We can say that the Shia belief system, which has an important place in the Iranian state tradition, has an impact on the country's domestic and foreign policy. The effects of this belief system based on protest and lament culture are based on the historical background in the Iranian state tradition. This belief system, which we can observe from the Fatimids to the Safavids and the present day, has followed a different path in the Muslim world. The Shia state understanding does not see other states as the divine state except for the state established by Mohammed and Ali. Unlike the caliphate understanding in Sunni, the understanding of imam in Shiite has been developed. Imam has been recognized as both a religious and political leader. Shiism is a set of political, religious and cultural beliefs that have seen themselves different from Sunnis and have fought Sunnis from time to time. The Islamic Republic of Iran, which is the most radically practicing state of Shia today, continues its marginal state policy from the past. This belief system, which is the different interpretation of Islam, is in an effort to export its regime to the geographical regions where Shiites live. In the Muslim world, Shiism remains a minority and tries to establish activities in a geography called Shiism Crescent. This project has a high cost as well as a return. Because the exported funds are met by the people impoverished within the country. The country, whose economy deteriorates with the embargoes applied to the country, spends the vast majority of its gross product to the war economy in order to exist in the Middle East. It is thought that Iran set efforts to produce nuclear weapons can be a deterrent to Western countries with these efforts. In particular, the Iranian state, which conflicts with the USA, the West and Israel, sees this project as a guarantee of their security.
: April 28, 2020
|APA||Karakuş, G . (2020). Iran Real Politics and Political Motivation of Shiite . Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 5 (1) , 110-124 . DOI: 10.33905/bseusbed.728266|