Year 2019, Volume 21 , Issue 1, Pages 305 - 332 2019-06-21

A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW
ROMA HUKUKUNDA TİCARET SINIRLANDIRMALARI KONUSUNA GENEL BİR BAKIŞ

İpek Sevda Söğüt [1]


The legal sources of Roman law, mainly face trade restrictions in the

context of the relationship between patron and freedman (libertus). It is no

coincidence that, the issue arose in that particular context. Before slaves were

set free, they would often acquire special knowledge and skills from working in

the masters’ businesses. If a slave was set free to administer, the estate of his

former master as procurator (a representative in terms of a general power of

attorney), his livelihood was secured. In other cases, he had to establish his own

occupation to survive after his manumission. His obvious choice would have

been the occupation he had learned under his former master and present patron.

For example, the freedman of a medical doctor could become a doctor himself

and the freedman of a slave-dealer did not begin agitate for the abolition of

slavery, but became a slave-dealer himself.

Roma hukuku kaynakları, ticaretin sınırlandırılması meselesi ile, esas ola-
rak efendi ve azatlı (libertus) arasındaki ilişki bağlamında, ilgilenmektedirler. Bu bağlamda sorunun ortaya çıkması tesadüf değildir. Köleler serbest bırakıl-
madan önce, genellikle, efendilerinin işlerinde çalışarak özel bilgi ve beceri

kazanırlardı. Eğer bir köle, idare edilmek üzere serbest bırakılırsa, eski ustası-
nın mülk sahibi (genel bir vekalet açısından bir temsilci) olarak mülkü, geçim

sağlandı. Diğer durumlarda, görevinden sonra hayatta kalmak için kendi melse-
ğini kurması gerekiyordu. Onun bariz tercihi, eski ustası ve mevcut patronu
tarafından öğrenmiş olduğu meslek olurdu. Örneğin, tıp doktorunun serbest
bırakıcısı bir doktor olabilir ve bir köle bayisinin serbest bırakanı köleliğin kal-
dırılması için harekete geçmemiştir, ancak bir köle satıcısı haline gelmiştir.
  • Aubert, Jean-Jacques: “Commerce”, in The Cambridge Companion to Roman Law, (ed. Johnston, David), Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 213-246.
  • Baum, Georg: Das Vertragliche Wettbewerbsverbot, Guttentagsche, Berlin 1914.
  • Berger, Adolf: Encylopedic Dictionary of Roman Law, Philadelphia 1953.
  • Beseler, Gerhard: “Romanistische Studien”, in Zeitschrift der Savigny- Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte: Romanistische Abteilung, Vol. 50, Issue 1, Aug. 1930, pp. 18-77.
  • Buckland, William Warwick: The Roman Law of Slavery: The Condition of Slave in Private Law from Augustus to Justinian, Cambridge University Press, 1970.
  • Camacho López, María Elisa: “El contrato de agencia comercial. Análisis dentro del contexto del derecho romano”, Revista de Derecho Privado, Vol. 16, Jun. 2009, pp. 49-92.
  • Coffee, Neil: Gift and Gain-How Money Transformed Ancient Rome, Oxford University Press, 2017.
  • De Ligt, Luuk: “Roman Law, Markets and Market Prices”, in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society, (ed. Du Plessis, Paul J/Ando, Clifford/Tuori, Kaius), Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 660-671.
  • Del Granado, Juan Javier: “The Genius of Roman Law from a Law and Economics Perspective”, 13 San Diego Int’l L.J. Vol. 301, 2011, pp. 301-350.
  • Emmett, Arthur R.: “Roman Law, “Private Property and teh Public Domain: Lessons of Copyright Policy”, in Copyright Perspectives, Past, Present and Prospect, (ed. Fitzgerald, Brian/Gilchrist, John), Springer, Switzerland 2015, pp. 17-27.
  • Fabre, Georges: Libertus, patrons et affranchis à Rome, Roma, École Française de Rome, 1981.
  • Frank, Tenney (editor): An economic survey of ancient Rome, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore 1933-1940.
  • Garnsey, Peter: Non-slave labour in The Roman World’in Cities, Peasants and Food in Classical Antiquity, Essays in Social and Economic History, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Guggisberg, Paul: Die Konkurrenzklause, (Abhandlungen zum scweizerischen Recht), Bern 1907.
  • Karadeniz, Özcan: Iustinianus Zamanına Kadar Roma’da İş İlişkileri, Ankara Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Yayınları, No. 396, Sevinç Matbaası, Ankara 1976.
  • Koops, Egbert: “Price Setting and Other Attempts to Control The Economy”, in The Oxford Handbook of Roman Law and Society, (ed. Du Plessis, Paul J/Ando, Clifford/Tuori, Kaius), Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 609-621.
  • Lavaggi, Giuseppe: “Nuovi studi sui liberti”, in Studi in Onore di Pietro de Francisci, vol. II, Milán, Giuffrè, 1956, pp. 76-110.
  • Morley, Neville: Trade in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge University Press, 2007.
  • Schiller, A. Arthur: “Restraint of Trade in Classical Roman Law”, (Restraint of Trade), in Mnemosyna Pappulias, Athen 1934.
  • Schiller, A. Arthur: “The Business relations of Patron and Freedman in Classical Roman Law”, (Patron and Freedman) in Legal Essays in Tribute to Orrin Kip McMurray, University of California Press, Berkeley 1935, pp. 598-605.
  • Schiller, Arthur A.: “Trade Secrets and the Roman Law; the Actio Servi Corrupti”, (Trade), in American Experience in Roman Law, Göttingen 1971, pp.1-10.
  • Sirks, Adriaan Johan Boudewijn: “La laesio enormis en droit romain et byzantin”, Tijdschrift voor Rechtgeschiedenis, Vol. 53, pp. 291-307.
  • Türkoğlu Özdemir, Gökçe: “Roma Haksız Rekabet Hukukuna İlişkin Olarak Actio Servi Corrupti”, AÜHFD, 2005, Vol.54, Issue 4, pp. 213- 233.
  • Van den Bergh, Rena: “Patrons, Freedman and Convenants in Restraint of Trade”, 72 THRHR, Vol.74, 2009, pp. 74-91.
  • Wacke, Andreas: “Freedom of Contract and Restraint of Trade Clauses in Roman and Modern Law”, Law and History Review, Vol.11, No:1, Spring 1993, pp. 1-19.
  • Waldstein, Wolfgang: Operae libertorum: Untersuchungen zur Dienstpflicht freigelassener Sklaven, Franz Steiner, Stuttgart 1986.
  • Waltzing, Jean Pierre: Etude historique sur les corporations professionelles chez les romains, 4 vols. (1895-1900, repr. Hildesheim, 1970), Vol.1, pp.181-190.
  • Watson, Alan: “The Devolopment of Praetor’s Edict”, (Praetor), The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 60, 1970, pp. 105-119.
  • Watson, Alan: Roman Slave Law, (Slave), Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore 1937.
  • Watson, Alan: The Law of Persons in the Later Roman Republic, (Law of Persons), Claredon Press, 1967.
  • Zimmermann, Reinhard: The Law of Obligations, Roman Foundations of the Civilian Tradition, Oxford University Press, 1996.
  • http://www.thaliatook.com/OGOD/annona.php, (acsess date: 06.12.2018).
Primary Language en
Subjects Law
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-3501-6593
Author: İpek Sevda Söğüt

Dates

Publication Date : June 21, 2019

Bibtex @research article { deuhfd567626, journal = {Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1303-6963}, eissn = {2587-1870}, address = {hukuk@deu.edu.tr}, publisher = {Dokuz Eylul University}, year = {2019}, volume = {21}, pages = {305 - 332}, doi = {10.33717/deuhfd.567626}, title = {A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW}, key = {cite}, author = {Söğüt, İpek Sevda} }
APA Söğüt, İ . (2019). A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi , 21 (1) , 305-332 . DOI: 10.33717/deuhfd.567626
MLA Söğüt, İ . "A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2019 ): 305-332 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/deuhfd/issue/46780/567626>
Chicago Söğüt, İ . "A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2019 ): 305-332
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW AU - İpek Sevda Söğüt Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.33717/deuhfd.567626 DO - 10.33717/deuhfd.567626 T2 - Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 305 EP - 332 VL - 21 IS - 1 SN - 1303-6963-2587-1870 M3 - doi: 10.33717/deuhfd.567626 UR - https://doi.org/10.33717/deuhfd.567626 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW %A İpek Sevda Söğüt %T A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW %D 2019 %J Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1303-6963-2587-1870 %V 21 %N 1 %R doi: 10.33717/deuhfd.567626 %U 10.33717/deuhfd.567626
ISNAD Söğüt, İpek Sevda . "A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW". Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi 21 / 1 (June 2019): 305-332 . https://doi.org/10.33717/deuhfd.567626
AMA Söğüt İ . A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 21(1): 305-332.
Vancouver Söğüt İ . A GENERAL OUTLOOK ON THE ISSUE OF TRADE RESTRICTIONS IN ROMAN LAW. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 21(1): 332-305.