Year 2020, Volume , Issue 18, Pages 30 - 41 2020-04-15

Membran Biyoreaktör ve Dinamik Membran Biyoreaktör Performansının Aynı Koşullarda Kıyaslanması
Membrane Bioreactor and Dynamic Membrane Bioreactor Performance Comparison Under the Same Conditions

Metmet Akif VERAL [1] , Özer ÇINAR [2] , Abdullah KIZILET [3]


Bu çalışma, sentetik atık su arıtımı için aerobik membran biyoreaktörde (AeMBR), 0,45 µm ve dokuma olmayan membran olmak üzere iki farklı membran modülünün karşılaştırmalı değerlendirilmesini amaçlamaktadır. Her iki membran malzemesinin filtrasyon performansları aynı operasyonel şartlar altında karşılaştırılmıştır. Filtreleme işlemi boyunca, 0,45 µm ve dokuma olmayan membran olmak üzere sırasıyla %99 ve % 95 KOİ giderim verimleri elde edilmiştr. AeMBR, 10 LMH'de başarıyla işletilmiş ve 30 gün boyunca hiçbir şekilde kimyasal yıkama uygulanmamıştır. Reaktör, 15 LMH akıya kadar mükemmel bir şekilde işletilmi ve sonra 20 LMH’de işletime devam edilmiştir. 0.45 µm membranın bulanıklık ve trans-membran basıncı değerleri, dokuma olmayan membrana nispeten başlarda genellikle yüksek sonuçlar vermiştir. Membranlar üzerinde oluşan kek tabakasının karakteristik özelliklerini belirlemek üzere kapiler emme süresi (CST), çözünür mikrobiyal ürün (SMP), hücre dışı polimerik bileşenler (EPS), süzülmeye karşı spesifik direnç (SRF), fourier dönüştürülmüş kızılötesi spektroskopisi (ATR FT-IR) ve denatüre gradyan jel elektroforezi (DGGE) aanalizleri yapılmıştır. 16S rDNA bölgesi, hava/ortam sıcaklığı değişikliği açısından önemli sonuç göstermiştir. Her iki membran modülü için, sırasıyla NaOCl ve sülfürik asit ile yapılan kimyasal temizleme istihdamı, neredeyse tamamen tıkanmaları ortadan kaldırmış ve kimyasal olarak yıkanmış membranların, yeni membranlarınkine yakın basınç gösterdiği bulunmuştur.

This study aims comparative evaluation of two different membrane modules, 0.45 µm and non-woven dynamic membrane, in AeMBR for synthetic wastewater treatment. Filtration performances of both membrane materials were compared under same operational conditions. Throughout the filtration process, 99% and 95% COD removal efficiencies were achieved relying upon 0.45 µm and non-woven dynamic membrane, respectively. AeMBR was successfully operated at 10 LMH and no chemical cleaning was employed for 30 days. It was perfectly operated up to 15 LMH and then 20 LMH. The turbidity and trans-membrane pressure (TMP) of 0.45 µm was usually higher at the begging compared with the dynamic membrane despite membrane clogging rates were comparable. Capillary suction time (CST), soluble microbial product (SMP), extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), specific resistance to filterability (SRF), attenuated total reflectance fourier transformed-infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR) and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analyzes were performed to understand the characterization of the cake deposited on membranes. 16S rDNA region shown significant result in terms of air/ambient temperature change. For both membrane modules, offline chemical cleaning employment with NaOCl and sulfuric acid, respectively, almost completely eliminated foulants and it was found that chemically washed membranes showed pressure close to that of the new membrane.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5933-1598
Author: Metmet Akif VERAL
Institution: İSTANBUL SABAHATTİN ZAİM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3023-0734
Author: Özer ÇINAR (Primary Author)
Institution: YILDIZ TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-5933-1598
Author: Abdullah KIZILET
Institution: KAHRAMANMARAŞ SÜTÇÜ İMAM ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution Yıldız Teknik Üniversitesi
Project Number FYL-2017-3108
Dates

Publication Date : April 15, 2020

APA Veral, M , Çınar, Ö , Kızılet, A . (2020). Membrane Bioreactor and Dynamic Membrane Bioreactor Performance Comparison Under the Same Conditions. Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (18) , 30-41 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.619539