Year 2019, Volume 19 , Issue 80, Pages 151 - 170 2019-02-15

Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers

İrwanto - [1] , Anip Dwi SAPUTRO [2] , Eli ROHAETI [3] , Anti Kolonial PRODJOSANTOSO [4]


Purpose: Although critical thinking skills (CTS) and scientific process skills (SPS) are the beneficial skills needed in the 21st century learning, the fact is that the acquisition of these two skills is still low. Research with a focus on improving these skills by using inquiry-based approach is also limited. Therefore, this quasi-experimental study aimed to enhance preservice elementary teachers’ CTS and SPS by using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction (IBLI).


Method: A pretest-posttest control group design was executed. A total of 43 students who attended Teaching Science in Elementary School-II
Laboratory Course at the Muhammadiyah University of Ponorogo were divided into two groups using cluster random sampling. The experimental group (n=21) was taught by using IBLI, while the control group (n=22) was taught by using traditional laboratory method. The Oliver-Hoyo Rubric for Critical Thinking (OHRCT) and the Observation Checklist for SPS (OCSPS) were administered. The data were then analyzed by using normalized gain score and Mann-Whitney U test at significance level .05.

Findings: There was a significant difference in terms of CTS and SPS between control and experimental groups in favor of experimental group students. It was found out that gained CTS score of control and experimental group students was .58 and .80, while gained SPS score was .60 and .81, respectively. It can be highlighted that IBLI had a significant effect on preservice elementary teachers’ performance compared to the conventional group.


Implications for Research and Practice:
The findings suggest that IBLI is considered as the effective method to foster CTS and SPS of preservice elementary teachers. According to results, it is recommended that preservice teachers need to be given opportunities to develop hands-on and minds-on experiences in the science laboratory activities. The lecturers should utilize IBLI to develop students’ various lifelong learning skills.
critical thinking skills, inquiry-based laboratory instruction, preservice elementary teachers, scientific process skills
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Author: İrwanto -

Author: Anip Dwi SAPUTRO

Author: Eli ROHAETI

Author: Anti Kolonial PRODJOSANTOSO

Dates

Publication Date : February 15, 2019

Bibtex @research article { ejer548928, journal = {Eurasian Journal of Educational Research}, issn = {1302-597X}, eissn = {2528-8911}, address = {}, publisher = {Anı Yayıncılık}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, pages = {151 - 170}, doi = {}, title = {Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers}, key = {cite}, author = {-, İrwanto and Saputro, Anip Dwi and Rohaetı, Eli and Prodjosantoso, Anti Kolonial} }
APA -, İ , Saputro, A , Rohaetı, E , Prodjosantoso, A . (2019). Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers . Eurasian Journal of Educational Research , 19 (80) , 151-170 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejer/issue/43338/548928
MLA -, İ , Saputro, A , Rohaetı, E , Prodjosantoso, A . "Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers" . Eurasian Journal of Educational Research 19 (2019 ): 151-170 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejer/issue/43338/548928>
Chicago -, İ , Saputro, A , Rohaetı, E , Prodjosantoso, A . "Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers". Eurasian Journal of Educational Research 19 (2019 ): 151-170
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers AU - İrwanto - , Anip Dwi Saputro , Eli Rohaetı , Anti Kolonial Prodjosantoso Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Eurasian Journal of Educational Research JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 151 EP - 170 VL - 19 IS - 80 SN - 1302-597X-2528-8911 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Eurasian Journal of Educational Research Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers %A İrwanto - , Anip Dwi Saputro , Eli Rohaetı , Anti Kolonial Prodjosantoso %T Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers %D 2019 %J Eurasian Journal of Educational Research %P 1302-597X-2528-8911 %V 19 %N 80 %R %U
ISNAD -, İrwanto , Saputro, Anip Dwi , Rohaetı, Eli , Prodjosantoso, Anti Kolonial . "Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers". Eurasian Journal of Educational Research 19 / 80 (February 2019): 151-170 .
AMA - İ , Saputro A , Rohaetı E , Prodjosantoso A . Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research. 2019; 19(80): 151-170.
Vancouver - İ , Saputro A , Rohaetı E , Prodjosantoso A . Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research. 2019; 19(80): 151-170.
IEEE İ. - , A. Saputro , E. Rohaetı and A. Prodjosantoso , "Using Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction to Improve Critical Thinking and Scientific Process Skills among Preservice Elementary Teachers", Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, vol. 19, no. 80, pp. 151-170, Feb. 2019