Year 2020, Volume 8 , Issue 2, Pages 1236 - 1249 2020-04-30

Türkiye’de Doğal ve Plantasyon Meşcerelerinde Yetişen Dar Yapraklı Dişbudak (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) Ağaçlarının Bazı Odun Özellikleri
Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey

Kamile TIRAK HIZAL [1] , Nurgün ERDİN [2]


Orman Ürünleri Endüstrisi için dişbudak odunu çok önemli bir yer tutmakta ve hızlı büyüme yeteneğinden dolayı yıllardır yetiştirilmektedir. Odun kalitesi çeşitli faktörlere bağlı olarak değişebilir ki bunlardan en önemlisi yetişme yeri şartlarıdır. Bu çalışmanın amacı Türkiye ‘de farklı bölgelerde yetişen doğal ve plantasyonla yetişen dar yapraklı dişbudak (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) odunlarının anatomik ve fiziksel özellikleri ile liflere paralel direncini belirlemektir. İncelenen tüm odun özellikleri için doğal ve plantasyonda yetişen ağaçlar arasında anlamlı farklılıklar gözlemlenmiştir. Plantasyonda yetişen ağaçların odunları daha kalın lif çeperi, düşük ilkbahar odunu trahe sıklığı, daha yüksek ve/veya eşit oranda öz ışını genişliği, daha kısa ilkbahar odunu traheleri, daha düşük multiseri öz ışını yüksekliği ve uzunluğuna sahiptir ve yoğunlukları fazladır. Plantasyonda yetişen ağaçlarda maksimum fırın kurusu yoğunluk (d0) değeri Sinop bölgesinde 0.773 gr.cm-3 ve Adaparı bölgesinde 0.719 gr.cm-3’dir. Daha yoğun plantasyon ağaçlarında daha yüksek daralma miktarı elde edilmiştir. Her iki bölgede de plantasyonda yetişen ağaçların (53.32 N.mm-2 in Adapazarı and 55.32 N.mm-2 in Sinop) liflere paralel basınç direnci doğal yetişenlerden (51.02 N.mm-2 in Adapazarı and 50.05 N.mm- 2 in Sinop) daha yüksek çıkmıştır. Sonuç olarak; plantasyonla yetiştirilen dar yapraklı dişbudak odunları daralma miktarları hariç daha iyi odun özellikleri göstermiştir. 

Ash wood is very important for forest products industry. Because of its fast growing property it was planting for severeal years. Wood quality may change with several factors which one of the important factor is site conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the anatomical, physical properties and compression strength paralell to grain of natural and planted narrow leaved ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) wood at different sites in Turkey. It was shown that there was a significant difference between natural and planted trees and between regions for all wood properties. Planted trees had higher density which had thicker double fiber cell wall, lower earlywood vessel frequency, higher and/or similar ray width, shorter earlywood vessels, lower multiseriate ray high number and length. The maximum oven-dry densities were 0.773 gr.cm-3 in Sinop and 0.719 gr.cm-3 in Adapazarı for planted trees. Higher shrinkage values were observed in denser planted trees. Planted trees exhibited higher compression strength parallel to grain (53.32 N.mm-2 in Adapazarı and 55.32 N.mm-2 in Sinop) than natural trees (51.02 N.mm-2 in Adapazarı and 50.05 N.mm- 2 in Sinop). As a result; planted NLA wood showed better wood properties except shrinkage values.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7114-6320
Author: Kamile TIRAK HIZAL (Primary Author)
Institution: DUZCE UNIVERSITY
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6619-726X
Author: Nurgün ERDİN
Institution: İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Thanks This study was prepared by Kamile TIRAK HIZAL and a part of doctorate thesis which name is “Comparison of Structural Properties of Ash and Alder Wood Species Grown in Natural and Planted stands” in Istanbul University, Institute of Science, Forest Industry Engineering Department. Thank for Istanbul University and Forest Industry Engeneering Department, Prof. Dr. Yılmaz BOZKURT Wood Anatomy Laboratory.
Dates

Publication Date : April 30, 2020

Bibtex @research article { dubited643212, journal = {Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-2446}, address = {}, publisher = {Duzce University}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {1236 - 1249}, doi = {10.29130/dubited.643212}, title = {Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Tırak Hızal, Kamile and Erdi̇n, Nurgün} }
APA Tırak Hızal, K , Erdi̇n, N . (2020). Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey . Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , 8 (2) , 1236-1249 . DOI: 10.29130/dubited.643212
MLA Tırak Hızal, K , Erdi̇n, N . "Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey" . Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 1236-1249 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/dubited/issue/55096/643212>
Chicago Tırak Hızal, K , Erdi̇n, N . "Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey". Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 1236-1249
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey AU - Kamile Tırak Hızal , Nurgün Erdi̇n Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.29130/dubited.643212 DO - 10.29130/dubited.643212 T2 - Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1236 EP - 1249 VL - 8 IS - 2 SN - -2148-2446 M3 - doi: 10.29130/dubited.643212 UR - https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.643212 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey %A Kamile Tırak Hızal , Nurgün Erdi̇n %T Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey %D 2020 %J Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2446 %V 8 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29130/dubited.643212 %U 10.29130/dubited.643212
ISNAD Tırak Hızal, Kamile , Erdi̇n, Nurgün . "Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey". Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 / 2 (April 2020): 1236-1249 . https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.643212
AMA Tırak Hızal K , Erdi̇n N . Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey. DÜBİTED. 2020; 8(2): 1236-1249.
Vancouver Tırak Hızal K , Erdi̇n N . Some of Wood Properties of Narrow Leaved Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia Vahl.) From Natural and Plantation Stands in Turkey. Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2020; 8(2): 1236-1249.