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Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea

Year 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, 1626 - 1633, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.654169

Abstract

Tricobalt tetraoxide (Co3O4) samples having different thiourea/Co molar ratio of 0, 5 and 10 were prepared by wet chemical synthesis. The effects of thiourea content on the crystal structure-related parameters of Co3O4 were determined. The increase in the amount of thiourea caused a gradual decrease in the lattice parameters and specific surface area and an increase in the crystallinity and crystallite size. The experimental analysis results showed that thiourea content can be used to control the crystal structure-related parameters of Co3O4.

References

  • [1] T. Zhou, T. Zhang, J. Deng, R. Zhang, Z. Lou and L. Wang, “P-type Co3O4 nanomaterials-based gas sensor: Preparation and acetone sensing performance,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 242, pp. 369-377, 2017.
  • [2] N. Sheibani, M. Kazemipour, S. Jahani and M. Foroughi, “A novel highly sensitive thebaine sensor based on MWCNT and dandelion-like Co3O4 nanoflowers fabricated via solvothermal synthesis,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 149, pp. 103980, 2019.
  • [3] F. Qu, T. Thomas, B. Zhang, X. Zhou, S. Zhang, S. Ruan M. Yang, “Self-sacrificing templated formation of Co3O4/ZnCo2O4 composite hollow nanostructures for highly sensitive detecting acetone vapor,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 273, pp. 1202-1210, 2018.
  • [4] L. Wang, Y.F. Yuan, Y.Q. Zheng, X.T. Zhang, S.M. Yin and S.Y. Guo, “Capsule-like Co3O4 nanocage@ Co3O4 nanoframework/TiO2 nodes as anode material for lithium-ion batteries,” Materials Letters, vol. 253, pp. 5-8, 2019.
  • [5] S.A. Pawar, D.S. Patil and J.C. Shin, “Transition of hexagonal to square sheets of Co3O4 in a triple heterostructure of Co3O4/MnO2/GO for high performance supercapacitor electrode,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 794-803, 2019.
  • [6] J. Koza, Z. He, A. Miller and J. Switzer, “Electrodeposition of crystalline Co3O4—A catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 24, no. 18, pp. 3567-3573, 2012.
  • [7] J. Jang and L. Li, “Synthesis of sphere-like Co3O4 nanocrystals via a simple polyol route,” Materials Letters, vol. 61, no. 27, pp. 4894-4896, 2007.
  • [8] B. Zhang, X. Zhou, C. Jiang, F. Qu and M. Yang, “Facile synthesis of mesoporous Co3O4 nanofans as gas sensing materials for selective detection of xylene vapor,” Materials Letters, vol. 218, pp. 127-130, 2018.
  • [9] X. Luo, W. Cao and M. Xing, “Preparation of nano Y2O2S:Eu phosphor by ethanol assisted combustion synthesis method,” Journal of Rare Earths, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 20-24, 2006.
  • [10] O. Kaygili, C. Tatar, S. Keser and N. Bulut, “Preparation and characterization of monetites co-doped with Ni/Al, Ni/Mn and Al/Mn,” Materials Letters, vol. 201, pp. 39-42, 2017.
  • [11] A.B. Vennela, D. Mangalaraj, N. Muthukumarasamy, S. Agilan and K.V. Hemalatha, “Structural and optical properties of Co3O4 nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel technique for photocatalytic application,” International Journal of Electrochemical Science, pp. 3535-3552, 2019.
  • [12] B.D. Cullity, Elements of X–ray Diffraction. 2nd Edition, Massachusetts, USA: Addison–Wesley Publishing Company, 1978, p. 102.
  • [13] J. Pal and P. Chauhan, “Study of physical properties of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanocrystals,” Materials Characterization, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 575-579, 2010.
  • [14] M.C. Gardey Merino, M. Palermo, R. Belda, M.E. Fernández de Rapp, G.E. Lascalea and P.G. Vázquez, “Combustion synthesis of Co3O4 nanoparticles: Fuel ratio effect on the physical properties of the resulting powders,” Procedia Materials Science, vol. 1, pp. 588-593, 2012.
  • [15] M. Th. Makhlouf, B. M. Abu-Zied and T. H. Mansoure, “Direct fabrication of cobalt oxide nano-particles employing glycine as a combustion fuel,” Physical Chemistry, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 86-93, 2013.
  • [16] M. Makhlouf, B. Abu-Zied and T. Mansoure, “Direct fabrication of cobalt oxide nanoparticles employing sucrose as a combustion fuel,” Journal of Nanoparticles, vol. 2013, pp. 1-7, 2013.
  • [17] K. Venkateswara Rao and C.S. Sunandana, “Co3O4 nanoparticles by chemical combustion: Effect of fuel to oxidizer ratio on structure, microstructure and EPR,” Solid State Communications, vol. 148, no. 1-2, 32-37, 2008.
  • [18] L. Carvalho, V. Melo, E. Vitor Sobrinho, D. Ruiz and D. Melo, “Effect of urea excess on the properties of the MgAl2O4 obtained by microwave-assisted combustion,” Materials Research, vol. 21, no. 1, 2017.
  • [19] A. Khorsand Zak, W. Abd Majid, M.E. Abrishami and R. Yousefi, “X-ray analysis of ZnO nanoparticles by Williamson–Hall and size–strain plot methods,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 251-256, 2011.
  • [20] G. Anandha Babu, G. Ravi, Y. Hayakawa and M. Kumaresavanji, “Synthesis and calcinations effects on size analysis of Co3O4 nanospheres and their superparamagnetic behaviors,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 375, 184-193, 2015.
  • [21] M. Galini, M. Salehi and M. Behzad, “Structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of Dy-doped Co3O4 nanostructures for the electrochemical evolution of oxygen in alkaline media,” Journal of Nanostructures, Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 391-403, 2018.
  • [22] S. Bhagade, S. Chaurasia and B. Bhanage, “Reductive-hydroformylation of 1-octene to nonanol using fibrous Co3O4 catalyst,” Catalysis Today, vol. 309, pp. 147-152, 2018.
  • [23] H. Bazrafshan, R.S. Touba, Z.A. Tesieh, S. Dabirnia and B. Nasernejad, “Hydrothermal synthesis of Co3O4 nanosheets and its application in photoelectrochemical water splitting,” Chemical Engineering Communications, vol. 204, no. 10, 1105-1112, 2017.

Tiyoüre İlavesiyle Co3O4’ün Kristalleşmesinin Geliştirilmesi

Year 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2, 1626 - 1633, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.654169

Abstract

Tiyoüre/Co molar oranı 0, 5 ve 10 olan trikobalt tetraoksit (Co3O4) numuneleri yaş kimyasal sentez ile hazırlandı. Tiyoüre içeriğinin Co3O4’ün kristal yapısıyla ilgili parametreleri üzerine etkileri belirlendi. Tiyoüre miktarındaki artış, örgü parametreleri ve spesifik yüzey alanında kademeli bir düşüşe, kristalleşme ve kristal büyüklüğünde bir düşüşe neden oldu. Deneysel analiz sonuçları, tiyoüre içeriğinin Co3O4’ün kristal yapısıyla ilgili parametrelerinin kontrol edilmesinde kullanılabileceğini gösterdi.

References

  • [1] T. Zhou, T. Zhang, J. Deng, R. Zhang, Z. Lou and L. Wang, “P-type Co3O4 nanomaterials-based gas sensor: Preparation and acetone sensing performance,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 242, pp. 369-377, 2017.
  • [2] N. Sheibani, M. Kazemipour, S. Jahani and M. Foroughi, “A novel highly sensitive thebaine sensor based on MWCNT and dandelion-like Co3O4 nanoflowers fabricated via solvothermal synthesis,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 149, pp. 103980, 2019.
  • [3] F. Qu, T. Thomas, B. Zhang, X. Zhou, S. Zhang, S. Ruan M. Yang, “Self-sacrificing templated formation of Co3O4/ZnCo2O4 composite hollow nanostructures for highly sensitive detecting acetone vapor,” Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 273, pp. 1202-1210, 2018.
  • [4] L. Wang, Y.F. Yuan, Y.Q. Zheng, X.T. Zhang, S.M. Yin and S.Y. Guo, “Capsule-like Co3O4 nanocage@ Co3O4 nanoframework/TiO2 nodes as anode material for lithium-ion batteries,” Materials Letters, vol. 253, pp. 5-8, 2019.
  • [5] S.A. Pawar, D.S. Patil and J.C. Shin, “Transition of hexagonal to square sheets of Co3O4 in a triple heterostructure of Co3O4/MnO2/GO for high performance supercapacitor electrode,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 794-803, 2019.
  • [6] J. Koza, Z. He, A. Miller and J. Switzer, “Electrodeposition of crystalline Co3O4—A catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 24, no. 18, pp. 3567-3573, 2012.
  • [7] J. Jang and L. Li, “Synthesis of sphere-like Co3O4 nanocrystals via a simple polyol route,” Materials Letters, vol. 61, no. 27, pp. 4894-4896, 2007.
  • [8] B. Zhang, X. Zhou, C. Jiang, F. Qu and M. Yang, “Facile synthesis of mesoporous Co3O4 nanofans as gas sensing materials for selective detection of xylene vapor,” Materials Letters, vol. 218, pp. 127-130, 2018.
  • [9] X. Luo, W. Cao and M. Xing, “Preparation of nano Y2O2S:Eu phosphor by ethanol assisted combustion synthesis method,” Journal of Rare Earths, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 20-24, 2006.
  • [10] O. Kaygili, C. Tatar, S. Keser and N. Bulut, “Preparation and characterization of monetites co-doped with Ni/Al, Ni/Mn and Al/Mn,” Materials Letters, vol. 201, pp. 39-42, 2017.
  • [11] A.B. Vennela, D. Mangalaraj, N. Muthukumarasamy, S. Agilan and K.V. Hemalatha, “Structural and optical properties of Co3O4 nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel technique for photocatalytic application,” International Journal of Electrochemical Science, pp. 3535-3552, 2019.
  • [12] B.D. Cullity, Elements of X–ray Diffraction. 2nd Edition, Massachusetts, USA: Addison–Wesley Publishing Company, 1978, p. 102.
  • [13] J. Pal and P. Chauhan, “Study of physical properties of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanocrystals,” Materials Characterization, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 575-579, 2010.
  • [14] M.C. Gardey Merino, M. Palermo, R. Belda, M.E. Fernández de Rapp, G.E. Lascalea and P.G. Vázquez, “Combustion synthesis of Co3O4 nanoparticles: Fuel ratio effect on the physical properties of the resulting powders,” Procedia Materials Science, vol. 1, pp. 588-593, 2012.
  • [15] M. Th. Makhlouf, B. M. Abu-Zied and T. H. Mansoure, “Direct fabrication of cobalt oxide nano-particles employing glycine as a combustion fuel,” Physical Chemistry, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 86-93, 2013.
  • [16] M. Makhlouf, B. Abu-Zied and T. Mansoure, “Direct fabrication of cobalt oxide nanoparticles employing sucrose as a combustion fuel,” Journal of Nanoparticles, vol. 2013, pp. 1-7, 2013.
  • [17] K. Venkateswara Rao and C.S. Sunandana, “Co3O4 nanoparticles by chemical combustion: Effect of fuel to oxidizer ratio on structure, microstructure and EPR,” Solid State Communications, vol. 148, no. 1-2, 32-37, 2008.
  • [18] L. Carvalho, V. Melo, E. Vitor Sobrinho, D. Ruiz and D. Melo, “Effect of urea excess on the properties of the MgAl2O4 obtained by microwave-assisted combustion,” Materials Research, vol. 21, no. 1, 2017.
  • [19] A. Khorsand Zak, W. Abd Majid, M.E. Abrishami and R. Yousefi, “X-ray analysis of ZnO nanoparticles by Williamson–Hall and size–strain plot methods,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 13, no. 1, 251-256, 2011.
  • [20] G. Anandha Babu, G. Ravi, Y. Hayakawa and M. Kumaresavanji, “Synthesis and calcinations effects on size analysis of Co3O4 nanospheres and their superparamagnetic behaviors,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 375, 184-193, 2015.
  • [21] M. Galini, M. Salehi and M. Behzad, “Structural, magnetic and dielectric properties of Dy-doped Co3O4 nanostructures for the electrochemical evolution of oxygen in alkaline media,” Journal of Nanostructures, Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 391-403, 2018.
  • [22] S. Bhagade, S. Chaurasia and B. Bhanage, “Reductive-hydroformylation of 1-octene to nonanol using fibrous Co3O4 catalyst,” Catalysis Today, vol. 309, pp. 147-152, 2018.
  • [23] H. Bazrafshan, R.S. Touba, Z.A. Tesieh, S. Dabirnia and B. Nasernejad, “Hydrothermal synthesis of Co3O4 nanosheets and its application in photoelectrochemical water splitting,” Chemical Engineering Communications, vol. 204, no. 10, 1105-1112, 2017.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Omer KAYGİLİ>
FIRAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2321-1455
Türkiye


Niyazi BULUT>
FIRAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-2863-7700
Türkiye


İ.s. YAHIA>
Ain Shams University
0000-0002-9855-5033
Egypt


İsmail ERCAN>
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
0000-0001-6490-3792
Saudi Arabia


Filiz ERCAN>
Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
0000-0002-6478-8920
Saudi Arabia


Tankut ATES>
FIRAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4519-2953
Türkiye


Hanifi KEBİROGLU> (Primary Author)
FIRAT UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-6764-3364
Türkiye


Riyadh Saeed AGİD>
Salahaddin University
0000-0003-2865-1297
Iraq


Bahroz Kareem MAHMOOD>
University of Halabja
0000-0003-2615-2662
Iraq

Publication Date April 30, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 8, Issue 2

Cite

Bibtex @research article { dubited654169, journal = {Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, eissn = {2148-2446}, address = {}, publisher = {Duzce University}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, number = {2}, pages = {1626 - 1633}, doi = {10.29130/dubited.654169}, title = {Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea}, key = {cite}, author = {Kaygili, Omer and Bulut, Niyazi and Yahıa, İ.s. and Ercan, İsmail and Ercan, Filiz and Ates, Tankut and Kebiroglu, Hanifi and Agid, Riyadh Saeed and Mahmood, Bahroz Kareem} }
APA Kaygili, O. , Bulut, N. , Yahıa, İ. , Ercan, İ. , Ercan, F. , Ates, T. , Kebiroglu, H. , Agid, R. S. & Mahmood, B. K. (2020). Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea . Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , 8 (2) , 1626-1633 . DOI: 10.29130/dubited.654169
MLA Kaygili, O. , Bulut, N. , Yahıa, İ. , Ercan, İ. , Ercan, F. , Ates, T. , Kebiroglu, H. , Agid, R. S. , Mahmood, B. K. "Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea" . Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 1626-1633 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/dubited/issue/55096/654169>
Chicago Kaygili, O. , Bulut, N. , Yahıa, İ. , Ercan, İ. , Ercan, F. , Ates, T. , Kebiroglu, H. , Agid, R. S. , Mahmood, B. K. "Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea". Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 1626-1633
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea AU - OmerKaygili, NiyaziBulut, İ.s.Yahıa, İsmailErcan, FilizErcan, TankutAtes, HanifiKebiroglu, Riyadh SaeedAgid, Bahroz KareemMahmood Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.29130/dubited.654169 DO - 10.29130/dubited.654169 T2 - Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1626 EP - 1633 VL - 8 IS - 2 SN - -2148-2446 M3 - doi: 10.29130/dubited.654169 UR - https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.654169 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Duzce University Journal of Science and Technology Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea %A Omer Kaygili , Niyazi Bulut , İ.s. Yahıa , İsmail Ercan , Filiz Ercan , Tankut Ates , Hanifi Kebiroglu , Riyadh Saeed Agid , Bahroz Kareem Mahmood %T Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea %D 2020 %J Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2446 %V 8 %N 2 %R doi: 10.29130/dubited.654169 %U 10.29130/dubited.654169
ISNAD Kaygili, Omer , Bulut, Niyazi , Yahıa, İ.s. , Ercan, İsmail , Ercan, Filiz , Ates, Tankut , Kebiroglu, Hanifi , Agid, Riyadh Saeed , Mahmood, Bahroz Kareem . "Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea". Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 / 2 (April 2020): 1626-1633 . https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.654169
AMA Kaygili O. , Bulut N. , Yahıa İ. , Ercan İ. , Ercan F. , Ates T. , Kebiroglu H. , Agid R. S. , Mahmood B. K. Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea. DUBİTED. 2020; 8(2): 1626-1633.
Vancouver Kaygili O. , Bulut N. , Yahıa İ. , Ercan İ. , Ercan F. , Ates T. , Kebiroglu H. , Agid R. S. , Mahmood B. K. Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea. Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2020; 8(2): 1626-1633.
IEEE O. Kaygili , N. Bulut , İ. Yahıa , İ. Ercan , F. Ercan , T. Ates , H. Kebiroglu , R. S. Agid and B. K. Mahmood , "Crystallinity Improvement of Co3O4 by Adding Thiourea", Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 1626-1633, Apr. 2020, doi:10.29130/dubited.654169