Textile materials are materials that are used continuously in contact with our body in our personal uses in public life areas such as hotels, kindergartens and hospitals. Textile materials with a large surface area are highly flammable. Production of flammable textiles has become important in terms of property and life safety. With the development of the textile industry, new developments have occurred in functional fibers, fabrics and garments. In this study, four different flammability chemicals were applied to 100% cotton knitted fabric samples, two of which are resistant to washing and the other two are non-durable. In addition, firetex chemical with ionic structure was applied to the fabrics as an alternative. Flammability and color measurement tests were carried out on all fabrics. According to the test results, all the fabrics are provided with flammability feature. In the study of 1/8 with alternative chemicals, the carbonization distance gave better results than other chemicals. Apyrol CEP which is resistant to washing and Apyrol CEP from Pyrovatex CP-LF chemicals gave better results. Floet, which is resistant to washing, has the best result from Apyrol PGH and Firetex chemicals. In terms of cost, it was seen that the cheapest chemical was Firetex and the optimum application rate was determined for Firetex. The color difference resulting from chemical finishing applications creates important problems. For this reason, the changes that occur in the colors of the fabrics (ΔL *, Δa *, Δb *, ΔC *, ΔH *, sonraE) have been detected after the flame retardant finishing process. As a result of the analysis of the total color difference in the studies, the color change was observed in the C-3 and C-6 fabrics with the least Apyrol PGH chemicals, and the most color change was in the C-2 fabric with the Apyrol CEP chemicals. With the Firetex chemical, the color change in the fabrics where flame retardant finishing is applied is less than the other chemicals.
Publication Date : August 31, 2020
|APA||Harımdar, N , Akarslan, F . (2020). Pamuklu Tekstil Mamullerine Güç Tutuşurluk Özelliğinin Kazandırılması İçin Alternatif Kimyasalların Araştırılması . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 290-296 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.708388|