Year 2020, Volume , Issue 12, Pages 95 - 105 2020-07-31

Ulaştırma Sektöründe Dışsallıklar Üzerine Bir Araştırma
A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector

Meserret NALÇAKAN [1]


Ulaştırma faaliyetlerinin hizmet sektörü içinde çok önemli yeri bulunmaktadır. Ulaştırma, insanlığın gelişim tarihinde ekonomik, toplumsal, kültürel ve politik yönden önemli değişikliklerin yaşanmasına yol açmıştır. Taşınan yük kapasitesi ve yolcu sayısındaki artışla birlikte taşıma hızındaki artışın da etkisiyle ulaştırma hizmetlerindeki gelişmeler küreselleşmeyi beraberinde getirmiştir. Ulaştırma hizmetleri, pek çok olumlu etkisinin yanında söz konusu hizmetlerin gerçekleştirilmesi sürecinde bireylerin ve toplumun maruz kaldığı olumsuzlukların; başka bir söyleyişle dışsallık sorununun yaşanmasına yol açmaktadır. Dışsallık; üretici ya da tüketicilerin davranışlarının bütün sonuçlarına katlanmadıkları; başkaları üzerindeki etkilerini hesaba katmadıklarında beliren ve söz konusu etkilerinin ortadan kaldırılması gereken bir maliyet unsuru olarak ele alınmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, ulaştırma hizmetlerinin sunulması esnasında ortaya çıkan olumsuzluklar şeklinde tanımlanan dışsallıkların belirlenmesi, dışsallıkların ekonomik etkilerinin irdelenmesi ve dışsallıkların içselleştirilmesiyle ilgili yöntemlerin ele alınması amaçlanmaktadır.

Transportation activities have a significant role in the service sector. Transportation has led to major changes in the history of human development, economically, socially, culturally and politically. With the growth both in freight capacity and in the number of passengers, along with the boosting effect of the increased transportation speed, the developments in transportation services paved the way for globalization. While being carrying out, transportation services, besides many desirable outcomes, cause adverse effects faced by individuals and society; in other words, lead to the problem of externality. Externality is considered as the cost that needs to be eliminated when the producers or consumers do not bear all the consequences, or when they do not take into account the effects they reflect on a third party, of their behaviors. In this study, it is aimed to determine externalities identified as negativities occurring during the transportation services, to examine the economic effects of externalities, and to discuss the methods on internalizing externalities.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0648-1311
Author: Meserret NALÇAKAN (Primary Author)
Institution: ESKİŞEHİR TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : May 20, 2020
Acceptance Date : July 6, 2020
Publication Date : July 31, 2020

Bibtex @research article { demiryolu740115, journal = {Demiryolu Mühendisliği}, issn = {2149-1607}, eissn = {2687-2463}, address = {}, publisher = {Demiryolu Mühendisleri Derneği}, year = {2020}, volume = {}, pages = {95 - 105}, doi = {10.47072/demiryolu.740115}, title = {A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector}, key = {cite}, author = {Nalçakan, Meserret} }
APA Nalçakan, M . (2020). A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector . Demiryolu Mühendisliği , (12) , 95-105 . DOI: 10.47072/demiryolu.740115
MLA Nalçakan, M . "A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector" . Demiryolu Mühendisliği (2020 ): 95-105 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/demiryolu/issue/52737/740115>
Chicago Nalçakan, M . "A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector". Demiryolu Mühendisliği (2020 ): 95-105
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector AU - Meserret Nalçakan Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.47072/demiryolu.740115 DO - 10.47072/demiryolu.740115 T2 - Demiryolu Mühendisliği JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 95 EP - 105 VL - IS - 12 SN - 2149-1607-2687-2463 M3 - doi: 10.47072/demiryolu.740115 UR - https://doi.org/10.47072/demiryolu.740115 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Demiryolu Mühendisliği A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector %A Meserret Nalçakan %T A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector %D 2020 %J Demiryolu Mühendisliği %P 2149-1607-2687-2463 %V %N 12 %R doi: 10.47072/demiryolu.740115 %U 10.47072/demiryolu.740115
ISNAD Nalçakan, Meserret . "A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector". Demiryolu Mühendisliği / 12 (July 2020): 95-105 . https://doi.org/10.47072/demiryolu.740115
AMA Nalçakan M . A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector. Demühder. 2020; (12): 95-105.
Vancouver Nalçakan M . A Research on Externalities in Transportation Sector. Demiryolu Mühendisliği. 2020; (12): 95-105.