In this study, plants used for food and/or medicinal purposes by collecting from natural areas and agricultural ecosystems by local people in Hakkâri province and its districts are discussed. It is aimed to reveal the current status of the plant species, which are reflected in the public, that are not found and/or almost extinct as a result of the excessive collection in the region. Within the scope of the research, interviews were made with the people collectting the plants from nature and with people selling the plants in the local market and surveys were carried out in the natural and agroecosystems in the spring of 2018. In addition, previous ethnobotanical studies have been conducted in the region were also evaluated. As a result of the study, it has been determined that, significant decreases in the frequency and intensity of the most collected and consumed plant species in the region such as Diplotaenia cachrydifolia Boiss., Rheum ribes L., Gundelia tournefortii L. var. Tournefortii, Chaerophyllum macrospermum Willd. ex Sprengel, Fritillaria imperialis L., Orchis palustris jacq, and Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae (Lanzi) Sacc were observed. It has also been determined that people collecting the plant for commercial purposes search longer distances and spend more time for collection. Therefore, it has been determined that the market prices of these plants are constantly increasing in the region. It has been concluded that information and awareness-raising activities should be carried out for the local people in order to sustainably benefit from these plants and to protect them. This will also contribute to the conservation of biodiversity in the region. It has also been concluded that cultivating at least some species can reduce the pressure on natural flora.
Publication Date : August 31, 2020
|APA||Sırrı, M , Sırrı, G . (2020). Hakkâri İlinde Gıda Olarak Tüketilen Yabani Bitki ve Yabancı Ot Türlerinin Güncel Durumu . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 393-409 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.697536|