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Kentsel Tarımın Bibliyometrik Analizi ve Coğrafya Bilimindeki Yeri

Year 2023, Volume: 8 Issue: 2, 55 - 71, 30.11.2023
https://doi.org/10.33905/bseusbed.1325778

Abstract

Birleşmiş Milletler’in (2023) raporuna göre 2030 yılına kadar yaklaşık 6 milyar nüfusun kentlerde yaşayacağı tahmin edilmektedir. Böylece artan nüfusun gıda ihtiyacı için kentsel tarımın önemi, avantajları, dezavantajları, geleceği ve sürdürülebilirliği hakkında tartışmalar söz konusudur. Türkiye’de kentsel tarım konusu Peyzaj Mimarlığı, Şehir ve Bölge Planlama, Ziraat Mühendisliği vb. gibi alanlarda çalışılmıştır ancak Coğrafya biliminde yeteri kadar ilgi görmemiştir. Çalışmanın amacı WOS veri tabanında, “kentsel tarım” ve “coğrafya” kelimelerinin yer aldığı makalelerin incelenerek kategori ve temaları belirlemek ve bu kavramlara ilişkin gelecek araştırma yönelimlerine katkı sağlayacak bir zemin hazırlamaktır. Bu makale, diğer çalışmalardan farklı olarak coğrafya biliminde kentsel tarım konusunu bibliyometrik analiz bağlamında ele alan ilk çalışmadır. Çalışmada, coğrafya alanında kentsel tarım konusunu ele alan akademik yayınlar Web of Science Core Collection veri tabanında taranmıştır. Bu veri tabanında 10 Nisan 2023 tarihinde “urban agriculture” and “geography” anahtar kelimesi ile sorgulama yapılmıştır. Yapılan sorgulama sonucunda 129 yayına ulaşılmıştır. Bunlar arasında yayın türü olarak “makale” ve “tüm yıllar” seçilerek filtreleme yapılmıştır. Filtrelemeden sonra ulaşılan 114 makale içerik analizi ile incelenmiş, analiz sonucunda farklı temalardan oluşan üç dönem oluşturulmuştur. Kentsel tarım konusu 2005 öncesi dönemde tanıtma-tanıtım niteliğinde iken, 2005-2015 döneminde tanımlama ve 2015 sonrası dönemde ise eleştirel bir boyuta dönüşmüştür. Yayın miktarı 2018 yılına kadar artarken, Covid-19 sebebiyle gündem değişmiştir. İlerleyen dönemlerde bu konudaki çalışmaların artacağı öngörülmektedir. Sonuç olarak bu makalede, coğrafya alanında kentsel tarım konusunu ele alan makalelerin geçmişten günümüze gelişimi, ele alınan kategoriler ve temalar, kentsel tarım ve coğrafya arasındaki ilişkinin coğrafyacılar tarafından nasıl ele alındığı, kentsel tarım konusunda en üretken ülkeler ve yıllara göre yayın miktarları belirlenmiştir.

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Bibliometric Analysis of Urban Agriculture in Geography Science

Year 2023, Volume: 8 Issue: 2, 55 - 71, 30.11.2023
https://doi.org/10.33905/bseusbed.1325778

Abstract

According to the United Nations (2023) report, it is estimated that approximately 6 billion people will live in cities by 2030. Thus, there are discussions about the importance, advantages, disadvantages, future, and sustainability of urban agriculture for the food needs of the increasing population. In Turkey, urban agriculture has been studied in fields such as Landscape Architecture, Urban and Regional Planning, Agricultural Engineering, etc., but it has not received enough attention in Geography. The aim of this study is to determine the categories and themes by analysing the articles containing the words “urban agriculture” and “geography” in the WOS database and to prepare a ground that will contribute to future research orientations towards this concept. Unlike other studies, this article is the first study that deals with geography and urban agriculture in the context of bibliometric analysis. In the study, academic publications on urban agriculture in the field of geography were scanned in the Web of Science Core Collection database. This database was searched on 10 April 2023 with the keywords “urban agriculture” and “geography”. As a result of the query, 129 publications were reached. Among these, “article” and “all years” were selected as the type of publication and filtered. After filtering, 114 articles were analysed by content analysis and then three periods consisting of different themes were formed. While the subject of urban agriculture was of an introductory nature in the period before 2005, it turned into a definition in the 2005-2015 period and a critical dimension in the post-2015 period. While the number of publications increased until 2018, the agenda changed due to Covid-19. However, it is predicted that studies on this subject will increase in the future. As a result, in this article, the development of articles on urban agriculture in the field of geography from past to present, the categories and themes addressed, how the relationship between urban agriculture and geography is handled by geographers, the most productive countries in the field of urban agriculture and the number of publications by years were determined.

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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects City in Human Geography, Turkish Economic Geography
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Deniz ATEŞ 0000-0002-8373-7328

Harun TUNÇEL 0000-0003-1304-7177

Publication Date November 30, 2023
Submission Date July 11, 2023
Acceptance Date October 19, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2023 Volume: 8 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ATEŞ, D., & TUNÇEL, H. (2023). Kentsel Tarımın Bibliyometrik Analizi ve Coğrafya Bilimindeki Yeri. Bilecik Şeyh Edebali Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 8(2), 55-71. https://doi.org/10.33905/bseusbed.1325778