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BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF SOME ESSENTIAL METALS BY USING CHLORELLA VULGARIS

Year 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1/2, 197 - 208, 16.05.2018

Abstract

                Ağır metal kirliliği bugün en önemli çevre sorunlarından biridir. Esansiyel elementler organizmalar tarafından hayatlarını sürdürmek için metabolizma faaliyetlerinde kullanılan elementlerdir. Bu elementlerin bulunmaması homeostazi dengesizliğine neden olur. Bakır, çinko, kobalt, manganez ve molibden, antropojenik yollarla besin zincirine girerek ciddi sağlık tehlikesi oluşturan esansiyel ağır metallerdir. Bu çalışma canlı C. vulgaris (Chlorophyta) mikroalgini kullanarak 0.5; 1; 2.5; 5 ve 10 ppm konsantrasyonlu sulu solüsyonlardan Cu (II), Co (II), Zn (II), Mo (VI) ve Mn (II) ağır metallerinin giderim kapasitesinin belirlenmesini amaçlamaktadır. Deneyler sırasıyla CuSO4.5H20, CoSO4.7H20, ZnSO4.H2O, Na2MoO4.2H20 ve MnCl2.4H20 analitik derecedeki kimyasal reaktiflerden hazırlanan Cu, Co, Zn, Mo ve Mn sentetik tek metal çözeltileri kullanılarak gerçekleştirildi. Deneysel verilere dayanarak, Chlorella hücreleri tarafından Cu (II), Co (II), Zn (II), Mo (VI) ve Mn (II) için ortalama adsorpsiyon kapasiteleri, sırasıyla 241.006, 238.120, 237.033, 223.396 ve 54.899 mg/g olarak belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar, alg hücrelerini kullanan bu biyosorpsiyon sistemlerinin, kirli sulu ortamlardan ağır metal iyonlarının uzaklaştırılması için umut verici bir alternatif olduğunu göstermiştir.

References

  • ASLAN, S., BOZKURT, Z. and TEKELI, A.N. (2007). “Removal of Cu (II), Ni (II), Cd (II) and Cr (VI) Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Biosorption Processes”, Journal of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 25 (2), 209-219. CABRITA, M.T., RAIMUNDO, J., PEREIRA, P. and VALE, C. (2014). “Immobilised Phaeodactylum tricornutum as Biomonitor of Trace Element Availability in the Water Column During Dredging”, Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 21 (5), 3572-3581. DUBOIS, M., GILLES, A.K., HAMILTON, J.K., REBERS, P.A. and SMITH, F. (1956). “Colorimetric Method for Determination of Sugars and Related Substances”, Analytical Chemistry, 28 (1), 350- 356. ERDEM, E. ve ALTAŞ, L. (2014). Doğal Adsorban Olarak Tüf (Doğantarla-Aksaray) ile Sulardan Ağır Metal Gideriminin İncelenmesi, Aksaray Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aksaray. GEOFFREY, W., GEOFFREY, A, and GEOFFREY, M. (1991). “Effect of Salinity and pH on Cobalt Biosorption by the Estuarine Microalga Chlorella salina”, Biot Metals, 4 (3), 151-157. GOKHALE, S.V., JYOTİ, K.K. and LELE, S.S. (2008). “Kinetic and Equilibrium Modeling of Chromium (VI) Biosorption on Fresh and Spent Spirulina platensis/Chlorella vulgaris Biomass”, Biores. Technol. 99 (1), 3600-3608. GONZALES, L.E., CANIZARES, R.O. and BAENA, S. (1997). “Efficiency of Ammonia and Phosphorus Removal from a Colombian Agroindustrial Wastewater by the Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus dimorphus”, Bioresource Technology, 60 (1), 259-262. JI, L., XIE, S., FENG, J., LI, Y. and CHEN, L. (2011). “Heavy Metal Uptake Capacities by the Common Fresh Water Green Alga Cladophora fracta”, J Appl Phycol, 24 (1), 979-983. KURNIAWAN, T.A., Chan, G. Y. S., Lo, W.H and Babel, S. (2006). “Implication of Electrostatic Forces on the Adsorption Capacity of a Modified Brick for the Removal of Divalent Cations from Water”, Sci. Total Environ. 366 (2), 409-426. MACK, C., WILHELMI, B., DUNCAN, J.R. and BURGESS, J.E. (2007). “Biosorption of Precious Metals”, Biotechnol. Adv. 25 (3), 264-271. MEHTA, S.K., and GAUR, J.P. (2001). “Characterization and Optimization of Ni and Cu Sorption from Aqueous Solution by Chlorella vulgaris”, Ecol. Eng. 18 (2), 1-13. MOISEENKO, T.I. and KUDRYAVTSEVA, L.P. (2001). “Trace Metal Accumulation and Fish Pathologies in Areas Affected by Mining and Metallurgical Enterprises in the Kola Region, Russia”, Environmental Pollution, 114 (2), 285- 297. MORENO-GARRİDO, I., CAMPANA, O., LUBİAN, L.M. and BLASCO, J. (2005). “Calcium Alginate Immobilized Marine Microalgae: Experiments on Growth and Short-Term Heavy Metal Accumulation”, Mar. Pollut. Bull. 51 (8), 823-829. PARSONS, T.R. and STRICKLAND, J.D.H. (1963). “Discussion of Pectrophotometric Determination of Marine Plant Pigments, with Revised Equations for Ascertaining Chlophylls and Carotenoids”, Journal of marine research, 21(3), 155-163. REZAEI, H., SATISH, D. And PRAVEEN, G. (2012). “Study of Physical Chemistry on Biosorption of Zinc by Using Chlorella pyrenoidosa”, Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 86 (8), 1332–1339. RIPKA, R., DERUELLES, J., WATERBURY, J.B., HERDMAN, M., and STAINER, R.Y. (1979). “Generic Assignment, Strain Histories and Properties of Pure Cultures of Cyanobacteria”, J. Gen. Microbiol, 111 (1), 61-65. SCHENCK, R., TESSIER, A. and CAMPBELL, P. (1988). “The Effect of pH on Iron and Manganese Uptake by a Green Alga”, Limnol. Oceanogr. 33(4), 538-550. UZUN, F. ve ALTAŞ, L. (2014). Doğal Adsorban Olarak Zeolit (Bigadiç/Balıkesir) ile Sulardan Ağır Metal Gideriminin İncelenmesi, Aksaray Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aksaray. VIJAYARAGHAVAN, K. and PRABU, D. (2006). “Potential of Sargassum wightii Biomass for Copper(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions: Application of Different Mathematical Models to Batch and Continuous Biosorption Data”, J. Hazard. Mater. 137 (1), 558-564. ZHOU, J.L., HUANG, P.L. and LİN, R.G. (1998). “Sorption and Desorption of Cu and Cd by Macroalgae and Microalgae”, Environ. Pollut. 101 (1), 67-75.

BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF SOME ESSENTIAL METALS BY USING CHLORELLA VULGARIS

Year 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1/2, 197 - 208, 16.05.2018

Abstract

                Ağır metal kirliliği bugün en önemli çevre sorunlarından biridir. Esansiyel elementler organizmalar tarafından hayatlarını sürdürmek için metabolizma faaliyetlerinde kullanılan elementlerdir. Bu elementlerin bulunmaması homeostazi dengesizliğine neden olur. Bakır, çinko, kobalt, manganez ve molibden, antropojenik yollarla besin zincirine girerek ciddi sağlık tehlikesi oluşturan esansiyel ağır metallerdir. Bu çalışma canlı C. vulgaris (Chlorophyta) mikroalgini kullanarak 0.5; 1; 2.5; 5 ve 10 ppm konsantrasyonlu sulu solüsyonlardan Cu (II), Co (II), Zn (II), Mo (VI) ve Mn (II) ağır metallerinin giderim kapasitesinin belirlenmesini amaçlamaktadır. Deneyler sırasıyla CuSO4.5H20, CoSO4.7H20, ZnSO4.H2O, Na2MoO4.2H20 ve MnCl2.4H20 analitik derecedeki kimyasal reaktiflerden hazırlanan Cu, Co, Zn, Mo ve Mn sentetik tek metal çözeltileri kullanılarak gerçekleştirildi. Deneysel verilere dayanarak, Chlorella hücreleri tarafından Cu (II), Co (II), Zn (II), Mo (VI) ve Mn (II) için ortalama adsorpsiyon kapasiteleri, sırasıyla 241.006, 238.120, 237.033, 223.396 ve 54.899 mg/g olarak belirlenmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlar, alg hücrelerini kullanan bu biyosorpsiyon sistemlerinin, kirli sulu ortamlardan ağır metal iyonlarının uzaklaştırılması için umut verici bir alternatif olduğunu göstermiştir.

References

  • ASLAN, S., BOZKURT, Z. and TEKELI, A.N. (2007). “Removal of Cu (II), Ni (II), Cd (II) and Cr (VI) Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Biosorption Processes”, Journal of Engineering and Natural Sciences, 25 (2), 209-219. CABRITA, M.T., RAIMUNDO, J., PEREIRA, P. and VALE, C. (2014). “Immobilised Phaeodactylum tricornutum as Biomonitor of Trace Element Availability in the Water Column During Dredging”, Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 21 (5), 3572-3581. DUBOIS, M., GILLES, A.K., HAMILTON, J.K., REBERS, P.A. and SMITH, F. (1956). “Colorimetric Method for Determination of Sugars and Related Substances”, Analytical Chemistry, 28 (1), 350- 356. ERDEM, E. ve ALTAŞ, L. (2014). Doğal Adsorban Olarak Tüf (Doğantarla-Aksaray) ile Sulardan Ağır Metal Gideriminin İncelenmesi, Aksaray Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aksaray. GEOFFREY, W., GEOFFREY, A, and GEOFFREY, M. (1991). “Effect of Salinity and pH on Cobalt Biosorption by the Estuarine Microalga Chlorella salina”, Biot Metals, 4 (3), 151-157. GOKHALE, S.V., JYOTİ, K.K. and LELE, S.S. (2008). “Kinetic and Equilibrium Modeling of Chromium (VI) Biosorption on Fresh and Spent Spirulina platensis/Chlorella vulgaris Biomass”, Biores. Technol. 99 (1), 3600-3608. GONZALES, L.E., CANIZARES, R.O. and BAENA, S. (1997). “Efficiency of Ammonia and Phosphorus Removal from a Colombian Agroindustrial Wastewater by the Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus dimorphus”, Bioresource Technology, 60 (1), 259-262. JI, L., XIE, S., FENG, J., LI, Y. and CHEN, L. (2011). “Heavy Metal Uptake Capacities by the Common Fresh Water Green Alga Cladophora fracta”, J Appl Phycol, 24 (1), 979-983. KURNIAWAN, T.A., Chan, G. Y. S., Lo, W.H and Babel, S. (2006). “Implication of Electrostatic Forces on the Adsorption Capacity of a Modified Brick for the Removal of Divalent Cations from Water”, Sci. Total Environ. 366 (2), 409-426. MACK, C., WILHELMI, B., DUNCAN, J.R. and BURGESS, J.E. (2007). “Biosorption of Precious Metals”, Biotechnol. Adv. 25 (3), 264-271. MEHTA, S.K., and GAUR, J.P. (2001). “Characterization and Optimization of Ni and Cu Sorption from Aqueous Solution by Chlorella vulgaris”, Ecol. Eng. 18 (2), 1-13. MOISEENKO, T.I. and KUDRYAVTSEVA, L.P. (2001). “Trace Metal Accumulation and Fish Pathologies in Areas Affected by Mining and Metallurgical Enterprises in the Kola Region, Russia”, Environmental Pollution, 114 (2), 285- 297. MORENO-GARRİDO, I., CAMPANA, O., LUBİAN, L.M. and BLASCO, J. (2005). “Calcium Alginate Immobilized Marine Microalgae: Experiments on Growth and Short-Term Heavy Metal Accumulation”, Mar. Pollut. Bull. 51 (8), 823-829. PARSONS, T.R. and STRICKLAND, J.D.H. (1963). “Discussion of Pectrophotometric Determination of Marine Plant Pigments, with Revised Equations for Ascertaining Chlophylls and Carotenoids”, Journal of marine research, 21(3), 155-163. REZAEI, H., SATISH, D. And PRAVEEN, G. (2012). “Study of Physical Chemistry on Biosorption of Zinc by Using Chlorella pyrenoidosa”, Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 86 (8), 1332–1339. RIPKA, R., DERUELLES, J., WATERBURY, J.B., HERDMAN, M., and STAINER, R.Y. (1979). “Generic Assignment, Strain Histories and Properties of Pure Cultures of Cyanobacteria”, J. Gen. Microbiol, 111 (1), 61-65. SCHENCK, R., TESSIER, A. and CAMPBELL, P. (1988). “The Effect of pH on Iron and Manganese Uptake by a Green Alga”, Limnol. Oceanogr. 33(4), 538-550. UZUN, F. ve ALTAŞ, L. (2014). Doğal Adsorban Olarak Zeolit (Bigadiç/Balıkesir) ile Sulardan Ağır Metal Gideriminin İncelenmesi, Aksaray Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aksaray. VIJAYARAGHAVAN, K. and PRABU, D. (2006). “Potential of Sargassum wightii Biomass for Copper(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions: Application of Different Mathematical Models to Batch and Continuous Biosorption Data”, J. Hazard. Mater. 137 (1), 558-564. ZHOU, J.L., HUANG, P.L. and LİN, R.G. (1998). “Sorption and Desorption of Cu and Cd by Macroalgae and Microalgae”, Environ. Pollut. 101 (1), 67-75.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Tuğba ŞENTÜRK
0000-0002-9882-0079


Şükran YILDIZ

Publication Date May 16, 2018
Published in Issue Year 2018, Volume 16, Issue 1/2

Cite

APA Şentürk, T. & Yıldız, Ş. (2018). BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF SOME ESSENTIAL METALS BY USING CHLORELLA VULGARIS . Manisa Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , Çevre ve Edebiyat Özel Sayısı , 197-208 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/cbayarsos/issue/37006/424092