave irradiation on Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797) (Coleoptera: Tenebirionidae). In the trials, 5 values (120, 350, 460, 600, 700 watts) and 7 times (5, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 seconds) for microwave radiation were determined and applied. One hour after the trials were set up, live and dead individuals were counted and recorded. Considering the data obtained, it was determined that the amount of radiation and the duration of the application increased, and the deaths that occurred increased.
When the data obtained as a result of this study are examined, it is determined that microwave radiation, which is a physical control method, has a lethal effect on adult individuals of T. castaneum, and can be used as an alternative method to the intensively used chemical control.

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Primary Language tr
Subjects Agriculture
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-9786-1143
Author: Emre KARADAĞ
Institution: YOZGAT BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3671-254X
Author: Ali KAYAHAN (Primary Author)
Institution: Bozok Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : January 28, 2021
Acceptance Date : June 3, 2021
Publication Date : June 30, 2021

APA Karadağ, E , Kayahan, A . (2021). Mikrodalga Radyasyonun Un biti, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)’a Etkisi . Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 8 (1) , 186-192 . DOI: 10.35193/bseufbd.870009