Year 2019, Volume 11 , Issue 1, Pages 19 - 36 2019-09-13

SHIP ENVIRONMENTAL, SOCIAL AND COST ANALYSIS FOR VARIOUS LOAD SCENARIOS
DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ

Levent Bilgili [1]


Although ships constitute up to 90 % of the total trade in the world, they cause a large amount of emissions due to the fuel and engine systems. In this study, it was assumed that a certain amount of cargo was transported separately by five ships with different carrying capacities between Iskenderun and Shanghai. Then, emission amounts, social and fuel costs of these emissions, net profit of the ships and social losses were calculated. As a result of the calculations, it was found that transporting the cargo by a single large ship is the most logical scenario in terms of both emission production and cost. The results also show that a total of 8.418,32 t emission is generated during the transportation of the cargo by the single vessel and it is estimated that the total social costs will be generated at around $ 17.008.992,91. The net profit for the same trip was calculated as $ 3.772.487,68, and when the social cost was taken into consideration, the minimum loss was found to be $ 4.977.503,13. Finally, the cost and social benefits of fuel switching from HFO to MDO were also calculated. According to this calculation, the amount of the emissions produced decreased to 7.897,83 t and to $ 15.480.435,82, respectively. The net profit was calculated as $ 2.883.636,66 and the social loss decreased to $ 3.448.947,04.

Tek seferde çok büyük yükler taşıma kapasitesine sahip nakliye araçları olan gemiler, dünya ticaretinin belkemiğidir. Gemiler, dünyadaki toplam ticaretin % 90 kadarını oluştursa da kullandıkları yakıt ve makineler nedeniyle büyük miktarda emisyon oluşumuna yol açarlar. Bu çalışmada İskenderun-Şangay arasında belli bir miktar yükün farklı taşıma kapasitelerine sahip beş adet gemiyle ayrı ayrı taşındığı varsayılmış ve bu yolculuklar sonucunda oluşan emisyon miktarları, bu emisyonların sosyal ve yakıt maliyetleri, gemilerin bu yolculuklardan elde ettikleri gelir ve net kazançlar ile sosyal kayıplar hesaplanmıştır. Yapılan hesaplamalar sonucunda yükün büyük tek bir gemi tarafından taşınmasının hem emisyon üretimi hem de maliyet açısından en mantıklı senaryo olduğu bulunmuştur. Elde edilen bulgulara göre yükün tek gemiyle taşınması sırasında toplam 8.418,32 t emisyon oluşmakta, bu emisyonlardan dolayı toplam $ 17.008.992,91 civarında sosyal maliyet oluşacağı hesaplanmıştır. Aynı yolculuktaki net kazanç yaklaşık olarak $ 3.772.487,68 şeklinde hesaplanmış olup sosyal maliyet de hesaba katıldığında yine en az sosyal kayıp tek gemiyle yapılan seferde $ 4.977.503,13 olarak bulunmuştur. Son olarak, en iyi senaryoyu üreten gemi için ile gemi ana makinesinin HFO kullandığı varsayılarak yakıt türünün MDO olarak değiştirilmesinin maliyeti ve sosyal kazancı hesaplanmıştır. Bu hesaba göre yakıt değişimi dolayısıyla üretilen emisyon miktarı 7.897,83 t, sosyal maliyet $ 15.480.435,82 düzeyine inmiştir. Net kazanç $ 2.883.636,66 olarak hesaplanırken sosyal kayıp ise  $ 3.448.947,04 seviyesine kadar gerilemiştir
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  • İnternet Kaynakları
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Science
Journal Section Full Issue
Authors

Author: Levent Bilgili (Primary Author)
Institution: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, BANDIRMA DENİZCİLİK FAKÜLTESİ, GEMİ İNŞAATI VE GEMİ MAKİNELERİ MÜHENDİSLİĞİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 13, 2019

Bibtex @research article { deudfd614818, journal = {Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1309-4246}, eissn = {2458-9942}, address = {}, publisher = {Dokuz Eylul University}, year = {2019}, volume = {11}, pages = {19 - 36}, doi = {10.18613/deudfd.614818}, title = {DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Bilgili, Levent} }
APA Bilgili, L . (2019). DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi , 11 (1) , 19-36 . DOI: 10.18613/deudfd.614818
MLA Bilgili, L . "DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi 11 (2019 ): 19-36 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/deudfd/issue/48497/614818>
Chicago Bilgili, L . "DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi 11 (2019 ): 19-36
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ AU - Levent Bilgili Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18613/deudfd.614818 DO - 10.18613/deudfd.614818 T2 - Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 19 EP - 36 VL - 11 IS - 1 SN - 1309-4246-2458-9942 M3 - doi: 10.18613/deudfd.614818 UR - https://doi.org/10.18613/deudfd.614818 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ %A Levent Bilgili %T DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ %D 2019 %J Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1309-4246-2458-9942 %V 11 %N 1 %R doi: 10.18613/deudfd.614818 %U 10.18613/deudfd.614818
ISNAD Bilgili, Levent . "DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi 11 / 1 (September 2019): 19-36 . https://doi.org/10.18613/deudfd.614818
AMA Bilgili L . DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 11(1): 19-36.
Vancouver Bilgili L . DEĞİŞİK YÜK SENARYOLARINDA GEMİ ÇEVRESEL, SOSYAL VE MALİYET ANALİZİ. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Denizcilik Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 11(1): 36-19.