Concrete is one of the most prevalent construction material used all over the world. Concrete production in expected to increase upwards in the future years because of the population growth and urbanization. Sustainable construction bases require a construction material to have a better thermal mass for better insulation. This could decrease energy demand for heating and cooling purposes and decrease the carbondioxide (CO2) emissions during the operational use. Concrete as a construction material could also improve health and well-being credentials of construction by providing better acoustic performance and improve the life quality of the occupants. Concrete also needs to be durable to become sustainable. This will increase the lifespan of concrete and lead to longer serviceability of the same materials. This also require less maintenance. Concrete technology, which can be recycled, reduces the thermal conductivity coefficient of concrete and provides thermal insulation by using non-combustible natural aggregates, are environmentally friendly systems. The studies on produce technology of recycled concrete with economical and technical valuation has benefited more important interest in each country due to its combination and effect on the environment protection and the sustainable development of people. The concrete industry is accepted as a major consumer of natural resources. Consumption of natural aggregate, which is the biggest component of concrete, increases continuously and rapidly with increasing production and use of concrete. In this study, natural basalt rock obtained from Maden district of Elazig province was chosen as aggregate and used in concrete production. The thermal conductivity analysis, strength analysis and the attitude of the produced concrete samples to microorganisms were examined. According to the experimental results, the thermal conductivity coefficients were measured between 0.2401 to 0.2529 W/mK and the average was calculated as 0.2497 W/mK. In addition, it was understood that concrete strength was measured as 15.33 MPA and it was normal strength concrete. It has been found that in this study, natural basalt aggregate and concrete are resistant to Clostridium bacteria operating in an anaerobic environment and have a restrictive feature in the movement of those bacteria. As a result, durable, non-flammable, environmentally friendly, non-toxic concrete was made and great contribution was made to creating a healthier and more comfortable living environment.
Publication Date : August 31, 2020
|APA||Orhan, A , Ak, N , Erensoy, A , Çek, N . (2020). Betonda Bazalt Agreganın Kullanımı ve Özellikleri . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 524-532 . DOI: 10.31590/ejosat.735019|