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Cibacron Blue F3GA Bağlı mPHEMA ile Sulu Sistemden Fenol ve Nitrofenollerin Uzaklaştırılması

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 1518 - 1528, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.31202/ecjse.754047

Abstract

Fenol ve nitrofenoller, çok düşük konsantrasyonlarda bile sulu ortamdaki diğer organizmalar için toksiktir. Bu çalışmada, sulu ortamdan bir adsorban olarak manyetik poli (2-hidroksietilmetakrilat) bağlı Cibacron Blue F3GA kullanılarak fenollerin ve nitrofenollerin uzaklaştırılması araştırıldı. Farklı zaman aralıklarında (15, 20, 45, 60, 90 ve 120 dakika) adsorban üzerindeki fenol ve nitrofenollerin adsorpsiyon miktarı, artan fenol ve nitrofenol konsantrasyonu ile denge süreleri araştırıldı. pH (2-12 arasında), adsorban dozaj, adsorpsiyon süresi ve başlangıç konsantrasyonu gibi parametreler araştırıldı. Maksimum adsorpsiyon denge süresi yaklaşık 20 dakika olarak bulunmuştur. Adsorban üzerindeki adsorbe edilen madde miktarının, 4-nitrofenol> 3-nitrofenol> ve 2-nitrofenol> fenol sırasıyla azaldığı gözlendi. Adsorban, adsorpsiyon öncesi ve sonrasında Fourier Transform Infra-Red, Taramalı Elektron Mikroskopisi-Enerji Dağıtıcı X-ışını teknikleri ve Diferansiyel Termal Analiz-Termal Gravimetrik Analiz Teknikleri kullanılarak incelenmiştir. Adsorpsiyon işleminin Langmuir izotermine uygun olduğu gözlenmiştir. Adsorpsiyon kapasitelerinde önemli bir azalma olmadan tekrar tekrar Cibacron Blue F3GA'ya takılı mPHEMA mikrokürelerin kullanılması mümkün olmuştur.

References

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Dargaville, T.-R.; Looney, M.-G.; Solomon, H.-D. J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 1996, 182, 17-25. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1996.0432 [9] Uçar M., Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 37, pp 664-679; doi:10.1177/0263617419870671 [10]. Denizli, A.; Şatıroğlu, N.; Patır, S.; Bektas¸, S.; Genc¸, Ö . J. Macromol. Sci. Pure 2000, 37, 1647–1662. https://doi.org/10.1081/MA-100102331 [11]. Rengaraj S.; Moon S. H.; Sivabalan R.; Arabindoo B.; Murugesan V. Waste Manage. 2002, 22, 5, 543–548. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053X(01)00016-2 [12]. Roostaei N.; Tezel F.-H.; J. Environ. Manage. 2004, 70, 2, 157–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2003.11.004 [13]. Vazquez I.; Rodriguez J.; Maranon E.; Castrillon L.; Fernandez Y. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, 137, 3, 1773–1780. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.05.018 [14]. Yavuz Y.; Koparal S. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, 136, 2, 296–302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.018 [15]. Srivastava V.-C.; Swamy M.-M.;, Mall I.-D.; Prasad B.; Mishra I. M. Colloids Surface A. 2006, 272, 1–2, 89-104 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.07.016 [16]. Ince N.; Apikyan I. Water Res. 2000, 34, 17, 4169–4176. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00194-9 [17]. Arıca Y.; Yavuz H.; Patır S. and Denizli A. J. Mol Catal B Enzym 2000, 2-3, 11, 127 – 138. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1381-1177(00)00223-X [18]. Odabaşı M.; Denizli A. Polym. Int. 2004, 53, 332–338. https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.1305 [19]. Saleh T.-A.; Adio S.-O.; Asif M.; Dafalla H. J. Clean Prod. 2018, Volume 182, 1, 960-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.242 [20]. Denizli A.; Özkan G.; and Uçar M. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2001, 24, 255-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5866(01)00129-0 [21]. Lin S.-H.; and Juang R.-S. J. Environ. Manage. 2009, 90, 3, 1336-1349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.09.003 [22]. Kuralay F.; Yılmaz E.; Uzun L.; Denizli A. Colloids and Surfaces B 2013, 110, 270-274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.04.024 [23]. Tüzmen N.; Akdoğan F.; Kalburcu T.; Akgöl S.; Denizli A. Process Biochem. 2010, 45, 556–562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2009.12.001 [24]. Tüzmen N.; Kalburcu T.; Denizli A. J. Mol. Catal. B: Enzym 2012, 78, 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcatb.2012.01.017 [25]. Gu X,.; Kang H.; Li H.; Liu X.;, Dong F.; Fu M.; and Chen J. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2018, 63 (9), 3606–3614. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jced.8b00477 [26]. Chen J.; Sun X.; Lin L.;, Dong X. Chinese J. Chem. Eng. 2017, 25, 6, 775-781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2016.10.014 [27]. Kordić B.; Jović B.; Tričković Y.; Kovačević M. J. Mol. Liq. 2018, 259, 7-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.02.109 [28]. Aazza M.; Ahlafi H.; Moussout H.; Maghat H. J. Mol. Liq. 2018, 268 587-597 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.07.095 [29]. Doğan A.; Özkara S.; Sarı M.-M.; Uzun L.; Denizli A. J. Chromatogr. B 2012, 893– 894, 69– 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2012.02.036 [30] Uçar S.; Evcin A.; Uçar M.; Alibeyli R.; Majdan M. Hacettepe J. Biol. Chem. 2015, 43, 3, 237-251. https://doi.org/10.15671/HJBC.20154314246 [31]. Basar N.; Uzun L.; Güner A.; Denizli A. J. App. Poly. Sci. 2008, 108, 6, 3454-3461. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.27972 [32]. Bayramoğlu G., Arıca B., Yalçın E., Ito K. and Yagci Y., 2005, “Novel hydrogel membrane based on copoly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate/p-vinylbenzylpoly(ethylene oxide)) for biomedical applications: Properties and drug release characteristics” 5, 983–992. [33] Soykan C., Delibas A.¸, Coskun R., 2007 “Copolymers of N-(4-bromophenyl)-2-methacrylamide with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate” Vol.68, No.1 114–124. [34]Shanmugam D.; Alagappan M.; Rajan R.-K. Alexandria Engineering Journal 2016, 55, 2995–3003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2016.05.012 [35]. Altıntaş E.-B.; and Denizli A. J. Chromatogr. B 2006, 832, 216–223 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2006.01.006 [36]. Ahmaruzzaman, M., Sharma, D.K., “Adsorption of phenols from wastewater”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 287, s. 14-24, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.01.075 [37]. Denizli A.; Özkan G.; and Uçar M. J. App. Poly. Sci. 2002, 83 (11), 2411-2418. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.10199 [38]. Yang Q.; Lu R.; Ren S.-S.; Zhou H.; Wu Q.; Zhen Y.; Chen Z.; Fang S. J. Solid State Chem. 2018, 265, 200-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2018.06.006 [39]. Hammiche-bellal Y.; Benadda-kordjani A.; Benrabaa R.; Djadoun A.; Meddour-boukhobza L.; J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 2018, 6, 2, 2355-2362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.03.042

Removal of Phenol and Nitrophenols from Aquatic System With Cibacron Blue F3GA Attached mPHEMA

Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, 1518 - 1528, 30.09.2020
https://doi.org/10.31202/ecjse.754047

Abstract

Phenol and nitrophenols are toxic to other organisms in aqueous media even at very low concentrations. In this work, the removal of phenols and nitrophenols by using Cibacron Blue F3GA attached of magnetic poly(2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate) as an adsorbent from the aqueous media was investigated. The adsorption phenomenon of the phenol and nitrophenols on adsorbent at different time ranges (15, 20, 45, 60, 90 and 120 minutes) was investigated to elucidate the equilibrium times with increasing phenol and nitrophenols concentration. The effects of different conditions such as pH (2-12), adsorbent dosage, adsorption time and initial concentration were studied. The adsorption rates of phenol and nitrophenols were established to be the maximum at pH 2. The maximum adsorption equilibrium time was found to be approximately 20 minutes. The amount of adsorbed substance on adsorbent was observed to decrease in the order of 4-nitrophenol> 3-nitrophenol> and 2-nitrophenol> phenol. Adsorbent was examined by using Fourier Transform Infra-Red, Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray techniques and Differential Thermal Analysis-Thermal Gravimetric Analysis before and after the adsorption. The adsorption process was observed to comply with the Langmuir isotherm. It was possible to use again and again Cibacron Blue F3GA‐attached mPHEMA beads without any significant decreases in their adsorption capacities.

References

  • [1]. Singh, D.-K.; Mishra A. "Removal of Organic Pollutants by the Use of Iron(III) Hydroxide-Loaded Marble" Sep. Sci. Technol. 1993, 28, 10, 1923-1931. https://doi.org/10.1080/01496399308029251 [2]. Slein, M.-W.; Sansone, E.-B. "Molecular Carcinogenesis and the Molecular Biology of Human Cancer" Degradation of Chemical Carcinogens; Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1980. [3]. Dutta N.-N; Borthakur S.; Baruah R. Environ. Res. 1998, 70, 4-9. [4]. Streat, M. Ion Exchange for Industry; Ellis Horwood Ltd.; Chichester, U.K., 1988. [5]. Ravi, V.-P.; Jasra, R.-V.; Bhat, T.-S.G. J Chem. Technol Biot. 1998, 71, 173. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4660(199802)71:2<173::AID-JCTB818>3.0.CO;2-N [6]. Shu, H.-T.; Li, D.; Scala, A.-A.; Ma, Y.-H. Sep. Purif. Technol. 1997, 11, 27. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5866(96)01005-2 [7]. Furuya, E.-G.; Chang, H.-T.; Miura, Y.; Noll, K.-E. Sep. Purif. Technol. 1997, 11, 2, 69-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5866(96)01001-5 [8]. Dargaville, T.-R.; Looney, M.-G.; Solomon, H.-D. J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 1996, 182, 17-25. https://doi.org/10.1006/jcis.1996.0432 [9] Uçar M., Adsorption Science & Technology, Volume 37, pp 664-679; doi:10.1177/0263617419870671 [10]. Denizli, A.; Şatıroğlu, N.; Patır, S.; Bektas¸, S.; Genc¸, Ö . J. Macromol. Sci. Pure 2000, 37, 1647–1662. https://doi.org/10.1081/MA-100102331 [11]. Rengaraj S.; Moon S. H.; Sivabalan R.; Arabindoo B.; Murugesan V. Waste Manage. 2002, 22, 5, 543–548. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0956-053X(01)00016-2 [12]. Roostaei N.; Tezel F.-H.; J. Environ. Manage. 2004, 70, 2, 157–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2003.11.004 [13]. Vazquez I.; Rodriguez J.; Maranon E.; Castrillon L.; Fernandez Y. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, 137, 3, 1773–1780. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.05.018 [14]. Yavuz Y.; Koparal S. J. Hazard. Mater. 2006, 136, 2, 296–302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2005.12.018 [15]. Srivastava V.-C.; Swamy M.-M.;, Mall I.-D.; Prasad B.; Mishra I. M. Colloids Surface A. 2006, 272, 1–2, 89-104 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.07.016 [16]. Ince N.; Apikyan I. Water Res. 2000, 34, 17, 4169–4176. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00194-9 [17]. Arıca Y.; Yavuz H.; Patır S. and Denizli A. J. Mol Catal B Enzym 2000, 2-3, 11, 127 – 138. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1381-1177(00)00223-X [18]. Odabaşı M.; Denizli A. Polym. Int. 2004, 53, 332–338. https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.1305 [19]. Saleh T.-A.; Adio S.-O.; Asif M.; Dafalla H. J. Clean Prod. 2018, Volume 182, 1, 960-968. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.01.242 [20]. Denizli A.; Özkan G.; and Uçar M. Sep. Purif. Technol. 2001, 24, 255-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5866(01)00129-0 [21]. Lin S.-H.; and Juang R.-S. J. Environ. Manage. 2009, 90, 3, 1336-1349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.09.003 [22]. Kuralay F.; Yılmaz E.; Uzun L.; Denizli A. Colloids and Surfaces B 2013, 110, 270-274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.04.024 [23]. Tüzmen N.; Akdoğan F.; Kalburcu T.; Akgöl S.; Denizli A. Process Biochem. 2010, 45, 556–562. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2009.12.001 [24]. Tüzmen N.; Kalburcu T.; Denizli A. J. Mol. Catal. B: Enzym 2012, 78, 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcatb.2012.01.017 [25]. Gu X,.; Kang H.; Li H.; Liu X.;, Dong F.; Fu M.; and Chen J. J. Chem. Eng. Data 2018, 63 (9), 3606–3614. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jced.8b00477 [26]. Chen J.; Sun X.; Lin L.;, Dong X. Chinese J. Chem. Eng. 2017, 25, 6, 775-781. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjche.2016.10.014 [27]. Kordić B.; Jović B.; Tričković Y.; Kovačević M. J. Mol. Liq. 2018, 259, 7-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.02.109 [28]. Aazza M.; Ahlafi H.; Moussout H.; Maghat H. J. Mol. Liq. 2018, 268 587-597 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2018.07.095 [29]. Doğan A.; Özkara S.; Sarı M.-M.; Uzun L.; Denizli A. J. Chromatogr. B 2012, 893– 894, 69– 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2012.02.036 [30] Uçar S.; Evcin A.; Uçar M.; Alibeyli R.; Majdan M. Hacettepe J. Biol. Chem. 2015, 43, 3, 237-251. https://doi.org/10.15671/HJBC.20154314246 [31]. Basar N.; Uzun L.; Güner A.; Denizli A. J. App. Poly. Sci. 2008, 108, 6, 3454-3461. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.27972 [32]. Bayramoğlu G., Arıca B., Yalçın E., Ito K. and Yagci Y., 2005, “Novel hydrogel membrane based on copoly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate/p-vinylbenzylpoly(ethylene oxide)) for biomedical applications: Properties and drug release characteristics” 5, 983–992. [33] Soykan C., Delibas A.¸, Coskun R., 2007 “Copolymers of N-(4-bromophenyl)-2-methacrylamide with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate” Vol.68, No.1 114–124. [34]Shanmugam D.; Alagappan M.; Rajan R.-K. Alexandria Engineering Journal 2016, 55, 2995–3003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aej.2016.05.012 [35]. Altıntaş E.-B.; and Denizli A. J. Chromatogr. B 2006, 832, 216–223 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2006.01.006 [36]. Ahmaruzzaman, M., Sharma, D.K., “Adsorption of phenols from wastewater”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 287, s. 14-24, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2005.01.075 [37]. Denizli A.; Özkan G.; and Uçar M. J. App. Poly. Sci. 2002, 83 (11), 2411-2418. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.10199 [38]. Yang Q.; Lu R.; Ren S.-S.; Zhou H.; Wu Q.; Zhen Y.; Chen Z.; Fang S. J. Solid State Chem. 2018, 265, 200-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2018.06.006 [39]. Hammiche-bellal Y.; Benadda-kordjani A.; Benrabaa R.; Djadoun A.; Meddour-boukhobza L.; J. Environ. Chem. Eng. 2018, 6, 2, 2355-2362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.03.042

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Mustafa UÇAR> (Primary Author)
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1445-3361
Türkiye


Kübra ERÇOLAK This is me
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1148-2661
Türkiye


Songül UÇAR This is me
AFYON KOCATEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1148-5034
Türkiye

Supporting Institution Afyon Kocatepe University via Scientific Research Projects
Project Number 08.FENED.15 and 09.FENED.04
Publication Date September 30, 2020
Submission Date June 17, 2020
Acceptance Date September 4, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3

Cite

IEEE M. Uçar , K. Erçolak and S. Uçar , "Removal of Phenol and Nitrophenols from Aquatic System With Cibacron Blue F3GA Attached mPHEMA", El-Cezeri, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 1518-1528, Sep. 2020, doi:10.31202/ecjse.754047