Case Report
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Results of VNeST Therapy in Transcortical Sensory Aphasia: A Case Study

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2, 184 - 207, 31.08.2022

Abstract

Purpose: Transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) is neurological syndrome which is among the rarest forms of aphasia subtypes. In TSA, naming and auditory comprehension skills are predominantly affected. It is reported in the literatüre that therapy methods aiming to improve word recall skills that focus on picture-word naming may not be successful in the generalization phase. The Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) was proposed based on previous studies reporting using VNeST that there is an increase in the lexical output of individuals with aphasia with limited verbal performances, and the semantic network of fluent individuals with aphasia is stronger compared to their previous performances. Following this treatment, it is suggested that the individuals produce sentences, make use of the discourse, and convey what they would like to express in a clearer way. The purpose of this study was to examine the results of VNeST on language, cognition and quality of life, which was implemented on o 45-year old male academician and architect whose native language is Turkish and who showed symptoms of transcortical sensory aphasia. Method: The VNeST therapy method was implemented for 3-3.5 hours per week for 10 weeks. The following tests were utilized: “Language Assessment Test for Aphasia” (ADD) was used to assess language skills. “Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test” (MoCA) was used to evaluate cognitive abilities of the case. “The Stroke and Aphasia Quality of Life Scale-39” (SAQOL-39) was finally administered to evaluate the quality of life of the case. Results: At the end of therapy, it was observed that there was an increase in the performance of the case in the all the sub-tests of the ADD Test, especially in the fluency in speech, auditory comprehension, naming, and reading skills subtests. This increase was observed as the scores of ADD obtained following the VNeST was compared to those of the evaluation carried out prior to conducting the therapy sessions. There was an increase in the general score belonging to MoCA, even though the case still experienced challenges related to the sections entitled abstraction and delayed recall. Considering the theoretical framework of VNeST therapy method, there was an increase in the quality of life of the case, especially in the communication sub-test scores that pertained to the SAQOL-39. Conclusion: Based on the findings of this case study, it was seen that the VNeST therapy method had positive impact on a set of parameters including language, cognition, and quality of life within a case with TSA. In prospective studies, it might be suggested that the VNeST be supported with discouse analysis. Also, the long-term efficiency of VNeST could be examined. This efficiency could also be extended to individuals with other types of aphasia including Wernicke, conduction aphasia and others.

References

  • Albert, M.L., Goodglass, H., Helm, N.A., Rubens, A.B., & Alexander, M.P. (2013). Clinical Aspects of Dysphasia (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag Wien.
  • Benson, D. F. & Ardila, A. (1996). Aphasia: A clinical perspective. Oxford University Press.
  • Berthier, M. L. (2005). Poststroke aphasia. Drugs & aging, 22(2), 163-182.
  • Boatman, D., Gordon, B., Benson, D. F. ve Ardila, A. (1996). Aphasia: A clinical perspective. Oxford University Press., J., Selnes, O., Miglioretti, D., & Lenz, F. (2000). Transcortical sensory aphasia: revisited and revişe
  • Bonini, M. V., & Radanovic, M. (2015). Cognitive deficits in post-stroke aphasia. Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria, 73(10), 840-847.
  • Bullier, B., Cassoudesalle, H., Villain, M., Cogné, M., Mollo, C., De Gabory, I., Dehail, P., Joseph, P., Sibon, I. ve Glize, B. (2020). New factors that affect quality of life in patients with aphasia. Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine, 63(1), 33-37.
  • Cauquil-Michon, C., Flamand-Roze, C.ve Denier, C. (2011). Borderzone strokes and transcortical aphasia. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 11(6), 570.
  • Code, C., & Petheram, B. (2011). Delivering for aphasia. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 13(1), 3-10.
  • Cruice, M., Worrall, L. ve Hickson, L. (2010). Health-related quality of life in people with aphasia: implications for fluency disorders quality of life research. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 35(3), 173-189.
  • Darrigrand, B., Dutheil, S., Michelet, V., Rereau, S., Rousseaux, M. ve Mazaux, J. M. (2011). Communication impairment and activity limitation in stroke patients with severe aphasia. Disability and rehabilitation, 33(13-14), 1169-1178.
  • Dronkers, N., & Baldo, J.V. (2009). Language: aphasia. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 343-348). Elsevier Ltd.
  • Edmonds, L. A. (2014). Tutorial for Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST): Detailed description of the treatment protocol with corresponding theoretical rationale. Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 24(3), 78-88.
  • Edmonds, L. A. (2016). A review of verb network strengthening treatment. Topics in Language Disorders, 36(2), 123-135.
  • Edmonds, L. A., & Babb, M. (2011). Effect of verb network strengthening treatment in moderate-to-severe aphasia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.
  • Edmonds, L. A., & Mizrahi, S. (2011). Online priming of agent and patient thematic roles and related verbs in younger and older adults. Aphasiology, 25(12), 1488-1506.
  • Edmonds, L. A., Mammino, K., & Ojeda, J. (2014). Effect of verb network strengthening treatment (VNeST) in persons with aphasia: Extension and replication of previous findings. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 23(2), S312-S329.
  • Edmonds, L. A., Nadeau, S. E., ve Kiran, S. (2009). Effect of Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) on lexical retrieval of content words in sentences in persons with aphasia. Aphasiology, 23(3), 402-424.
  • Edmonds, L. A., Obermeyer, J., ve Kernan, B. (2015). Investigation of pretreatment sentence production impairments in individuals with aphasia: Towards understanding the linguistic variables that impact generalisation in Verb Network Strengthening Treatment. Aphasiology, 29(11), 1312-1344.
  • Ellis, C., & Urban, S. (2016). Age and aphasia: a review of presence, type, recovery and clinical outcomes. Topics in stroke rehabilitation, 23(6), 430-439.
  • Engelter, S. T., Gostynski, M., Papa, S., Frei, M., Born, C., Ajdacic-Gross, V., Gutzwiller, F. ve Lyrer, P. A. (2006). Epidemiology of aphasia attributable to first ischemic stroke: incidence, severity, fluency, etiology, and thrombolysis. Stroke 37, 1379–1384.
  • Ferretti, T. R., McRae, K., ve Hatherell, A. (2001). Integrating verbs, situation schemas, and thematic role concepts. Journal of Memory and Language, 44(4), 516-547.
  • Furnas, D. W., & Edmonds, L. A. (2014). The effect of computerised Verb Network Strengthening Treatment on lexical retrieval in aphasia. Aphasiology, 28(4), 401-420.
  • Helm-Estabrooks, N. (2002). Cognition and aphasia: a discussion and a study. Journal of communication disorders, 35(2), 171-186.
  • Helm-Estabrooks, N., Albert, M.L. ve Nicholas, M. (2014). Manual of Aphasia and Aphasia Therapy (3. baskı). Pro-Ed, Inc.
  • Hilari, K., Byng, S., Lamping, D. L. ve Smith, S. C. (2003). Stroke and aphasia quality of life scale-39 (SAQOL-39) evaluation of acceptability, reliability, and validity. Stroke, 34(8), 1944-1950.
  • Kalbe, E., Reinhold, N., Brand, M., Markowitsch, H. J. ve Kessler, J. (2005). A new test battery to assess aphasic disturbances and associated cognitive dysfunctions—German normative data on the aphasia check list. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology, 27(7), 779-794.
  • Kaufman, D. M. & Milstein, M. J. (2013). Kaufman’s clinical neurology for psychiatrists (7. baskı). Elsevier
  • Kirshner, H. S., & Wilson, S. M. (2021). Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice E-Book, 133
  • Kaufman, D. M. & Milstein, M. J. (2013). Kaufman’s clinical neurology for psychiatrists (7. baskı). Elsevier
  • Kwag, E. J., Sung, J. E., Kim, Y. ve Cheon, H. (2014). Effects of verb network strengthening treatment on retrieval of verbs and nouns in persons with aphasia. Communication Sciences & Disorders, 19(1), 89-98.
  • Lam, J. M., & Wodchis, W. P. (2010). The relationship of 60 disease diagnoses and 15 conditions to preference-based health-related quality of life in Ontario hospital-based long-term care residents. Medical care, 380-387.
  • Lee, B., & Pyun, S. B. (2014). Characteristics of cognitive impairment in patients with post-stroke aphasia. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, 38(6), 759.
  • Loverso, F. L., Prescott, T. E. ve Selinger, M. (1988). Cueing verbs: a treatment strategy for aphasic adults (CVT). Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 25(2), 47-60.
  • Marinelli, C. V., Spaccavento, S., Craca, A., Marangolo, P. ve Angelelli, P. (2017). Different cognitive profiles of patients with severe aphasia. Behavioural neurology, 2017
  • Maviş, İ. & Toğram, B. (2009). Afazi dil değerlendirme testi. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
  • McNeil, M. R. & Kimelman, M. D. (1986, May). Toward an integrative information-processing structure of auditory comprehension and processing in adult aphasia. In Seminars in Speech and Language (Vol. 7, No. 02, pp. 123-146). © 1986 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc..
  • McNeil, M. R. & Pratt, S. R. (2001). Defining aphasia: Some theoretical and clinical implications of operating from a formal definition. Aphasiology, 15(10-11), 901-911.
  • Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. An expanded sourcebook (2. baskı). Sage.
  • Nalçacı, E., Kalaycıoğlu, C., Güneş, E. ve Çiçek, M. (2002). El Tercihi Anketinin geçerlik ve güvenilirliği. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 13(2), 99-106.
  • Nasieddine, Z. (2004). Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). École des sciences de la réadaptation, Sciences de la santé, Université d'Ottawa.
  • Noyan-ErbaŞ, A., & Toğram, B. (2016). Stroke and aphasia quality-of-life scale-39: Reliability and validity of the Turkish version. International journal of speech-language pathology, 18(5), 432-438.
  • Nyström, M. (2006). Aphasia–an existential loneliness: A study on the loss of the world of symbols. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 1(1), 38-49.
  • Ones, K., Yilmaz, E., Cetinkaya, B. ve Caglar, N. (2005). Quality of life for patients poststroke and the factors affecting it. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 14(6), 261-266.
  • Parr, S. (2001). Psychosocial aspects of aphasia: whose perspectives?. Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica, 53(5), 266-288.
  • Parr, S., Hewitt, A., Byng, S., Pound, C. (2004). Living with Severe Aphasia: The Experience of Communication Inpairment After Stroke. Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  • Rangamani, G. N., & Judovsky, H. M. (2020). Quality of communication life in people with aphasia: Implications for intervention. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 23(Suppl 2), S156.
  • Rønning, O. M., & Stavem, K. (2008). Determinants of change in quality of life from 1 to 6 months following acute stroke. Cerebrovascular diseases, 25(1-2), 67-73.
  • Selekler, K., CANGÖZ, B. ve Uluc, S. (2010). Power of discrimination of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) Scale in Turkish patients with mild cognitive impairement and Alzheimer's disease.
  • Spaccavento, S., Craca, A., Del Prete, M., Falcone, R., Colucci, A., Di Palma, A., & Loverre, A. (2014). Quality of life measurement and outcome in aphasia. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 10, 27.
  • Swanberg, M., Nasreddine, Z. S., Mendez, M. F. ve Cummings, J. L. (2007). Speech and language. C. Goetz (Eds.) içinde, Textbook of clinical neurology (ss. 79-98). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.
  • Toğram, B. (2008). Sağlıklı ve inmeli bireylere uygulana Afazide Dil Değerlendirme Aracı’nın geçerlik, güvenirlik ve standardizasyon çalışması Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi. Anadolu Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Eskişehir.
  • Toğram, B., & Maviş, İ. (2012). Validity, reliability and standardization study of the language assessment test for aphasia. Turkish Journal of Neurology, 18(3), 96-103.
  • Yang, D. (2020). Assessing and Treating a Severe Word-Finding Deficit in a Person with Transcortical Sensory Aphasia: A Single Case Study.
  • Yule, G., (2010). The Study of Language (4. baskı). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Zhou, Q., Lu, X., Zhang, Y., Sun, Z., Li, J. ve Zhu, Z. (2018). Telerehabilitation combined speech-language and cognitive training effectively promoted recovery in aphasia patients. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 2312.

Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu

Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2, 184 - 207, 31.08.2022

Abstract

Amaç: Afazi alt tiplerinin en nadir görülen formları arasında olan transkortikal sensöriyel afazi ağırlıklı olarak adlandırma ve işitsel anlama becerilerinin etkilendiği nörolojik bir sendromdur. Bu çalışmanın amacı, transkortikal sensöriyel afazi bulgularını işaret eden, anadili Türkçe olan bir olguya uygulanan VNeST terapi yönteminin dil, biliş ve yaşam kalitesi üzerindeki sonuçlarını incelemektir. Yöntem: Olguya 10 hafta boyunca haftada 3-3,5 saat olmak üzere VNeST terapi yöntemi uygulanmıştır. Olgunun terapi öncesi ve terapi sonrası dil becerileri Afazi Dil Değerlendirme Testi (ADD); bilişsel becerileri Montreal Bilişsel Değerlendirme Ölçeği (MoCA); yaşam kalitesi İnme ve Afazi Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği (SAQOL-39) aracılığı ile değerlendirilmiştir. Bulgular: Olguya uygulanan VNeST terapi yöntemi sonrasında terapi öncesindeki değerlendirme sonuçlarına kıyasla ADD testinin tüm alt alanlarında özellikle de konuşma akıcılığı, işitsel anlama, adlandırma ve okuma becerilerinde artış olduğu görülmüştür. MoCA’da genel puan artışı olmakla birlikte soyut düşünme ve gecikmeli hatırlama bölümlerinde etkilenimin devam ettiği saptanmıştır. VNeST terapi yönteminin kavramsal çerçevesi ile bağdaştığı düşünülerek araştırılan yaşam kalitesinde, özellikle de iletişim alt alanında artış olduğu görülmüştür. Sonuç: Transkortikal sensöriyel afazide VNeST terapi yönteminin dil, biliş ve yaşam kalitesi bulguları üzerinde olumlu etkiler gösterdiği saptanmıştır. Bu çalışma, bir olgu üzerinde uygulanan VNeST’in Türkçe’de uygulamasını göstermekle birlikte bu terapi yönteminin diğer dillerde de uygulanabileceğini desteklemektedir.

References

  • Albert, M.L., Goodglass, H., Helm, N.A., Rubens, A.B., & Alexander, M.P. (2013). Clinical Aspects of Dysphasia (Vol. 2). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag Wien.
  • Benson, D. F. & Ardila, A. (1996). Aphasia: A clinical perspective. Oxford University Press.
  • Berthier, M. L. (2005). Poststroke aphasia. Drugs & aging, 22(2), 163-182.
  • Boatman, D., Gordon, B., Benson, D. F. ve Ardila, A. (1996). Aphasia: A clinical perspective. Oxford University Press., J., Selnes, O., Miglioretti, D., & Lenz, F. (2000). Transcortical sensory aphasia: revisited and revişe
  • Bonini, M. V., & Radanovic, M. (2015). Cognitive deficits in post-stroke aphasia. Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria, 73(10), 840-847.
  • Bullier, B., Cassoudesalle, H., Villain, M., Cogné, M., Mollo, C., De Gabory, I., Dehail, P., Joseph, P., Sibon, I. ve Glize, B. (2020). New factors that affect quality of life in patients with aphasia. Annals of physical and rehabilitation medicine, 63(1), 33-37.
  • Cauquil-Michon, C., Flamand-Roze, C.ve Denier, C. (2011). Borderzone strokes and transcortical aphasia. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 11(6), 570.
  • Code, C., & Petheram, B. (2011). Delivering for aphasia. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 13(1), 3-10.
  • Cruice, M., Worrall, L. ve Hickson, L. (2010). Health-related quality of life in people with aphasia: implications for fluency disorders quality of life research. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 35(3), 173-189.
  • Darrigrand, B., Dutheil, S., Michelet, V., Rereau, S., Rousseaux, M. ve Mazaux, J. M. (2011). Communication impairment and activity limitation in stroke patients with severe aphasia. Disability and rehabilitation, 33(13-14), 1169-1178.
  • Dronkers, N., & Baldo, J.V. (2009). Language: aphasia. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 343-348). Elsevier Ltd.
  • Edmonds, L. A. (2014). Tutorial for Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST): Detailed description of the treatment protocol with corresponding theoretical rationale. Perspectives on Neurophysiology and Neurogenic Speech and Language Disorders, 24(3), 78-88.
  • Edmonds, L. A. (2016). A review of verb network strengthening treatment. Topics in Language Disorders, 36(2), 123-135.
  • Edmonds, L. A., & Babb, M. (2011). Effect of verb network strengthening treatment in moderate-to-severe aphasia. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.
  • Edmonds, L. A., & Mizrahi, S. (2011). Online priming of agent and patient thematic roles and related verbs in younger and older adults. Aphasiology, 25(12), 1488-1506.
  • Edmonds, L. A., Mammino, K., & Ojeda, J. (2014). Effect of verb network strengthening treatment (VNeST) in persons with aphasia: Extension and replication of previous findings. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 23(2), S312-S329.
  • Edmonds, L. A., Nadeau, S. E., ve Kiran, S. (2009). Effect of Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) on lexical retrieval of content words in sentences in persons with aphasia. Aphasiology, 23(3), 402-424.
  • Edmonds, L. A., Obermeyer, J., ve Kernan, B. (2015). Investigation of pretreatment sentence production impairments in individuals with aphasia: Towards understanding the linguistic variables that impact generalisation in Verb Network Strengthening Treatment. Aphasiology, 29(11), 1312-1344.
  • Ellis, C., & Urban, S. (2016). Age and aphasia: a review of presence, type, recovery and clinical outcomes. Topics in stroke rehabilitation, 23(6), 430-439.
  • Engelter, S. T., Gostynski, M., Papa, S., Frei, M., Born, C., Ajdacic-Gross, V., Gutzwiller, F. ve Lyrer, P. A. (2006). Epidemiology of aphasia attributable to first ischemic stroke: incidence, severity, fluency, etiology, and thrombolysis. Stroke 37, 1379–1384.
  • Ferretti, T. R., McRae, K., ve Hatherell, A. (2001). Integrating verbs, situation schemas, and thematic role concepts. Journal of Memory and Language, 44(4), 516-547.
  • Furnas, D. W., & Edmonds, L. A. (2014). The effect of computerised Verb Network Strengthening Treatment on lexical retrieval in aphasia. Aphasiology, 28(4), 401-420.
  • Helm-Estabrooks, N. (2002). Cognition and aphasia: a discussion and a study. Journal of communication disorders, 35(2), 171-186.
  • Helm-Estabrooks, N., Albert, M.L. ve Nicholas, M. (2014). Manual of Aphasia and Aphasia Therapy (3. baskı). Pro-Ed, Inc.
  • Hilari, K., Byng, S., Lamping, D. L. ve Smith, S. C. (2003). Stroke and aphasia quality of life scale-39 (SAQOL-39) evaluation of acceptability, reliability, and validity. Stroke, 34(8), 1944-1950.
  • Kalbe, E., Reinhold, N., Brand, M., Markowitsch, H. J. ve Kessler, J. (2005). A new test battery to assess aphasic disturbances and associated cognitive dysfunctions—German normative data on the aphasia check list. Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology, 27(7), 779-794.
  • Kaufman, D. M. & Milstein, M. J. (2013). Kaufman’s clinical neurology for psychiatrists (7. baskı). Elsevier
  • Kirshner, H. S., & Wilson, S. M. (2021). Aphasia and aphasic syndromes. Bradley's Neurology in Clinical Practice E-Book, 133
  • Kaufman, D. M. & Milstein, M. J. (2013). Kaufman’s clinical neurology for psychiatrists (7. baskı). Elsevier
  • Kwag, E. J., Sung, J. E., Kim, Y. ve Cheon, H. (2014). Effects of verb network strengthening treatment on retrieval of verbs and nouns in persons with aphasia. Communication Sciences & Disorders, 19(1), 89-98.
  • Lam, J. M., & Wodchis, W. P. (2010). The relationship of 60 disease diagnoses and 15 conditions to preference-based health-related quality of life in Ontario hospital-based long-term care residents. Medical care, 380-387.
  • Lee, B., & Pyun, S. B. (2014). Characteristics of cognitive impairment in patients with post-stroke aphasia. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, 38(6), 759.
  • Loverso, F. L., Prescott, T. E. ve Selinger, M. (1988). Cueing verbs: a treatment strategy for aphasic adults (CVT). Journal of rehabilitation research and development, 25(2), 47-60.
  • Marinelli, C. V., Spaccavento, S., Craca, A., Marangolo, P. ve Angelelli, P. (2017). Different cognitive profiles of patients with severe aphasia. Behavioural neurology, 2017
  • Maviş, İ. & Toğram, B. (2009). Afazi dil değerlendirme testi. Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
  • McNeil, M. R. & Kimelman, M. D. (1986, May). Toward an integrative information-processing structure of auditory comprehension and processing in adult aphasia. In Seminars in Speech and Language (Vol. 7, No. 02, pp. 123-146). © 1986 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc..
  • McNeil, M. R. & Pratt, S. R. (2001). Defining aphasia: Some theoretical and clinical implications of operating from a formal definition. Aphasiology, 15(10-11), 901-911.
  • Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. An expanded sourcebook (2. baskı). Sage.
  • Nalçacı, E., Kalaycıoğlu, C., Güneş, E. ve Çiçek, M. (2002). El Tercihi Anketinin geçerlik ve güvenilirliği. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, 13(2), 99-106.
  • Nasieddine, Z. (2004). Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA). École des sciences de la réadaptation, Sciences de la santé, Université d'Ottawa.
  • Noyan-ErbaŞ, A., & Toğram, B. (2016). Stroke and aphasia quality-of-life scale-39: Reliability and validity of the Turkish version. International journal of speech-language pathology, 18(5), 432-438.
  • Nyström, M. (2006). Aphasia–an existential loneliness: A study on the loss of the world of symbols. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 1(1), 38-49.
  • Ones, K., Yilmaz, E., Cetinkaya, B. ve Caglar, N. (2005). Quality of life for patients poststroke and the factors affecting it. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 14(6), 261-266.
  • Parr, S. (2001). Psychosocial aspects of aphasia: whose perspectives?. Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica, 53(5), 266-288.
  • Parr, S., Hewitt, A., Byng, S., Pound, C. (2004). Living with Severe Aphasia: The Experience of Communication Inpairment After Stroke. Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  • Rangamani, G. N., & Judovsky, H. M. (2020). Quality of communication life in people with aphasia: Implications for intervention. Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, 23(Suppl 2), S156.
  • Rønning, O. M., & Stavem, K. (2008). Determinants of change in quality of life from 1 to 6 months following acute stroke. Cerebrovascular diseases, 25(1-2), 67-73.
  • Selekler, K., CANGÖZ, B. ve Uluc, S. (2010). Power of discrimination of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) Scale in Turkish patients with mild cognitive impairement and Alzheimer's disease.
  • Spaccavento, S., Craca, A., Del Prete, M., Falcone, R., Colucci, A., Di Palma, A., & Loverre, A. (2014). Quality of life measurement and outcome in aphasia. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 10, 27.
  • Swanberg, M., Nasreddine, Z. S., Mendez, M. F. ve Cummings, J. L. (2007). Speech and language. C. Goetz (Eds.) içinde, Textbook of clinical neurology (ss. 79-98). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.
  • Toğram, B. (2008). Sağlıklı ve inmeli bireylere uygulana Afazide Dil Değerlendirme Aracı’nın geçerlik, güvenirlik ve standardizasyon çalışması Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi. Anadolu Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Eskişehir.
  • Toğram, B., & Maviş, İ. (2012). Validity, reliability and standardization study of the language assessment test for aphasia. Turkish Journal of Neurology, 18(3), 96-103.
  • Yang, D. (2020). Assessing and Treating a Severe Word-Finding Deficit in a Person with Transcortical Sensory Aphasia: A Single Case Study.
  • Yule, G., (2010). The Study of Language (4. baskı). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  • Zhou, Q., Lu, X., Zhang, Y., Sun, Z., Li, J. ve Zhu, Z. (2018). Telerehabilitation combined speech-language and cognitive training effectively promoted recovery in aphasia patients. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 2312.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Case Report
Authors

Cansu YILDIRIM> (Primary Author)
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9957-3006
Türkiye


Kübra TETİK HACITAHİROĞLU>
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3474-596X
Türkiye


Bircan BALSEÇEN>
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-7966-7067
Türkiye


Seren DÜZENLİ ÖZTÜRK>
İZMİR BAKIRÇAY ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3630-173X
Türkiye

Early Pub Date August 31, 2022
Publication Date August 31, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 5, Issue 2

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Bibtex @case report { dkyad1139714, journal = {Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi}, eissn = {2651-2548}, address = {}, publisher = {Dil ve Konuşma Terapistleri Derneği}, year = {2022}, volume = {5}, number = {2}, pages = {184 - 207}, title = {Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu}, key = {cite}, author = {Yıldırım, Cansu and Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu, Kübra and Balseçen, Bircan and Düzenli Öztürk, Seren} }
APA Yıldırım, C. , Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu, K. , Balseçen, B. & Düzenli Öztürk, S. (2022). Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu . Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi , 5 (2) , 184-207 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/dkyad/issue/72426/1139714
MLA Yıldırım, C. , Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu, K. , Balseçen, B. , Düzenli Öztürk, S. "Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu" . Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 (2022 ): 184-207 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/dkyad/issue/72426/1139714>
Chicago Yıldırım, C. , Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu, K. , Balseçen, B. , Düzenli Öztürk, S. "Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu". Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 (2022 ): 184-207
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Results of VNeST Therapy in Transcortical Sensory Aphasia: A Case Study AU - CansuYıldırım, KübraTetik Hacıtahiroğlu, BircanBalseçen, SerenDüzenli Öztürk Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - DO - T2 - Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 184 EP - 207 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - -2651-2548 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu %A Cansu Yıldırım , Kübra Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu , Bircan Balseçen , Seren Düzenli Öztürk %T Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu %D 2022 %J Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi %P -2651-2548 %V 5 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Yıldırım, Cansu , Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu, Kübra , Balseçen, Bircan , Düzenli Öztürk, Seren . "Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu". Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 / 2 (August 2022): 184-207 .
AMA Yıldırım C. , Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu K. , Balseçen B. , Düzenli Öztürk S. Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu. dkyad. 2022; 5(2): 184-207.
Vancouver Yıldırım C. , Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu K. , Balseçen B. , Düzenli Öztürk S. Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu. Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2022; 5(2): 184-207.
IEEE C. Yıldırım , K. Tetik Hacıtahiroğlu , B. Balseçen and S. Düzenli Öztürk , "Transkortikal Sensöriyel Afazide VNeST Terapi Yönteminin Sonuçları: Bir Olgu Sunumu", Dil Konuşma ve Yutma Araştırmaları Dergisi, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 184-207, Aug. 2022

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