Research Article
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Year 2024, Volume: 34 Issue: 1, 9 - 17, 18.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.5152/CRDS.2024.23215

Abstract

References

  • 1. Joiner A. Whitening toothpastes: a review of the literature. J Dent. 2010;38(suppl 2):e17-e24. [CrossRef]
  • 2. Aydın N, Karaoglanoglu S, Oktay EA. Investigation the effects of whit- ening toothpastes on color change of resin-based CAD/CAM blocks. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2021;33(6):884-890. [CrossRef]
  • 3. Koc Vural U, Bagdatli Z, Yilmaz AE, Yalçın Çakır F, Altundaşar E, Gur- gan S. Effects of charcoal-based whitening toothpastes on human enamel in terms of color, surface roughness, and microhardness: an in vitro study. Clin Oral Investig. 2021;25(10):5977-5985. [CrossRef]
  • 4. Vaz VTP, Jubilato DP, Oliveira MRM, et al. Whitening toothpaste con- taining activated charcoal, blue covarine, hydrogen peroxide or microbeads: which one is the most effective? J Appl Oral Sci. 2019;27:e20180051. [CrossRef]
  • 5. de Moraes Rego Roselino L, Tonani Torrieri R, Sbardelotto C, et al. Color stability and surface roughness of composite resins submitted to brushing with bleaching toothpastes: an in situ study. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2019;31(5):486-492. [CrossRef]
  • 6. van Loveren C, Duckworth RM. Anti-calculus and whitening tooth- pastes. Monogr Oral Sci. 2013;23:61-74. [CrossRef]
  • 7. Abhilasha Thakur AG, Jaiswal A. Chapter 13: Charcoal in Dentistry. 1st ed; 2022. [CrossRef]
  • 8. Brooks JK, Bashirelahi N, Reynolds MA. Charcoal and charcoal-based dentifrices: a literature review. J Am Dent Assoc. 2017;148(9):661- 670. [CrossRef]
  • 9. Greenwall LH, Greenwall-Cohen J, Wilson NHF. Charcoal-containing dentifrices. Br Dent J. 2019;226(9):697-700. [CrossRef]
  • 10. Barbieri GM, Mota EG, Rodrigues-Junior SA, Burnett LH, Jr. Effect of whitening dentifrices on the surface roughness of commercial com- posites. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2011;23(5):338-345. [CrossRef]
  • 11. Roselino M, Chinelatti MA, Alandia-Román CC, Pires-de-Souza C. Effect of brushing time and dentifrice abrasiveness on color change and surface roughness of resin composites. Braz Dent J. 2015;26(5):507-513. [CrossRef]
  • 12. Roselino M, Cruvinel DR, Chinelatti MA, Pires-de-Souza C. Effect of brushing and accelerated ageing on color stability and surface roughness of composites. J Dent. 2013;41(suppl 5):e54-e61. [CrossRef]
  • 13. Augusto MG, Borges AB, Pucci CR, Mailart MC, Torres CRG. Effect of whitening toothpastes on wear and roughness of ormocer and methacrylate-based composites. Am J Dent. 2018;31(6):303-308.
  • 14. Torres CR, Perote LC, Gutierrez NC, Pucci CR, Borges AB. Efficacy of mouth rinses and toothpaste on tooth whitening. Oper Dent. 2013;38(1):57-62. [CrossRef]
  • 15. ISO. TechnicalReport (E): dentistry—guidance on colour meas-ure- ments. Geneva, Switzerland: ISO; 2016.
  • 16. Paravina RD, Ghinea R, Herrera LJ, et al. Color difference thresholds in dentistry. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2015;27(suppl 1):S1-S9. [CrossRef]
  • 17. Soeteman GD, Valkenburg C, Van der Weijden GA, Van Loveren C, Bakker E, Slot DE. Whitening dentifrice and tooth surface discoloration-a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Dent Hyg. 2018;16(1):24-35. [CrossRef]
  • 18. Luo MR, Cui G, Rigg B. The development of the CIE 2000 colour- difference formula: CIEDE2000. Color Research & Application. 2001;26(5):340-350. [CrossRef]
  • 19. Gómez-Polo C, Portillo Muñoz M, Lorenzo Luengo MC, Vicente P, Galindo P, Martín Casado AM. Comparison ofthe CIELab and CIEDE2000 color difference formulas. J Prosthet Dent. 2016;115(1):65-70. [CrossRef]
  • 20. Miletic V, Trifković B, Stamenković D, Tango RN, Paravina RD. Effects of staining and artificial aging on optical properties of gingiva-colored resin-based restorative materials. Clin Oral Investig. 2022;26(11):6817-6827. [CrossRef]
  • 21. Badra VV, Faraoni JJ, Ramos RP, Palma-Dibb RG. Influence of differ- ent beverages on the microhardness and surface roughness of resin composites. Oper Dent. 2005;30(2):213-219.
  • 22. Ertaş E, Güler AU, Yücel AC, Köprülü H, Güler E. Color stability of resin composites after immersion in different drinks. Dent Mater J. 2006;25(2):371-376. [CrossRef]
  • 23. Mara da Silva T, Barbosa Dantas DC, Franco TT, Franco LT, Rocha Lima Huhtala MF. Surface degradation of composite resins under staining and brushing challenges. J Dent Sci. 2019;14(1):87-92. [CrossRef]
  • 24. Guler AU, Yilmaz F, Kulunk T, Guler E, Kurt S. Effects of different drinks on stainability of resin composite provisional restorative materials. J Prosthet Dent. 2005;94(2):118-124. [CrossRef]
  • 25. Hatipoğlu Ö, Turumtay EA, Saygın AG, Hatipoğlu FP. Evaluation of color stability of experimental dental composite resins prepared from bis-EFMA, A novel monomer system. J Photopolym Sci Technol. 2021;34(3):297-305. [CrossRef]
  • 26. Lee YK, Powers JM. Color changes of resin composites in the reflec- tance and transmittance modes. Dent Mater. 2007;23(3):259-264. [CrossRef]
  • 27. Manojlovic D, Dramićanin MD, Lezaja M, Pongprueksa P, Van Meer- beek B, Miletic V. Effect of resin and photoinitiator on color, translu- cency and color stability of conventional and low-shrinkage model composites. Dent Mater. 2016;32(2):183-191. [CrossRef]
  • 28. Manis RB, Franco TT, Dantas DC, Franco LT, Huhtala MF. Influence of whitening toothpaste on color, roughness and microhardness of composite resins. Eur J Gen Dent 2017;6(92e8). [CrossRef]
  • 29. Jones CS, Billington RW, Pearson GJ. The in vivo perception of rough- ness of restorations. Br Dent J. 2004;196(1):42-45. [CrossRef]
  • 30. Shimokawa C, Giannini M, André CB, et al. In vitro evaluation of sur- face properties and wear resistance of conventional and bulk-fill resin-based composites after brushing with a dentifrice. Oper Dent. 2019;44(6):637-647. [CrossRef]
  • 31. Bollen CM, Lambrechts P, Quirynen M. Comparison of surface rough- ness of oral hard materials to the threshold surface roughness for bacterial plaque retention: a review of the literature. Dent Mater. 1997;13(4):258-269. [CrossRef]
  • 32. Dutra D, Pereira G, Kantorski KZ, Valandro LF, Zanatta FB. Does fin- ishing and polishing of restorative materials affect bacterial adhe- sion and biofilm formation? A systematic review. Oper Dent. 2018;43(1):E37-E52. [CrossRef]
  • 33. Alofi RS, Alsuayri HA, Mohey LS, Alofi AS. Efficiency of activated char- coal powder in stain removal and effect on surface roughness com- pared to whitening toothpaste in resin composite: in vitro study. Saudi Dent J. 2021;33(8):1105-1110. [CrossRef]
  • 34. Mozzaquatro LR, Rodrigues CS, Kaizer MR, Lago M, Mallmann A, Jacques LB. The effect of brushing and aging on the staining and smoothness of resin composites. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2017;29(2):E44-E55. [CrossRef]
  • 35. Heintze SD, Forjanic M, Ohmiti K, Rousson V. Surface deterioration of dental materials after simulated toothbrushing in relation to brushing time and load. Dent Mater. 2010;26(4):306-319. [CrossRef]
  • 36. Baldea I, Olteanu DE, Filip AG, et al. Toxicity and efficiency study of plant extracts-based bleaching agents. Clin Oral Investig. 2017;21(4):1315-1326. [CrossRef]

Effect of Commercial Whitening Toothpastes on Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Two Different Composite Resins

Year 2024, Volume: 34 Issue: 1, 9 - 17, 18.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.5152/CRDS.2024.23215

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the effects of different whitening tooth- pastes on the color stability (CS) and surface roughness (SR) of 2 composite resins.
Methods: A hundred disc-shaped specimens were prepared from Filtek Z250 microhybrid and Charisma Topaz nanohybrid composite resins. The discs were divided into 5 subgroups: artificial saliva, Colgate Active Charcoal, Yotuel, Opalescence, and Sensodyne Promine toothpastes. The initial roughness and color values of the samples were measured. In order to evaluate the CS and
SR, all specimens were subjected to coffee and brushing cycles. A three-way mixed analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. All analyses were performed considering α = 0.05.
Results: While the Z250 composite showed higher ∆E values than the other composite (P < .05), no significant differences were observed between the composites regarding SR (P > .05). Among the whitening toothpaste groups, there were no significant differences in ∆E values (P > .05) except for the control group. After an 8-week cycle, the activated carbon- containing toothpaste group showed a higher SR than the control group (P < .05).
Conclusion: All toothpastes were effective in removing discoloration from composite res- ins, depending on the composite resin used. However, the whitening toothpastes tested (after 8 weeks of use) increased surface roughness regardless of the composite resins used, but not more than regular toothpaste (not containing a whitening ingredient).
Keywords: Composite resins, discoloration, surface roughness, toothpastes

ÖZ
Amaç: Bu in vitro çalışmanın amacı, farklı beyazlatıcı diş macunlarının iki kompozit reçinenin renk stabilitesi (CS) ve yüzey pürüzlülüğü (SR) üzerindeki etkilerini karşılaştırmaktır.
Yöntemler: Filtek Z250 mikrohibrit ve Charisma Topaz nanohibrit kompozit reçinelerinden yüz adet disk şeklinde örnek hazırlandı. Diskler beş alt gruba ayrıldı: yapay tükürük, Colgate Aktif Karbon, Yotuel, Opalescence ve Sensodyne Promine diş macunları. Örneklerin başlangıç pürüz- lülük ve renk değerleri ölçüldü. CS ve SR’yi değerlendirmek için tüm örnekler kahve ve fırçalama
döngülerine tabi tutuldu. Verilerin analizi için üç yönlü karma varyans analizi kullanıldı. Tüm analiz- ler α = 0.05 düzeyinde yapıldı.
Bulgular: Z250 kompoziti, diğer kompozite göre daha yüksek ∆E değerleri gösterirken (P < .05), kompozitler arasında SR açısından anlamlı bir fark gözlenmedi (P > .05). Beyazlatıcı diş macunu grupları arasında, kontrol grubu hariç ∆E değerlerinde anlamlı bir fark bulunmadı (P > .05). Sekiz haftalık döngü sonrasında, aktif karbon içeren diş macunu grubu, kontrol grubuna göre daha yük-
sek SR gösterdi (P < .05).
Sonuç: Tüm diş macunları, kullanılan kompozit reçineye bağlı olarak kompozit reçinelerden renk- lenmeyi gidermede etkiliydi. Test edilen beyazlatıcı diş macunları (sekiz haftalık kullanım sonrası kullanılan kompozit reçinelere bakılmaksızın, ancak beyazlatıcı etkili olmayan diş macunundan daha fazla olmayacak şekilde yüzey pürüzlülüğünü artırdı.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Kompozit reçineler, renk değişimi, yüzey pürüzlülüğü, diş macunları

References

  • 1. Joiner A. Whitening toothpastes: a review of the literature. J Dent. 2010;38(suppl 2):e17-e24. [CrossRef]
  • 2. Aydın N, Karaoglanoglu S, Oktay EA. Investigation the effects of whit- ening toothpastes on color change of resin-based CAD/CAM blocks. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2021;33(6):884-890. [CrossRef]
  • 3. Koc Vural U, Bagdatli Z, Yilmaz AE, Yalçın Çakır F, Altundaşar E, Gur- gan S. Effects of charcoal-based whitening toothpastes on human enamel in terms of color, surface roughness, and microhardness: an in vitro study. Clin Oral Investig. 2021;25(10):5977-5985. [CrossRef]
  • 4. Vaz VTP, Jubilato DP, Oliveira MRM, et al. Whitening toothpaste con- taining activated charcoal, blue covarine, hydrogen peroxide or microbeads: which one is the most effective? J Appl Oral Sci. 2019;27:e20180051. [CrossRef]
  • 5. de Moraes Rego Roselino L, Tonani Torrieri R, Sbardelotto C, et al. Color stability and surface roughness of composite resins submitted to brushing with bleaching toothpastes: an in situ study. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2019;31(5):486-492. [CrossRef]
  • 6. van Loveren C, Duckworth RM. Anti-calculus and whitening tooth- pastes. Monogr Oral Sci. 2013;23:61-74. [CrossRef]
  • 7. Abhilasha Thakur AG, Jaiswal A. Chapter 13: Charcoal in Dentistry. 1st ed; 2022. [CrossRef]
  • 8. Brooks JK, Bashirelahi N, Reynolds MA. Charcoal and charcoal-based dentifrices: a literature review. J Am Dent Assoc. 2017;148(9):661- 670. [CrossRef]
  • 9. Greenwall LH, Greenwall-Cohen J, Wilson NHF. Charcoal-containing dentifrices. Br Dent J. 2019;226(9):697-700. [CrossRef]
  • 10. Barbieri GM, Mota EG, Rodrigues-Junior SA, Burnett LH, Jr. Effect of whitening dentifrices on the surface roughness of commercial com- posites. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2011;23(5):338-345. [CrossRef]
  • 11. Roselino M, Chinelatti MA, Alandia-Román CC, Pires-de-Souza C. Effect of brushing time and dentifrice abrasiveness on color change and surface roughness of resin composites. Braz Dent J. 2015;26(5):507-513. [CrossRef]
  • 12. Roselino M, Cruvinel DR, Chinelatti MA, Pires-de-Souza C. Effect of brushing and accelerated ageing on color stability and surface roughness of composites. J Dent. 2013;41(suppl 5):e54-e61. [CrossRef]
  • 13. Augusto MG, Borges AB, Pucci CR, Mailart MC, Torres CRG. Effect of whitening toothpastes on wear and roughness of ormocer and methacrylate-based composites. Am J Dent. 2018;31(6):303-308.
  • 14. Torres CR, Perote LC, Gutierrez NC, Pucci CR, Borges AB. Efficacy of mouth rinses and toothpaste on tooth whitening. Oper Dent. 2013;38(1):57-62. [CrossRef]
  • 15. ISO. TechnicalReport (E): dentistry—guidance on colour meas-ure- ments. Geneva, Switzerland: ISO; 2016.
  • 16. Paravina RD, Ghinea R, Herrera LJ, et al. Color difference thresholds in dentistry. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2015;27(suppl 1):S1-S9. [CrossRef]
  • 17. Soeteman GD, Valkenburg C, Van der Weijden GA, Van Loveren C, Bakker E, Slot DE. Whitening dentifrice and tooth surface discoloration-a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Dent Hyg. 2018;16(1):24-35. [CrossRef]
  • 18. Luo MR, Cui G, Rigg B. The development of the CIE 2000 colour- difference formula: CIEDE2000. Color Research & Application. 2001;26(5):340-350. [CrossRef]
  • 19. Gómez-Polo C, Portillo Muñoz M, Lorenzo Luengo MC, Vicente P, Galindo P, Martín Casado AM. Comparison ofthe CIELab and CIEDE2000 color difference formulas. J Prosthet Dent. 2016;115(1):65-70. [CrossRef]
  • 20. Miletic V, Trifković B, Stamenković D, Tango RN, Paravina RD. Effects of staining and artificial aging on optical properties of gingiva-colored resin-based restorative materials. Clin Oral Investig. 2022;26(11):6817-6827. [CrossRef]
  • 21. Badra VV, Faraoni JJ, Ramos RP, Palma-Dibb RG. Influence of differ- ent beverages on the microhardness and surface roughness of resin composites. Oper Dent. 2005;30(2):213-219.
  • 22. Ertaş E, Güler AU, Yücel AC, Köprülü H, Güler E. Color stability of resin composites after immersion in different drinks. Dent Mater J. 2006;25(2):371-376. [CrossRef]
  • 23. Mara da Silva T, Barbosa Dantas DC, Franco TT, Franco LT, Rocha Lima Huhtala MF. Surface degradation of composite resins under staining and brushing challenges. J Dent Sci. 2019;14(1):87-92. [CrossRef]
  • 24. Guler AU, Yilmaz F, Kulunk T, Guler E, Kurt S. Effects of different drinks on stainability of resin composite provisional restorative materials. J Prosthet Dent. 2005;94(2):118-124. [CrossRef]
  • 25. Hatipoğlu Ö, Turumtay EA, Saygın AG, Hatipoğlu FP. Evaluation of color stability of experimental dental composite resins prepared from bis-EFMA, A novel monomer system. J Photopolym Sci Technol. 2021;34(3):297-305. [CrossRef]
  • 26. Lee YK, Powers JM. Color changes of resin composites in the reflec- tance and transmittance modes. Dent Mater. 2007;23(3):259-264. [CrossRef]
  • 27. Manojlovic D, Dramićanin MD, Lezaja M, Pongprueksa P, Van Meer- beek B, Miletic V. Effect of resin and photoinitiator on color, translu- cency and color stability of conventional and low-shrinkage model composites. Dent Mater. 2016;32(2):183-191. [CrossRef]
  • 28. Manis RB, Franco TT, Dantas DC, Franco LT, Huhtala MF. Influence of whitening toothpaste on color, roughness and microhardness of composite resins. Eur J Gen Dent 2017;6(92e8). [CrossRef]
  • 29. Jones CS, Billington RW, Pearson GJ. The in vivo perception of rough- ness of restorations. Br Dent J. 2004;196(1):42-45. [CrossRef]
  • 30. Shimokawa C, Giannini M, André CB, et al. In vitro evaluation of sur- face properties and wear resistance of conventional and bulk-fill resin-based composites after brushing with a dentifrice. Oper Dent. 2019;44(6):637-647. [CrossRef]
  • 31. Bollen CM, Lambrechts P, Quirynen M. Comparison of surface rough- ness of oral hard materials to the threshold surface roughness for bacterial plaque retention: a review of the literature. Dent Mater. 1997;13(4):258-269. [CrossRef]
  • 32. Dutra D, Pereira G, Kantorski KZ, Valandro LF, Zanatta FB. Does fin- ishing and polishing of restorative materials affect bacterial adhe- sion and biofilm formation? A systematic review. Oper Dent. 2018;43(1):E37-E52. [CrossRef]
  • 33. Alofi RS, Alsuayri HA, Mohey LS, Alofi AS. Efficiency of activated char- coal powder in stain removal and effect on surface roughness com- pared to whitening toothpaste in resin composite: in vitro study. Saudi Dent J. 2021;33(8):1105-1110. [CrossRef]
  • 34. Mozzaquatro LR, Rodrigues CS, Kaizer MR, Lago M, Mallmann A, Jacques LB. The effect of brushing and aging on the staining and smoothness of resin composites. J Esthet Restor Dent. 2017;29(2):E44-E55. [CrossRef]
  • 35. Heintze SD, Forjanic M, Ohmiti K, Rousson V. Surface deterioration of dental materials after simulated toothbrushing in relation to brushing time and load. Dent Mater. 2010;26(4):306-319. [CrossRef]
  • 36. Baldea I, Olteanu DE, Filip AG, et al. Toxicity and efficiency study of plant extracts-based bleaching agents. Clin Oral Investig. 2017;21(4):1315-1326. [CrossRef]

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Restorative Dentistry
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Yeşim ŞEŞEN USLU This is me

Işıl DOĞRUER This is me

Haşmet ULUKAPI This is me

Publication Date January 18, 2024
Submission Date May 26, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2024 Volume: 34 Issue: 1

Cite

AMA ŞEŞEN USLU Y, DOĞRUER I, ULUKAPI H. Effect of Commercial Whitening Toothpastes on Color Stability and Surface Roughness of Two Different Composite Resins. Curr Res Dent Sci. January 2024;34(1):9-17. doi:10.5152/CRDS.2024.23215

Current Research in Dental Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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