VPA is widely used in epilepsy and other psychological disorders, increasing the probability of developing non-alcoholic liver disease in long-term treatments. GLP-2 is a proglucagon belonging to the peptide family expressed in the intestine, pancreas and brain to date. Although there are many studies on the use of GLP-2 for therapeutic purposes on the gastrointestinal system, its effect on liver toxicity is unknown. We aimed to investigate the effect of GLP-2 administration on hepatic function in a rat model with VPA-induced hepatotoxicity. Rats were injected intraperitoneally at 500 mg/kg and GLP-2 5µg/kg a day. The rats (200-250g) were separated into four groups (n=7). Group C was administrated 1 mL of 0.9% SF, Group GLP treated with GLP-2 (5µg/kg/day), Group GLP+VPA were received GLP-2 (5µg/kg) 1 h prior to VPA (500 mg/kg), Group VPA received VPA (500 mg/kg), 1 h prior to 1 mL of 0.9% SF ip (n=7). Liver tissues were used to investigate effects of VPA and GLP-2 in the liver 15 days after application. While VPA caused moderate but significant liver damage according to biochemical results, mRNA expression of cytokines were found to significantly increase after the day 15. VPA administration significantly induced expression of Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), Interleukin 10 (IL-10). In contrast, GLP-2 treatment reduced expression of IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-10. Also malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione s-transferase (α-GST), superoxide dismutase activities (SOD), total antioxidant status (TAS) and total oxidant status (TOS) levels were estimated. GLP-2 had positive effects on both liver enzymes and oxidative stress markers in VPA-induced hepatotoxicity. These results suggest that endogenous GLP-2 administration is associated with a mechanism that moderately protects liver tissue.
Publication Date : August 31, 2020
|APA||Oztopuz, O , Aylanç, H , Şehi̇toğlu, M , Türkön, H , Battal, F , Demi̇r, U . (2020). Glucagon-like peptide-2 May Assist to Protect against Valproic Acid Induced Hepatic Injury in Rats . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 297-302 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.711063|