Year 2020, Volume , Issue 18, Pages 840 - 849 2020-04-15

Bitkilerde Abiyotik Stres Koşullarında Selenyum Metabolizması ve Fizyolojik Etkileri

İlkay YAVAŞ [1] , Volkan Mehmet ÇINAR [2] , Aydın ÜNAY [3]


Selenyumun (Se) özellikle abiyotik stres koşullarındaki bitkilerde antioksidan rol oynamakla birlikte biyofortikasyonda yer almaktadır. Düşük dozlarda büyüme ve gelişmeyi teşvik etmekte buna karşın yüksek dozlarda toksik etkide bulunmaktadır. Bu derlemede selenyumun tuzluluk, yüksek sıcaklık ve kuraklık gibi stres koşullarındaki fizyolojik etkileri, topraktaki yarayışlılığı ve alım mekanizması üzerinde yoğunlaşılmıştır. Toprakların selenyum içeriğinin, toprak tekstürü, organik madde, redoks potansiyeli, pH ve kil içeriğine bağlı olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bitkilerin selenat ve selenit gibi inorganik formdaki selenyum ile selenosistein ve selenometionin gibi organik formdaki selenyumu aldığı görülmüştür. Selenyum alımı ve metabolizmasının bitki türüne, büyüme dönemine ve bitki organına göre değişim gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir. Düşük dozlarda selenyumun selenoprotein sentezini düzenlediği, antioksidan fonksiyonunu artırdığı ve bitkileri sıcaklık, kuraklık, UV-B, tuzluluk ve ağır metal stresi gibi çeşitli abiyotik streslere karşı koruduğu belirlenmiştir.
Abiyotik stres, selenat, selenit, selenometionin, selenosistein
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Primary Language tr
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6863-9631
Author: İlkay YAVAŞ (Primary Author)
Institution: ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, KOÇARLI MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5822-5649
Author: Volkan Mehmet ÇINAR
Institution: ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7278-4428
Author: Aydın ÜNAY
Institution: ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ZİRAAT FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : April 15, 2020

APA Yavaş, İ , Çınar, V , Ünay, A . (2020). Bitkilerde Abiyotik Stres Koşullarında Selenyum Metabolizması ve Fizyolojik Etkileri . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (18) , 840-849 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.685702