This study aims to reveal the types, properties and the problems of the soil in the Derbent District, where studies were conducted on different dates, observations were made regarding the soil properties, and some findings were obtained by evaluating the laboratory analyzes made by the district agriculture directorate of the district lands.
He study utilized upper category classification regarding the pedogenetic features. There were six large soil groups in the region. The most common of these soils are reddish maroon soils. This is followed by chestnut, lime-free brown forest, colluvial, alluvial and reddish brown soils.
The effects of the bedrock, climate and topography can be seen on the territory of the district. The areas where volcanics are widespread include lime-free brown forest, reddish maroon soils where limestone is common, alluvial and colluvial soils in flat or slightly sloping areas of the topography.
In laboratory analyzes of soil samples taken from different parts of Derbent District: saturation 31-73.7%, total salt 0.00-0.03, pH 7.5-7.8, lime (CaCO3) 1.4-15.2, phosphorus (P22O5) 1.26-22.0, Potassium (K2O), 48.60-154.46 organic matter ranges from 1.26 to 2.09.
It is concluded that there is no salinity and alkalinity problem, calcareous, potassium amount is sufficient and organic matter is low. According to these results, it is compulsory to make macro and micronutrient supplements for the cultivation of beans, potatoes and strawberries cultivated in the district.
Among the processes that threaten the territory of Derbent District, the following are attention taking: erosion, irrigation, shallowness, slope, stoniness, wrong land use. In addition to making the necessary investments in solving these problems faced by the district lands, the local people should be taught the potential of the soil and then they should be taught how to use them by preserving these values.
Publication Date : August 31, 2020
|APA||Bozyi̇gi̇t, R . (2020). Derbent İlçesi (Konya) Topraklarının Özellikleri ve Sorunları Üzerine Bir Değerlendirme . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 505-514 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.734209|