Year 2020, Volume 3 , Issue 2, Pages 87 - 96 2020-12-24

Amelioration of External Surgical Wound by Topical Application of the Aqueous Formulation of Neem Leaves (Azadirachta indica) in Caprine Model

Ajmary SULTANA [1] , Marzia RAHMAN [2] , Md. Mahmudul ALAM [3]


The study was conducted to evaluate the healing potentials of Neem leaf on surgical wounds. A total of sixteen surgical wounds were studied under two groups; Neem (group A) and Normal saline (group B, control). Wound morphology, histopathology, and bacteriological examinations were carried out to assess wound healing potentials of this plant leaves. We have found a remarkably lower swollen area (3.91±0.10mm), suture line levation (2.64±0.19mm) and length of the wound (15.78±0.19mm) in the treatment group than the control (0.36±0.12mm, 3.59±0.12mm, and 17.11±0.08mm respectively). The mean healing period Neem treated wound was significantly (P<0.05) lower (12.33±0.42 days) than that of control (18.67±0.33 days). Histopathological study revealed the presence of substantial inflammation with fibroblastic proliferation in samples collected at day 3 in the control group whereas these features were distinctly reduced in the treatment group. There was a distinct thickening of the keratinized layer of the epidermis in Neem treated wound on day 21. In bacteriological study, huge bacterial colonies were found on day 3 in the control group whereas this was markedly reduced in number in the wound of Group-A. Thus, the present study supports the scientific rationale for the use of Neem leaf in the management of wounds.
Neem leaf, Surgical wound, Histopathology, Bacteriology, Amelioration
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Primary Language en
Subjects Biology
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3617-3985
Author: Ajmary SULTANA
Institution: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-8646-3246
Author: Marzia RAHMAN
Institution: Bangladesh Agricultural University
Country: Bangladesh


Orcid: 0000-0002-3464-4125
Author: Md. Mahmudul ALAM (Primary Author)
Institution: Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh
Country: Bangladesh


Dates

Publication Date : December 24, 2020

APA Sultana, A , Rahman, M , Alam, M . (2020). Amelioration of External Surgical Wound by Topical Application of the Aqueous Formulation of Neem Leaves (Azadirachta indica) in Caprine Model . Current Perspectives on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CUPMAP) , 3 (2) , 87-96 . DOI: 10.38093/cupmap.828751