Year 2020, Volume , Issue 19, Pages 757 - 762 2020-08-31

The Effects of Soaking and Autoclaving on Chemical and Nutritional Composition of The Horse Chestnut (Aesculus indica) Seed

Yusuf KONCA [1] , Selma BÜYÜKKILIÇ BEYZİ [2]


Bu çalışmada atkestanesi (Aesculus indica) tohumunun besin madde kompozisyonunu belirlemek ve yapılan bazı ön işlemlerin besin maddelerine etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu amaçla atkestanesi tohumunun1) ham hali, 2) soğuk suda 24 saat ıslatılması ve 3) 121°C’de 60 dk otoklav edilmesi şeklinde 3 gruba ayrılmıştır. Elde edilen gruplar daha sonra kabuklu ve kabuksuz olarak iki grup altında analiz edilmiştir. Elde edilen veriler general lineer modelde (GLM) analiz edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak atkestanesi tohumunda uygulanan işlemlerin kuru madde (KM), ham protein (HP), ham yağ (HY), ham kül (HK), selüloz fraksiyonları ve metabolik enerji değerlerine etkisi önemsiz bulunurken tanen oranı otoklav edilen grupta önemli derecede azalmıştır. Kabuklu ve kabuksuz atkestanesinde; KM, HP, HY ve HK oranının etkilenmediği, ancak kabuksuz atkestanesinde nişasta oranı artarken, ADF oranı önemli derecede azalmış, NDF oranı ise değişmemiştir. Tanen oranı ise kabuksuz atkestanesinde önemli derecede daha düşük bulunmuştur. Ayrıca ham atkestanesinin mineral madde içerikleri: P, K, Ca, Na, Cl, Si, Al, Ni,Cr, Rb, Zn, Fe, Mg ve S sırasıyla; %0.257, %1.106, %0.27, %0.146, %0.061, %0.055,%0.023, %0.016, %0.005, %0.003, %0.006, %0.08, %0.056 ve %0.117 olarak bulunmuştur. Sonuç olarak uygulanan teknolojik işlemlerin anti-nutrisyonel bir faktör olan tanen içeriğinin azaltılmasında etkili olduğu veya tanen içeriğinin azlatılması amacıyla kabuksuz olarak da kullanılabileceği belirlenmiştir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Engineering
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-6231-1512
Author: Yusuf KONCA
Institution: ERCİYES ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4622-0645
Author: Selma BÜYÜKKILIÇ BEYZİ (Primary Author)
Institution: Erciyes Üniversitesi
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 31, 2020

APA Konca, Y , Büyükkılıç Beyzi̇, S . (2020). The Effects of Soaking and Autoclaving on Chemical and Nutritional Composition of The Horse Chestnut (Aesculus indica) Seed . Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , (19) , 757-762 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ejosat/issue/54511/747017