Research Article
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Year 2024, Volume: 34 Issue: 1, 40 - 46, 18.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.5152/CRDS.2024.23275

Abstract

References

  • 1. Cardoso EM, Reis C, Manzanares-Céspedes MC. Chronic periodonti- tis, inflammatory cytokines, and interrelationship with other chronic diseases. Postgrad Med. 2018;130(1):98-104. [CrossRef] 2. Cortes FJ, Nevot C, Ramon JM, Cuenca E. The evolution of dental health in dental students at the University of Barcelona. J Dent Educ. 2002;66(10):1203-1208. [CrossRef]
  • 3. Kawamura M, Honkala E, Widström E, Komabayashi T. Cross-cultural differences of self-reported oral health behaviour in Japanese and Finnish dental students. Int Dent J. 2000;50(1):46-50. [CrossRef]
  • 4. Kawamura M, Yip HK, Hu DY, Komabayashi T. A cross‐cultural com-parison of dental health attitudes and behaviour among freshman dental students in Japan, Hong Kong and West China. Int Dent J. 2001;51(3):159-163. [CrossRef]
  • 5. Al-Omari QD, Hamasha AA. Gender-specific oral health attitudes and behavior among dental students in Jordan. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2005;6(1):107-114. [CrossRef]
  • 6. Kawamura M. Dental behavioral science-The relationship between perceptions of oral health and oral status in adults. J Hiroshima Univ Dent Soc. 1988;20:273-286.
  • 7. Mekhemar M, Ebeid K, Attia S, Dörfer C, Conrad J. Oral Health atti- tudes among preclinical and clinical dental students: a pilot study and self-assessment in an Egyptian state-funded university. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;18(1):234. [CrossRef]
  • 8. Al-Wesabi AA, Abdelgawad F, Sasahara H, El Motayam K. Oral Health knowledge, attitude and behaviour of dental students in a private university. BDJ Open. 2019;5:16. [CrossRef] 9. Polychronopoulou A, Kawamura M. Oral self‐care behaviours: com-paring Greek and Japanese dental students. Eur J Dent Educ.2005;9(4):164-170. [CrossRef]
  • 10. McGrath C, Bedi R. The association between dental anxiety and oral health‐related quality of life in Britain. Community Dent Oral Epide- miol. 2004;32(1):67-72. [CrossRef]
  • 11. Kleinknecht RA, Klepac RK, Alexander LD. Origins and characteris- tics of fear of dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc. 1973;86(4):842-848. [CrossRef]
  • 12. İnanç Yazgan B, Çelik M, Görgün H. Diş hekimliği korkusu ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Derg. 2003;1(1):43-51.
  • 13. Doğan B, Filizi K, Küçükdoğan Ü. Diş hekimliği öğrencilerinin cinsi- yete bağlı ağız sağlığı hakkındaki davranış ve düşünceleri. GÜ Diş Hek Fak Derg. 2009;26(2):87-93.
  • 14. Barrieshi-Nusair K, Alomari Q, Said K. Dental health attitudes and behaviour among dental students in Jordan. Community Dent Health. 2006;23(3):147-151.
  • 15. Al-Wahadni AM, Al-Omiri MK, Kawamura M. Differences in self- reported oral health behavior between dental students and dental technology/dental hygiene students in Jordan. J Oral Sci. 2004;46(3):191-197. [CrossRef]
  • 16. Kawamura M, Spadafora A, Kim KJ, Komabayashi T. Comparison of United States and Korean dental hygiene students using the Hiro- shima University‐dental behavioural inventory (HU‐DBI). Int Dent J. 2002;52(3):156-162. [CrossRef]
  • 17. Kawamura M, Iwamoto Y, Wright FA. A comparison of self‐reported dental health attitudes and behavior between selected Japanese and Australian students. J Dent Educ. 1997;61(4):354-360. [CrossRef]
  • 18. Peker I, Alkurt MT. Oral Health attitudes and behavior among a group of Turkish dental students. Eur J Dent. 2009;3(1):24-31. [CrossRef]
  • 19. Camgoz M, Cem A. Diş hekimliği Fakültesi öğrencisi olan ve olmayan üniversite 1. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Ağız ve Diş Sağlığı ile Kişisel Bakım Alışkanlıklarının Karşılaştırılması. Turk Klin Dishekimligi Bilimleri Derg. 2021;27(4):645-651.
  • 20. Polychronopoulou A, Kawamura M, Athanasouli T. Oral self-care behavior among dental school students in Greece. J Oral Sci. 2002;44(2):73-78. [CrossRef]
  • 21. Dagli RJ, Tadakamadla S, Dhanni C, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S. Self reported dental health attitude and behavior of dental students in India. J Oral Sci. 2008;50(3):267-272. [CrossRef]
  • 22. Komabayashi T, Kwan SYL, Hu DY, Kajiwara K, Sasahara H, Kawa- mura M. A comparative study of oral health attitudes and behaviour using the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) between dental students in Britain and China. J Oral Sci. 2005;47(1):1-7. [CrossRef]
  • 23. Freidson E, Feldman JJ. The public looks at dental care. J Am Dent Assoc. 1958;57(3):325-335. [CrossRef]
  • 24. Oosterink FM, De Jongh A, Hoogstraten J. Prevalence of dental fear and phobia relative to other fear and phobia subtypes. Eur J Oral Sci. 2009;117(2):135-143. [CrossRef] 25. Wong M, Lytle WR. A comparison of anxiety levels associated with root canaltherapyand oral surgerytreatment. JEndod. 1991;17(9):461- 465. [CrossRef]
  • 26. Erten H, Akarslan ZZ, Bodrumlu E. Dental fear and anxiety levels of patients attending a dental clinic. Quintessence Int. 2006;37(4): 304-310.

Evaluation of Oral Health Awareness and Dental Fear Levels of Dentistry Students

Year 2024, Volume: 34 Issue: 1, 40 - 46, 18.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.5152/CRDS.2024.23275

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the oral health awareness and fear levels of students enrolled in the Faculty of Dentistry at Gaziantep University, based on their education and training program.
Methods: The current study involved 381 participants, comprising 247 females and 134 males, from the Faculty of Dentistry at Gaziantep University. The Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory and Dental Fear Scale, consisting of 20 questions each, were administered to the stu- dents, and their responses were recorded. The data were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis and all pairwise tests, and statistical significance was determined at a level of P < .05.
Results: A significant difference was found between first-fourth, second-fourth, and second-third grades when compared in terms of the 17th question on the Dental Fear Scale (P < .05). According to Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory, there was a significant difference between the general Hiroshima University Dental Behavior Inventory scores between the fifth grade and all other grades (P < .05).
Conclusion: The students who participated in the study displayed high oral health attitude and behavior scores. Furthermore, the educational process played a positive role in the development of clinical students, as they demonstrated improved dental fear and individual oral health atti- tudes and behaviors compared to their preclinical counterparts.
Keywords: Dental fear scale, dental student, hiroshima university dental behavior inventory

ÖZ
Amaç: Bu çalışmada Gaziantep Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi öğrencilerinin ağız sağlığı bilincinin ve korku seviyelerinin eğitim-öğretim programına göre karşılaştırmalı değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.
Yöntemler: Çalışmaya Gaziantep Üniversitesi Diş Hekimliği Fakültesi’nden 247’si kız 134’ü erkek olmak üzere 381 öğrenci dâhil edilmiştir. Öğrencilerin 20 sorudan oluşan Hiroşima Üniversitesi Dental Davranış Envanteri (HU-DBI) ile Dental Korku Skalası (DKS) anketini cevaplandırmaları istendi ve veriler kaydedildi. İstatistiksel analiz için Kruskal Wallis ve All pairwise testleri kullanıldı. Anlamlılık P < .05 düzeyinde değerlendirilmiştir.
Bulgular: Dental Korku Skalası 17. soru açısından karşılaştırıldığında 1. ile 4., 2. ile 4. ve 2. ile 3. sınıf- lar arası anlamlı fark bulunmuştur (p < 0.05), Hiroşima Üniversite Dental Davranış Envanteri’ne göre ise 5. sınıf ile diğer tüm sınıflar arası genel Hiroşima Üniversitesi Dental Davranış Envanteri skorları arasında anlamlı fark tespit edilmiştir (P < .05).
Sonuç: Araştırmaya katılan öğrencilerin ağız sağlığı tutum ve davranışları Hiroşima Üniversitesi Dental Davranış Envanteri skorları bazında genel olarak yüksek bulundu. Öğrencilerin eğitim aldık- ları süreç göz önünde bulundurulduğunda klinik öğrencileri preklinik öğrencilerinden hem dental korku hem de bireysel ağız sağlığı tutum ve davranışları açısından olumlu yönde gelişmektedir.
Anahtar Kelimeler: Dental korku skalası, diş hekimliği öğrencileri, hiroşima üniversitesi dental davranış envanteri

References

  • 1. Cardoso EM, Reis C, Manzanares-Céspedes MC. Chronic periodonti- tis, inflammatory cytokines, and interrelationship with other chronic diseases. Postgrad Med. 2018;130(1):98-104. [CrossRef] 2. Cortes FJ, Nevot C, Ramon JM, Cuenca E. The evolution of dental health in dental students at the University of Barcelona. J Dent Educ. 2002;66(10):1203-1208. [CrossRef]
  • 3. Kawamura M, Honkala E, Widström E, Komabayashi T. Cross-cultural differences of self-reported oral health behaviour in Japanese and Finnish dental students. Int Dent J. 2000;50(1):46-50. [CrossRef]
  • 4. Kawamura M, Yip HK, Hu DY, Komabayashi T. A cross‐cultural com-parison of dental health attitudes and behaviour among freshman dental students in Japan, Hong Kong and West China. Int Dent J. 2001;51(3):159-163. [CrossRef]
  • 5. Al-Omari QD, Hamasha AA. Gender-specific oral health attitudes and behavior among dental students in Jordan. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2005;6(1):107-114. [CrossRef]
  • 6. Kawamura M. Dental behavioral science-The relationship between perceptions of oral health and oral status in adults. J Hiroshima Univ Dent Soc. 1988;20:273-286.
  • 7. Mekhemar M, Ebeid K, Attia S, Dörfer C, Conrad J. Oral Health atti- tudes among preclinical and clinical dental students: a pilot study and self-assessment in an Egyptian state-funded university. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;18(1):234. [CrossRef]
  • 8. Al-Wesabi AA, Abdelgawad F, Sasahara H, El Motayam K. Oral Health knowledge, attitude and behaviour of dental students in a private university. BDJ Open. 2019;5:16. [CrossRef] 9. Polychronopoulou A, Kawamura M. Oral self‐care behaviours: com-paring Greek and Japanese dental students. Eur J Dent Educ.2005;9(4):164-170. [CrossRef]
  • 10. McGrath C, Bedi R. The association between dental anxiety and oral health‐related quality of life in Britain. Community Dent Oral Epide- miol. 2004;32(1):67-72. [CrossRef]
  • 11. Kleinknecht RA, Klepac RK, Alexander LD. Origins and characteris- tics of fear of dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc. 1973;86(4):842-848. [CrossRef]
  • 12. İnanç Yazgan B, Çelik M, Görgün H. Diş hekimliği korkusu ölçeği: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Derg. 2003;1(1):43-51.
  • 13. Doğan B, Filizi K, Küçükdoğan Ü. Diş hekimliği öğrencilerinin cinsi- yete bağlı ağız sağlığı hakkındaki davranış ve düşünceleri. GÜ Diş Hek Fak Derg. 2009;26(2):87-93.
  • 14. Barrieshi-Nusair K, Alomari Q, Said K. Dental health attitudes and behaviour among dental students in Jordan. Community Dent Health. 2006;23(3):147-151.
  • 15. Al-Wahadni AM, Al-Omiri MK, Kawamura M. Differences in self- reported oral health behavior between dental students and dental technology/dental hygiene students in Jordan. J Oral Sci. 2004;46(3):191-197. [CrossRef]
  • 16. Kawamura M, Spadafora A, Kim KJ, Komabayashi T. Comparison of United States and Korean dental hygiene students using the Hiro- shima University‐dental behavioural inventory (HU‐DBI). Int Dent J. 2002;52(3):156-162. [CrossRef]
  • 17. Kawamura M, Iwamoto Y, Wright FA. A comparison of self‐reported dental health attitudes and behavior between selected Japanese and Australian students. J Dent Educ. 1997;61(4):354-360. [CrossRef]
  • 18. Peker I, Alkurt MT. Oral Health attitudes and behavior among a group of Turkish dental students. Eur J Dent. 2009;3(1):24-31. [CrossRef]
  • 19. Camgoz M, Cem A. Diş hekimliği Fakültesi öğrencisi olan ve olmayan üniversite 1. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Ağız ve Diş Sağlığı ile Kişisel Bakım Alışkanlıklarının Karşılaştırılması. Turk Klin Dishekimligi Bilimleri Derg. 2021;27(4):645-651.
  • 20. Polychronopoulou A, Kawamura M, Athanasouli T. Oral self-care behavior among dental school students in Greece. J Oral Sci. 2002;44(2):73-78. [CrossRef]
  • 21. Dagli RJ, Tadakamadla S, Dhanni C, Duraiswamy P, Kulkarni S. Self reported dental health attitude and behavior of dental students in India. J Oral Sci. 2008;50(3):267-272. [CrossRef]
  • 22. Komabayashi T, Kwan SYL, Hu DY, Kajiwara K, Sasahara H, Kawa- mura M. A comparative study of oral health attitudes and behaviour using the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioural Inventory (HU-DBI) between dental students in Britain and China. J Oral Sci. 2005;47(1):1-7. [CrossRef]
  • 23. Freidson E, Feldman JJ. The public looks at dental care. J Am Dent Assoc. 1958;57(3):325-335. [CrossRef]
  • 24. Oosterink FM, De Jongh A, Hoogstraten J. Prevalence of dental fear and phobia relative to other fear and phobia subtypes. Eur J Oral Sci. 2009;117(2):135-143. [CrossRef] 25. Wong M, Lytle WR. A comparison of anxiety levels associated with root canaltherapyand oral surgerytreatment. JEndod. 1991;17(9):461- 465. [CrossRef]
  • 26. Erten H, Akarslan ZZ, Bodrumlu E. Dental fear and anxiety levels of patients attending a dental clinic. Quintessence Int. 2006;37(4): 304-310.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Restorative Dentistry
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Sevim ATILAN YAVUZ This is me

Zeyneb Merve ÖZDEMİR This is me

Derya SÜRMELİOĞLU This is me

Publication Date January 18, 2024
Submission Date September 26, 2023
Published in Issue Year 2024 Volume: 34 Issue: 1

Cite

AMA ATILAN YAVUZ S, ÖZDEMİR ZM, SÜRMELİOĞLU D. Evaluation of Oral Health Awareness and Dental Fear Levels of Dentistry Students. Curr Res Dent Sci. January 2024;34(1):40-46. doi:10.5152/CRDS.2024.23275

Current Research in Dental Sciences is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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