Volume: 2 Issue: 1, 3/30/23

Year: 2023

This is an open access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author.
No charges are required from the Authors to publish and submission the articles.
All papers will be evaluated by plagiarism detection software before being sent to the referees.
CUNAS is a quarterly published journal operating an online submission and peer review system. It allows authors to submit articles online and track their progress via its web interface. The journal aims for a publication speed of 10 weeks from submission until final publication

Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (CUNAS) is an international, peer reviewed journal which publishes full length original research papers, reviews related to all areas of Natural and Applied Sciences.  


All manuscripts must be in English. Pages should be numbered sequentially. The maximum length of contributions is 10 pages.


All manuscripts must be submitted electronically via the Internet through the online system for CUNAS journal. After selecting the journal, you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the various files. Papers are accepted for evaluation on the understanding that:
• they have not been published,
• they are not being considered for publication simultaneously elsewhere,
• they are not going to be submitted for publication elsewhere

The copyright transfer form, which can be found at website, must be signed by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors and must accompany all papers submitted.

The manuscript should be composed in accordance with the Article Template which can be downloaded at https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/journal-file/25193.
The manuscript should be written in the following format:
- A Title that adequately describes the content of the manuscript.
- A list of authors and their affiliations.
- An Abstract that should not exceed 250 words. The Abstract should state the principal objectives and the scope of the investigation, as well as the methodology employed. It should summarize the results and state the principal conclusions.
- 4-6 significant keywords should follow the abstract to aid indexing.
- An Introduction that should provide a review of recent literature and sufficient background information to allow the results of the article to be understood and evaluated.
- A Methods section detailing the theoretical or experimental methods used.
- An Experimental section that should provide details of the experimental set-up and the methods used to obtain the results.
- A Results section that should clearly and concisely present the data, using figures and tables where appropriate.
- A Discussion section that should describe the relationships and generalizations shown by the results and discuss the significance of the results, making comparisons with previously published work. (It may be appropriate to combine the Results and Discussion sections into a single section to improve clarity.)
- A Conclusions section that should present one or more conclusions drawn from the results and subsequent discussion and should not duplicate the Abstract.
- Acknowledgement (optional) of collaboration or preparation assistance may be included. Please note the source of funding for the research.
- References must be cited consecutively in the text using square brackets [1] and collected together in a reference list at the end of the manuscript.

Figures (figures, graphs, illustrations digital images, photographs) must be cited in consecutive numerical order in the text and referred to in both the text and the captions as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc. Figures should be prepared without borders and on white grounding and should be sent separately in their original formats. If a figure is composed of several parts, please mark each part with a), b), c), etc. and provide an explanation for each part in Figure caption. The caption should be self-explanatory. Letters and numbers should be readable (Arial or Times New Roman, min 6 pt with equal sizes and fonts in all figures).
Graphics (submitted as supplementary files) may be exported in resolution good enough for printing (min. 300 dpi) in any common format, e.g. TIFF, BMP, GIF or JPG, PDF and should be named Fig1.jpg, Fig2.tif, etc. However, graphs and line drawings should be prepared as vector images, e.g. CDR, AI.
Multi-curve graphs should have individual curves marked with a symbol or otherwise provide distinguishing differences using, for example, different thicknesses or dashing.

Tables should carry separate titles and must be numbered in consecutive numerical order in the text and referred to in both the text and the captions as Table 1, Table 2, etc. In addition to the physical quantities, such as t (in italics), the units (normal text) should be added in square brackets. Tables should not duplicate data found elsewhere in the manuscript. Tables should be prepared using a table editor and not inserted as a graphic.

A reference list must be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are to be included. Each reference is to be referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e. [3] or [2] to [4] for more references; do not combine more than 3 references, explain each).
References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, not alphabetically. All references must be complete and accurate. Please add DOI code when available. Mendeley format of the manuscript can be downloaded at http://csl.mendeley.com/styles/505222941/CUNAS

Journal Papers:
Surname 1, Initials, Surname 2, Initials (year). Title. Journal; volume number: pages.

[1] Alnak, D.E., Varol, Y., Firat, M., Oztop, H.F., Ozalp, C. (2019). Experimental and numerical investigation of impinged water jet effects on heated cylinders for convective heat transfer. Int J Therm Sci; 135:493–508.

Surname 1, Initials, Surname 2, Initials (year). Title. Publisher, place of publication.
[2] Ozgur, M.P. (2012). Fundamentals of Mechanical Engineering. Gunlubey, Ankara.

Chapters in Books:

Surname 1, Initials, Surname 2, Initials (year). Chapter title. Editor(s) of book, book title. Publisher, place of publication, pages.
[3] Akarca, G., Gelidor, M. (2016). Mechanical robotic systems. Calikca, V., Kurbetoglu, A., Merdan, M. (Eds.), Cutting Edge Robotics. Literatur Bergli, Mammendorf, 553-576.

Proceedings Papers:
Surname 1, Initials, Surname 2, Initials (year). Paper title. Proceedings title, pages.
[4] Seferci, N., Malikoglu, S., Tosun, N. (2016). Applied mechanic in process industry. IMSEC 2016 Conference Proceedings, 422-427.

Editorial Policy
Editorial responsibilities
The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board are responsible for deciding whether articles submitted to Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences (CUNAS) will be published or not. The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board are constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board shall evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content free from any ethnic, gender, religious or political prejudice and are fully reasonable for ensuring that the reviewers remain anonymous to the authors. The information and ideas presented in submitted manuscripts shall be kept confidential and must not be used for personal gain.
Author's responsibilities
The Authors warrant that their manuscript is their original work which has not been published previously, and not been under consideration for publication elsewhere (except for an academic thesis). Parallel submission of the same paper to another journal results in elimination of the manuscript from consideration by the journal. The Authors also warrant that the manuscript is not and will not be published elsewhere after the publication in Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences in any language as well. It is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to journal are written with ethical standards in mind. Authors affirm that the article contains no unfounded or unlawful statements and does not violate the rights of third parties. The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board as well as the Publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
Reviewers responsibilities
Reviewers evaluate manuscripts based on content without regard to ethnic origin, gender, sexual orientation, citizenship, religious belief or political philosophy of the authors. They must have no conflict of interest with respect to the research, the authors and/or the research funders. Their judgments must be objective.
Reviewers should identify the relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. They must ensure that all the information related to submitted manuscripts is kept as confidential and must report to the Editor if they are aware of copyright infringement and plagiarism on the author's side.
A reviewer who feels unqualified to review the topic of a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor and excuse himself from the review process.
The editor informs the reviewers that the manuscripts are confidential information and that this is a privileged interaction. The reviewers and editorial board cannot discuss the manuscripts with other persons. The reviewers are not allowed to have copies of the manuscripts for personal use and they cannot share manuscripts with others. Unless the authors and editor permit, the reviews of referees cannot be published or disclosed. The anonymity of the referees is important. In particular situations, the editor may share the review of one reviewer with other reviewers to clarify a particular point.
Reporting standards
A submitted manuscript should contain sufficient detail and references to permit reviewers and, subsequently, readers to verify the claims presented in it. The deliberate presentation of false claims is a violation of ethical standards. Authors are exclusively responsible for the contents of their submissions and must make sure that they have permission from all involved parties to make the data public. Authors wishing to include figures, tables or other materials that have already been published elsewhere are required to be referred on the reference used, or to have permission from the copyright holders. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Authors must make sure that all only contributors who have significantly contributed to the submission are listed as authors and, conversely, that all contributors who have significantly contributed to the submission are listed as authors. If persons other than authors were involved in important aspects of the research project and the preparation of the manuscript, their contribution should be acknowledged in a footnote or the Acknowledgments section.
Plagiarism is a clear violation of scientific ethics and may also involve a violation of copyright law, punishable by legal action. Please note that all submissions are thoroughly checked for plagiarism. Any paper which shows obvious signs of plagiarism will be automatically rejected and those authors will not be permitted to submit papers to Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences forever.
Important note: The journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
Conflict of interest and funding
The Authors shall include a summary statement in the text of the manuscript in a separate section before the reference list if any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might have influenced the presented results or their interpretation.
Open access policy
Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences is an Open Access Journal and no charges are required from the Authors to publish the articles.
Self-archiving Policy
Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences allows authors to deposit Author's Post-print (accepted version) and Publisher's version/PDF in an institutional repository and non-commercial subject-based repositories, or to publish it on Author's personal website (including social networking sites) and/or departmental website, at any time after the acceptance.
The Authors retain copyright of the published article and have the right to use the article in the ways permitted to third parties. Full bibliographic information (authors, article title, journal title, volume, issue, pages) about the original publication must be provided. The Authors grant to the publisher the right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.
The views expressed in the published works do not express the views of the Editors and Editorial Staff. The authors take legal and moral responsibility for the ideas expressed in the articles. Publisher shall have no liability in the event of issuance of any claims for damages. The Publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

By submitting a manuscript the authors agree to abide by the Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences’s Editorial Policies.
Peer-review policy
General information
Criteria for publication
The Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences receives many more submissions than it can publish. Therefore, we ask peer-reviewers to keep in mind that every paper that is accepted means that another good paper must be rejected. To be published in the Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences, a paper should meet four general criteria:
Provide strong evidence for its conclusions.
Be novel.
Be of extreme importance to scientists in a specific field.
Ideally, interesting to researchers in other related disciplines.
In general, to be acceptable a paper should represent an advance in understanding likely to influence thinking in a field. There should be a discernible reason as to why the work deserves the visibility of publication in the Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences.

The review process
All submitted manuscripts are read by the editorial staff. To save time for authors and peer-reviewers, only those papers that seem most likely to meet our editorial criteria are sent for formal review. Those papers judged by the editors to be of insufficient general interest or otherwise inappropriate are rejected promptly without external review (although these decisions may be based on informal advice from specialists in the field).
Manuscripts judged to be of potential interest to our readership are sent for formal review, typically to one or two reviewers. The editors then make a decision based on the reviewers' advice.

Selecting peer-reviewers
Reviewer selection is critical to the publication process, and we base our choice on many factors, including expertise, reputation, specific recommendations and our own previous experience of a reviewer's characteristics. For instance, we avoid using people who are slow, careless, or do not provide reasoning for their views, whether harsh or lenient.
We check with potential reviewers before sending them manuscripts to review. Reviewers should bear in mind that these messages contain confidential information, which should be treated as such.

Writing the review
The primary purpose for the review is to provide the editors with the information needed to reach a decision. The review should also instruct the authors as to how they can strengthen their paper to the point where it may be acceptable. As far as possible, a negative review should explain to the authors the weaknesses of their manuscript, so that rejected authors can understand the basis for the decision and see in broad terms what needs to be done to improve the manuscript. This is secondary to the other functions, however, and referees should not feel obliged to provide detailed, constructive advice to the authors of papers that do not meet the criteria for the journal (as outlined in the letter from the editor when asking for the review). If the reviewer believes that a manuscript would not be suitable for publication, his/her report to the author should be as brief as is consistent with enabling the author to understand the reason for the decision.

We do not release reviewers' identities to authors or to other reviewers, except when reviewers specifically ask to be identified. Unless they feel so strongly, however, we prefer that reviewers should remain anonymous throughout the review process and beyond.

Peer-review publication policies
All contributions submitted to the Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences that are selected for peer-review are sent to at least one - but usually two or more - independent reviewers, selected by the editors. Authors are welcome to suggest suitable independent reviewers and may also request that the journal excludes one or two individuals or laboratories. The journal sympathetically considers such requests and usually honors them, but the editor's decision on the choice of referees is final.

Ethics and security
Cukurova University Journal of Natural and Applied Sciences editors may seek advice about submitted papers not only from technical reviewers but also on any aspect of a paper that raises concerns. These may include, for example, ethical issues or issues of access to data or materials. Very occasionally, concerns may also relate to the implications to society of publishing a paper, including threats to security. In such circumstances, advice will usually be sought simultaneously with the technical peer-review process. As in all publishing decisions, the ultimate decision as to whether to publish is the responsibility of the editor of the journal concerned.

No charges are required from the Authors to publish and submit the articles.